Creates a push or pull merge subscription. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database.
sp_addmergesubscription [ @publication= ] 'publication' [ , [ @subscriber = ] 'subscriber' ] [ , [ @subscriber_db= ] 'subscriber_db' ] [ , [ @subscription_type= ] 'subscription_type' ] [ , [ @subscriber_type= ] 'subscriber_type' ] [ , [ @subscription_priority= ] subscription_priority ] [ , [ @sync_type= ] 'sync_type' ] [ , [ @frequency_type= ] frequency_type ] [ , [ @frequency_interval= ] frequency_interval ] [ , [ @frequency_relative_interval= ] frequency_relative_interval ] [ , [ @frequency_recurrence_factor= ] frequency_recurrence_factor ] [ , [ @frequency_subday= ] frequency_subday ] [ , [ @frequency_subday_interval= ] frequency_subday_interval ] [ , [ @active_start_time_of_day= ] active_start_time_of_day ] [ , [ @active_end_time_of_day= ] active_end_time_of_day ] [ , [ @active_start_date= ] active_start_date ] [ , [ @active_end_date= ] active_end_date ] [ , [ @optional_command_line= ] 'optional_command_line' ] [ , [ @description= ] 'description' ] [ , [ @enabled_for_syncmgr= ] 'enabled_for_syncmgr' ] [ , [ @offloadagent= ] remote_agent_activation] [ , [ @offloadserver= ] 'remote_agent_server_name' ] [ , [ @use_interactive_resolver= ] 'use_interactive_resolver' ] [ , [ @merge_job_name= ] 'merge_job_name' ] [ , [ @hostname = ] 'hostname'
- [ @publication=] 'publication'
Is the name of the publication. publication is sysname, with no default. The publication must already exist.
- [ @subscriber =] 'subscriber'
Is the name of the Subscriber. subscriber is sysname, with a default of NULL.
- [ @subscriber_db=] 'subscriber_db'
Is the name of the subscription database. subscriber_db is sysname, with a default of NULL.
- [ @subscription_type=] 'subscription_type'
Is the type of subscription. subscription_type is nvarchar(15), with a default of PUSH. If push, a push subscription is added and the Merge Agent is added at the Distributor. If pull, a pull subscription is added without adding a Merge Agent at the Distributor.
Note: Anonymous subscriptions do not need to use this stored procedure.
- [ @subscriber_type=] 'subscriber_type'
Is the type of Subscriber. subscriber_type is nvarchar(15), and can be one of the following values.
Subscriber known only to the Publisher.
Subscriber known to all servers.
In SQL Server 2005, local subscriptions are referred to as client subscriptions, and global subscriptions are referred to as server subscriptions. For more information, see the "Subscription Types" section in How Merge Replication Detects and Resolves Conflicts.
- [ @subscription_priority=] subscription_priority
Is a number indicating the priority for the subscription. subscription_priority is real, with a default of NULL. For local and anonymous subscriptions, the priority is 0.0. For global subscriptions, the priority must be less than 100.0.
- [ @sync_type=] 'sync_type'
Is the subscription synchronization type. sync_type is nvarchar(15), with a default of automatic. Can be automatic or none. If automatic, the schema and initial data for published tables are transferred to the Subscriber first. If none, it is assumed the Subscriber already has the schema and initial data for published tables. System tables and data are always transferred.
Note: We do not recommend specifying a value of none. For more information, see Initializing a Merge Subscription Without a Snapshot.
- [ @frequency_type=] frequency_type
Is a value indicating when the Merge Agent will run. frequency_type is int, and can be one of the following values.
Monthly, relative to the frequency interval
When SQL Server Agent starts
- [ @frequency_interval=] frequency_interval
The day or days that the Merge Agent runs. frequency_interval is int, and can be one of the following values.
- [ @frequency_relative_interval=] frequency_relative_interval
Is the scheduled merge occurrence of the frequency interval in each month. frequency_relative_interval is int, and can be one of these values.
- [ @frequency_recurrence_factor=] frequency_recurrence_factor
Is the recurrence factor used by frequency_type. frequency_recurrence_factor is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @frequency_subday=] frequency_subday
Is the unit for frequency_subday_interval. frequency_subday is int, and can be one of the following values.
- [ @frequency_subday_interval=] frequency_subday_interval
Is the frequency for frequency_subday to occur between each merge. frequency_subday_interval is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @active_start_time_of_day=] active_start_time_of_day
Is the time of day when the Merge Agent is first scheduled, formatted as HHMMSS. active_start_time_of_day is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @active_end_time_of_day=] active_end_time_of_day
Is the time of day when the Merge Agent stops being scheduled, formatted as HHMMSS. active_end_time_of_day is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @active_start_date=] active_start_date
Is the date when the Merge Agent is first scheduled, formatted as YYYYMMDD. active_start_date is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @active_end_date=] active_end_date
Is the date when the Merge Agent stops being scheduled, formatted as YYYYMMDD. active_end_date is int, with a default of NULL.
- [ @optional_command_line=] 'optional_command_line'
Is the optional command prompt to execute. optional_command_line is nvarchar(4000), with a default of NULL. This parameter is used to add a command that captures the output and saves it to a file or to specify a configuration file or attribute.
- [ @description=] 'description'
Is a brief description of this merge subscription. description is nvarchar(255), with a default of NULL. This value is displayed by the Replication Monitor in the Friendly Name column, which can be used to sort the subscriptions for a monitored publication.
- [ @enabled_for_syncmgr=] 'enabled_for_syncmgr'
Specifies if the subscription can be synchronized through Microsoft Windows Synchronization Manager. enabled_for_syncmgr is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE. If false, the subscription is not registered with Synchronization Manager. If true, the subscription is registered with Synchronization Manager and can be synchronized without starting Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio.
- [ @offloadagent= ] remote_agent_activation
Specifies that the agent can be activated remotely. remote_agent_activation is bit with a default of 0.
Note: This parameter has been deprecated and is only maintained for backward compatibility of scripts.
- [ @offloadserver= ] 'remote_agent_server_name'
Specifies the network name of server to be used for remote agent activation. remote_agent_server_name is sysname, with a default of NULL.
- [ @use_interactive_resolver= ] 'use_interactive_resolver'
Allows conflicts to be resolved interactively for all articles that allow interactive resolution. use_interactive_resolver is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE.
- [ @merge_job_name= ] 'merge_job_name'
Name of the Merge Agent job that is added for this subscription. merge_job_name is sysname, with a default of NULL. This parameter enables a Merge Agent job name to be provided so that this job can be administered later.
- [ @hostname= ] 'hostname'
Overrides the value returned by HOST_NAME when this function is used in the WHERE clause of a parameterized filter. Hostname is sysname, with a default of NULL.
Important: For performance reasons, we recommend that you not apply functions to column names in parameterized row filter clauses, such as
LEFT([MyColumn]) = SUSER_SNAME(). If you use HOST_NAME in a filter clause and override the HOST_NAME value, it might be necessary to convert data types using CONVERT. For more information about best practices for this case, see the section "Overriding the HOST_NAME() Value" in the topic Parameterized Row Filters.
sp_addmergesubscription is used in merge replication.
When sp_addmergesubscription is executed by a member of the sysadmin fixed server role to create a push subscription, the Merge Agent job is implicitly created and runs under the SQL Server Agent service account. We recommend that you execute sp_addmergepushsubscription_agent and specify the credentials of a different, agent-specific Windows account for @job_login and @job_password. For more information, see Replication Agent Security Model.
-- This script uses sqlcmd scripting variables. They are in the form -- $(MyVariable). For information about how to use scripting variables -- on the command line and in SQL Server Management Studio, see the -- "Executing Replication Scripts" section in the topic -- "Programming Replication Using System Stored Procedures". DECLARE @publication AS sysname; DECLARE @subscriber AS sysname; DECLARE @subscriptionDB AS sysname; DECLARE @hostname AS sysname; SET @publication = N'AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge'; SET @subscriber = $(SubServer); SET @subscriptionDB = N'AdventureWorksReplica'; SET @hostname = N'adventure-works\david8' -- Add a push subscription to a merge publication. USE [AdventureWorks] EXEC sp_addmergesubscription @publication = @publication, @subscriber = @subscriber, @subscriber_db = @subscriptionDB, @subscription_type = N'push', @hostname = @hostname; --Add an agent job to synchronize the push subscription. EXEC sp_addmergepushsubscription_agent @publication = @publication, @subscriber = @subscriber, @subscriber_db = @subscriptionDB, @job_login = $(Login), @job_password = $(Password); GO
Other ResourcesHow to: Create a Push Subscription (Replication Transact-SQL Programming)
How to: Create a Pull Subscription (Replication Transact-SQL Programming)
Interactive Conflict Resolution
Subscribing to Publications