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EnumBuilder Class

Describes and represents an enumeration type.

Namespace:  System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, MayLeakOnAbort = true)]
public sealed class EnumBuilder : Type, 


The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this type or member has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.


In the .NET Framework versions 1.0 and 1.1, it is necessary to define enumerations using TypeBuilder because EnumBuilder emits enumerations whose elements are of type Int32 instead of the enumeration type. In the .NET Framework version 2.0, EnumBuilder emits enumerations whose elements have the correct type.

The following code example demonstrates the construction of an enumeration within a dynamic assembly, using EnumBuilder. The example defines an enumeration named Elevation, with an underlying type of Int32, and creates two elements: Low, with a value of 0, and High, with a value of 1. After the type has been created, the assembly is saved with the name TempAssembly.dll. You can use the MSIL Disassembler (Ildasm.exe) to examine the contents of this assembly.


Prior to the .NET Framework version 2.0, this code example does not produce a correct enumeration.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

class Example
    public static void Main()
        // Get the current application domain for the current thread.
        AppDomain currentDomain = AppDomain.CurrentDomain;

        // Create a dynamic assembly in the current application domain,  
        // and allow it to be executed and saved to disk.
        AssemblyName aName = new AssemblyName("TempAssembly");
        AssemblyBuilder ab = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
            aName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave);

        // Define a dynamic module in "TempAssembly" assembly. For a single-
        // module assembly, the module has the same name as the assembly.
        ModuleBuilder mb = ab.DefineDynamicModule(aName.Name, aName.Name + ".dll");

        // Define a public enumeration with the name "Elevation" and an 
        // underlying type of Integer.
        EnumBuilder eb = mb.DefineEnum("Elevation", TypeAttributes.Public, typeof(int));

        // Define two members, "High" and "Low".
        eb.DefineLiteral("Low", 0);
        eb.DefineLiteral("High", 1);

        // Create the type and save the assembly.
        Type finished = eb.CreateType();
        ab.Save(aName.Name + ".dll");

        foreach( object o in Enum.GetValues(finished) )
            Console.WriteLine("{0}.{1} = {2}", finished, o, ((int) o));

/* This code example produces the following output:

Elevation.Low = 0
Elevation.High = 1 


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0