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PrintDocument Constructor

Initializes a new instance of the PrintDocument class.

Namespace:  System.Drawing.Printing
Assembly:  System.Drawing (in System.Drawing.dll)

public PrintDocument()

The default constructor initializes all fields based upon the default printer. Typically, after creating a new PrintDocument, you set printer and page settings that affect the output through the PrinterSettings and DefaultPageSettings properties, respectively.

The following code example sets a document's page orientation to landscape, and prints the document.

Use the System.Drawing, System.Drawing.Printing, and System.IO namespaces for this example.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Printing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

 public class PrintingExample : System.Windows.Forms.Form 
     private System.ComponentModel.Container components;
     private System.Windows.Forms.Button printButton;
     private Font printFont;
     private StreamReader streamToPrint;

    public PrintingExample() : base() 
       // The Windows Forms Designer requires the following call.

    // The Click event is raised when the user clicks the Print button. 
    private void printButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
           streamToPrint = new StreamReader
              ("C:\\My Documents\\MyFile.txt");
              printFont = new Font("Arial", 10);
              PrintDocument pd = new PrintDocument();
              pd.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler
       catch(Exception ex) 

    // The PrintPage event is raised for each page to be printed. 
    private void pd_PrintPage(object sender, PrintPageEventArgs ev) 
       float linesPerPage = 0;
       float yPos = 0;
       int count = 0;
       float leftMargin = ev.MarginBounds.Left;
       float topMargin = ev.MarginBounds.Top;
       string line = null;

       // Calculate the number of lines per page.
       linesPerPage = ev.MarginBounds.Height / 

       // Print each line of the file. 
       while(count < linesPerPage && 
          ((line=streamToPrint.ReadLine()) != null)) 
          yPos = topMargin + (count * 
          ev.Graphics.DrawString(line, printFont, Brushes.Black, 
             leftMargin, yPos, new StringFormat());

       // If more lines exist, print another page. 
       if(line != null)
          ev.HasMorePages = true;
          ev.HasMorePages = false;

    // The Windows Forms Designer requires the following procedure. 
    private void InitializeComponent() 
       this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
       this.printButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();

       this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(504, 381);
       this.Text = "Print Example";

       printButton.ImageAlign = 
       printButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 110);
       printButton.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat;
       printButton.TabIndex = 0;
       printButton.Text = "Print the file.";
       printButton.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 40);
       printButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(printButton_Click);


    // This is the main entry point for the application. 
    public static void Main(string[] args) 
       Application.Run(new PrintingExample());

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0