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What's New in the Visual Basic Language for Visual Basic 6.0 Users 

Visual Basic 2005 has many new and improved language features—such as inheritance, interfaces, and overloading—making it a powerful object-oriented programming language. This page highlights some of the biggest changes and provides links to in-depth information.

NoteNote

If you are familiar with Visual Basic 6.0, see Language Changes for Visual Basic 6.0 Users for an introduction to the new concepts.

NoteTip

For a hands-on introduction to new language features in Visual Basic 2005, see Visual Basic Guided Tour.

What's New

The following are new language features in Visual Basic 2005.

Inheritance

Visual Basic 2005 supports inheritance by allowing you to define classes that serve as the basis for derived classes. Derived classes inherit and can extend on the properties and methods of the base class. They can also override inherited methods with new implementations of the base class. All classes created with Visual Basic 2005 are inheritable by default. Because the forms you design are really classes, you can use inheritance to define new forms based on existing ones. For details, see Inheritance in Visual Basic.

Exception Handling

Visual Basic 2005 supports structured exception handling, using an enhanced version of the Try...Catch...Finally syntax supported by other languages such as C++. Structured exception handling combines a modern control structure (similar to Select Case or While) with exceptions, protected blocks of code, and filters. Structured exception handling makes it easy to create and maintain programs with robust, comprehensive error handlers. For details, see Introduction to Exception Handling.

Overloading

Overloading is the ability to define properties, methods, procedures, or operators that have the same name but use different data types. You can use overloaded procedures to provide as many implementations as necessary to handle different kinds of data, while giving the appearance of a single, versatile procedure. For details, see Overloaded Properties and Methods.

Overriding Properties and Methods

The Overrides keyword allows derived objects to override characteristics inherited from parent objects. Overridden members have the same arguments as the members inherited from the base class, but they have different implementations. A member's new implementation can call the original implementation in the parent class by preceding the member name with MyBase. For details, see Overriding Properties and Methods.

Constructors and Destructors

Constructors are procedures that control initialization of new instances of a class. Conversely, destructors are methods that free system resources when a class leaves scope or is set to Nothing. Visual Basic 2005 supports constructors and destructors using the Sub New and Sub Finalize procedures. For details, see Object Lifetime: How Objects Are Created and Destroyed.

Data Types

Visual Basic 2005 introduces three new data types. The Char data type is an unsigned 16-bit quantity used to store Unicode characters. It is equivalent to the .NET Framework System.Char data type. The Short data type, a signed 16-bit integer, was named Integer in earlier versions of Visual Basic. The Decimal data type is a 96-bit signed integer scaled by a variable power of 10. In earlier versions of Visual Basic, it was available only within a Variant. In addition, Visual Basic now supports unsigned integer data types (UShort, UInteger, and ULong), as well as the signed type SByte. For details, see Data Types in Visual Basic.

Interfaces

Interfaces describe the properties and methods of classes, but unlike classes, interfaces do not provide implementations. Use the Interface statement to declare interfaces; use the Implements statement to write code that puts the items described in the interface into practice. For details, see Interfaces in Visual Basic.

Delegates

Delegates are objects that can call the methods of objects on your behalf and are sometimes described as type-safe, object-oriented function pointers. You can use delegates to let procedures specify an event handler method that runs when an event occurs. You can also use delegates with multithreaded applications. For details, see Delegates and the AddressOf Operator.

Shared Members

Shared members are properties, procedures, and fields that are shared by all instances of a class. Shared data members are useful when multiple objects need to use information that is common to all objects. You can use shared class methods without first creating an object from a class. For details, see Shared Members in Visual Basic.

References

You can use References to use objects defined in other assemblies. In Visual Basic 2005, references point to assemblies instead of type libraries. For details, see References and the Imports Statement.

Namespaces

Namespaces prevent naming conflicts by organizing classes, interfaces, and methods into hierarchies. For details, see Namespaces in Visual Basic.

Assemblies

Assemblies replace and extend the capabilities of type libraries by describing all the required files for a particular component or application. An assembly can contain one or more namespaces. For details, see Assemblies.

Attributes

You can use attributes to provide additional information about program elements. For example, you can use an attribute to specify which methods in a class should be exposed when the class is used as a XML Web service. For details, see Attributes in Visual Basic.

Multithreading

You can use Visual Basic 2005 to write applications that can perform multiple tasks independently. A task that can hold up other tasks can execute on a separate thread, a process known as multithreading. By causing complicated tasks to run on threads that are separate from your user interface, multithreading makes your applications more responsive to user input. For details, see Multithreaded Applications.

Bit Shift Operators

Visual Basic 2005 now supports arithmetic left- and right-shift operations on integral data types (Byte, Short, Integer, and Long) as well as on unsigned types (UShort, UInteger, and ULong). Arithmetic shifts are not circular, which means the bits shifted off one end of the result are not reintroduced at the other end. The corresponding assignment operators are provided as well. For details, see Bit Shift Operators and Assignment Operators.

Loop Variable Declaration

You can use Visual Basic 2005 to declare a loop variable as part of a For or For Each loop. You can include an As clause for the variable in the For or For Each statement, provided no variable of that name has been declared outside the loop. The scope of a loop variable declared in this manner is the loop itself. For details, see For...Next Statement (Visual Basic) and For Each...Next Statement (Visual Basic).

What's New in the Visual Basic Language for Visual Basic 2005

In this version of Visual Studio, new language features in Visual Basic 2005 include loop continuation, guaranteed resource disposal, mixed access properties, unsigned data types, operator overloading, generic types, and much more. For more information, see What's New in the Visual Basic Language.

See Also

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