Modify a Stored Procedure

Modify a Stored Procedure

 

Applies To: SQL Server 2016

Limitations and Restrictions

Transact-SQL stored procedures cannot be modified to be CLR stored procedures and vice versa.

If the previous procedure definition was created using WITH ENCRYPTION or WITH RECOMPILE, these options are enabled only if they are included in the ALTER PROCEDURE statement.

Security

Permissions

Requires ALTER PROCEDURE permission on the procedure.

You can use one of the following:

Using SQL Server Management Studio

To modify a procedure in Management Studio

  1. In Object Explorer, connect to an instance of Database Engine and then expand that instance.

  2. Expand Databases, expand the database in which the procedure belongs, and then expand Programmability.

  3. Expand Stored Procedures, right-click the procedure to modify, and then click Modify.

  4. Modify the text of the stored procedure.

  5. To test the syntax, on the Query menu, click Parse.

  6. To save the modifications to the procedure definition, on the Query menu, click Execute.

  7. To save the updated procedure definition as a Transact-SQL script, on the File menu, click Save As. Accept the file name or replace it with a new name, and then click Save.

System_CAPS_ICON_important.jpg Important


Validate all user input. Do not concatenate user input before you validate it. Never execute a command constructed from unvalidated user input.

Using Transact-SQL

To modify a procedure in Query Editor

  1. In Object Explorer, connect to an instance of Database Engine and then expand that instance.

  2. Expand Databases, expand the database in which the procedure belongs. Or, from the tool bar, select the database from the list of available databases. For this example, select the AdventureWorks2012 database.

  3. On the File menu, click New Query.

  4. Copy and paste the following example into the query editor. The example creates the uspVendorAllInfo procedure, which returns the names of all the vendors in the Adventure Works Cycles database, the products they supply, their credit ratings, and their availability.

    
    IF OBJECT_ID ( 'Purchasing.uspVendorAllInfo', 'P' ) IS NOT NULL   
        DROP PROCEDURE Purchasing.uspVendorAllInfo;  
    GO  
    CREATE PROCEDURE Purchasing.uspVendorAllInfo  
    WITH EXECUTE AS CALLER  
    AS  
        SET NOCOUNT ON;  
        SELECT v.Name AS Vendor, p.Name AS 'Product name',   
          v.CreditRating AS 'Rating',   
          v.ActiveFlag AS Availability  
        FROM Purchasing.Vendor v   
        INNER JOIN Purchasing.ProductVendor pv  
          ON v.BusinessEntityID = pv.BusinessEntityID   
        INNER JOIN Production.Product p  
          ON pv.ProductID = p.ProductID   
        ORDER BY v.Name ASC;  
    GO  
    
    
    
  5. On the File menu, click New Query.

  6. Copy and paste the following example into the query editor. The example modifies the uspVendorAllInfo procedure. The EXECUTE AS CALLER clause is removed and the body of the procedure is modified to return only those vendors that supply the specified product. The LEFT and CASE functions customize the appearance of the result set.

    ALTER PROCEDURE Purchasing.uspVendorAllInfo  
        @Product varchar(25)   
    AS  
        SET NOCOUNT ON;  
        SELECT LEFT(v.Name, 25) AS Vendor, LEFT(p.Name, 25) AS 'Product name',   
        'Rating' = CASE v.CreditRating   
            WHEN 1 THEN 'Superior'  
            WHEN 2 THEN 'Excellent'  
            WHEN 3 THEN 'Above average'  
            WHEN 4 THEN 'Average'  
            WHEN 5 THEN 'Below average'  
            ELSE 'No rating'  
            END  
        , Availability = CASE v.ActiveFlag  
            WHEN 1 THEN 'Yes'  
            ELSE 'No'  
            END  
        FROM Purchasing.Vendor AS v   
        INNER JOIN Purchasing.ProductVendor AS pv  
          ON v.BusinessEntityID = pv.BusinessEntityID   
        INNER JOIN Production.Product AS p   
          ON pv.ProductID = p.ProductID   
        WHERE p.Name LIKE @Product  
        ORDER BY v.Name ASC;  
    GO  
    
    
    
  7. To save the modifications to the procedure definition, on the Query menu, click Execute.

  8. To save the updated procedure definition as a Transact-SQL script, on the File menu, click Save As. Accept the file name or replace it with a new name, and then click Save.

  9. To run the modified stored procedure, execute the following example.

    EXEC Purchasing.uspVendorAllInfo N'LL Crankarm';  
    GO  
    
    
    

ALTER PROCEDURE (Transact-SQL)

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