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ConstructorBuilder Class

Defines and represents a constructor of a dynamic class.

Namespace: System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None)> _
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public NotInheritable Class ConstructorBuilder
	Inherits ConstructorInfo
	Implements _ConstructorBuilder
'Usage
Dim instance As ConstructorBuilder

/** @attribute ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None) */ 
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public final class ConstructorBuilder extends ConstructorInfo implements _ConstructorBuilder
ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None) 
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public final class ConstructorBuilder extends ConstructorInfo implements _ConstructorBuilder

NoteNote

The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this class has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.

ConstructorBuilder is used to fully describe a constructor in Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL), including the name, attributes, signature, and constructor body. It is used in conjunction with the TypeBuilder class to create classes at run time. Call DefineConstructor to get an instance of ConstructorBuilder.

The following code sample illustrates the contextual usage of a ConstructorBuilder.


Imports System
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _

Class TestCtorBuilder
   
   
   Public Shared Function DynamicPointTypeGen() As Type
      
      Dim pointType As Type = Nothing
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer)}
      
      Dim myDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave)
      
      Dim pointModule As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("PointModule", "Point.dll")
      
      Dim pointTypeBld As TypeBuilder = pointModule.DefineType("Point", TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim xField As FieldBuilder = pointTypeBld.DefineField("x", GetType(Integer), FieldAttributes.Public)
      Dim yField As FieldBuilder = pointTypeBld.DefineField("y", GetType(Integer), FieldAttributes.Public)
      Dim zField As FieldBuilder = pointTypeBld.DefineField("z", GetType(Integer), FieldAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim objType As Type = Type.GetType("System.Object")
      Dim objCtor As ConstructorInfo = objType.GetConstructor(New Type() {})
      
      Dim pointCtor As ConstructorBuilder = pointTypeBld.DefineConstructor(MethodAttributes.Public, CallingConventions.Standard, ctorParams)
      Dim ctorIL As ILGenerator = pointCtor.GetILGenerator()
      
      ' NOTE: ldarg.0 holds the "this" reference - ldarg.1, ldarg.2, and ldarg.3
      ' hold the actual passed parameters. ldarg.0 is used by instance methods
      ' to hold a reference to the current calling object instance. Static methods
      ' do not use arg.0, since they are not instantiated and hence no reference
      ' is needed to distinguish them. 
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      
      ' Here, we wish to create an instance of System.Object by invoking its
      ' constructor, as specified above.
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Call, objCtor)
      
      ' Now, we'll load the current instance ref in arg 0, along
      ' with the value of parameter "x" stored in arg 1, into stfld.
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, xField)
      
      ' Now, we store arg 2 "y" in the current instance with stfld.
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, yField)
      
      ' Last of all, arg 3 "z" gets stored in the current instance.
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_3)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, zField)
      
      ' Our work complete, we return.
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      ' Now, let's create three very simple methods so we can see our fields.
      Dim mthdNames() As String = {"GetX", "GetY", "GetZ"}
      
      Dim mthdName As String
      For Each mthdName In  mthdNames
         Dim getFieldMthd As MethodBuilder = pointTypeBld.DefineMethod(mthdName, MethodAttributes.Public, GetType(Integer), Nothing)
         Dim mthdIL As ILGenerator = getFieldMthd.GetILGenerator()
         
         mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
         Select Case mthdName
            Case "GetX"
               mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, xField)
            Case "GetY"
               mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, yField)
            Case "GetZ"
               mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, zField)
         End Select
         
         mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      Next mthdName 
      ' Finally, we create the type.
      pointType = pointTypeBld.CreateType()
      
      ' Let's save it, just for posterity.
      myAsmBuilder.Save("Point.dll")
      
      Return pointType
   End Function 'DynamicPointTypeGen
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim myDynamicType As Type = Nothing
      Dim aPoint As Object = Nothing
      Dim aPtypes() As Type = {GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer), GetType(Integer)}
      Dim aPargs() As Object = {4, 5, 6}
      
      ' Call the  method to build our dynamic class.
      myDynamicType = DynamicPointTypeGen()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Some information about my new Type '{0}':", myDynamicType.FullName)
      Console.WriteLine("Assembly: '{0}'", myDynamicType.Assembly)
      Console.WriteLine("Attributes: '{0}'", myDynamicType.Attributes)
      Console.WriteLine("Module: '{0}'", myDynamicType.Module)
      Console.WriteLine("Members: ")
      Dim member As MemberInfo
      For Each member In  myDynamicType.GetMembers()
         Console.WriteLine("-- {0} {1};", member.MemberType, member.Name)
      Next member
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      ' Let's take a look at the constructor we created.
      Dim myDTctor As ConstructorInfo = myDynamicType.GetConstructor(aPtypes)
      Console.WriteLine("Constructor: {0};", myDTctor.ToString())
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      ' Now, we get to use our dynamically-created class by invoking the constructor. 
      aPoint = myDTctor.Invoke(aPargs)
      Console.WriteLine("aPoint is type {0}.", aPoint.GetType())
      
      
      ' Finally, let's reflect on the instance of our new type - aPoint - and
      ' make sure everything proceeded according to plan.
      Console.WriteLine("aPoint.x = {0}", myDynamicType.InvokeMember("GetX", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, Nothing, aPoint, New Object() {}))
      Console.WriteLine("aPoint.y = {0}", myDynamicType.InvokeMember("GetY", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, Nothing, aPoint, New Object() {}))
      Console.WriteLine("aPoint.z = {0}", myDynamicType.InvokeMember("GetZ", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, Nothing, aPoint, New Object() {}))
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'TestCtorBuilder



' +++ OUTPUT +++
' Some information about my new Type 'Point':
' Assembly: 'MyDynamicAssembly, Version=0.0.0.0'
' Attributes: 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, NotPublic, Public'
' Module: 'PointModule'
' Members: 
' -- Field x;
' -- Field y;
' -- Field z;
' -- Method GetHashCode;
' -- Method Equals;
' -- Method ToString;
' -- Method GetType;
' -- Constructor .ctor;
' ---
' Constructor: Void .ctor(Int32, Int32, Int32);
' ---
' aPoint is type Point.
' aPoint.x = 4
' aPoint.y = 5
' aPoint.z = 6


System.Object
   System.Reflection.MemberInfo
     System.Reflection.MethodBase
       System.Reflection.ConstructorInfo
        System.Reflection.Emit.ConstructorBuilder

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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