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personalization Element for webParts (ASP.NET Settings Schema)

Specifies the Web Parts personalization provider and sets Web Parts personalization authorizations.

<personalization defaultProvider="">

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.


Attribute Description


Optional String attribute.

Sets the name of the default Web Parts personalization provider.

The default value is


Child Elements

Element Description


Optional element.

Sets the Web Parts personalization authorizations for the current Web application.


Optional element.

Sets the Web Parts personalization providers for the current Web application.

Parent Elements

Element Description


The required root element in every configuration file used by the common language runtime and .NET Framework applications.


Specifies the root element for the ASP.NET configuration settings in a configuration file. Contains configuration elements that configure ASP.NET Web applications and control how the applications behave.


Allows you to specify a Web Parts personalization provider, set personalization authorizations, and add custom classes that extend the WebPartTransformer class for use by Web Parts connections.

The following default personalization element is configured in the root Web.config file in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

    <add connectionStringName="LocalSqlServer"
      type="System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.SqlPersonalizationProvider, System.Web, 
      Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a" />

    <deny users="*" verbs="enterSharedScope" />
      <allow users="*" verbs="modifyState" />

The following example shows how to configure personalization settings for an ASP.NET application.

  <personalization defaultProvider="AspNetSqlPersonalizationProvider">
      <add name="AspNetSqlPersonalizationProvider"
      connectionStringName="LocalSqlServer" applicationName="/" />
      <deny users="*" verbs="enterSharedScope" />
      <allow users="*" verbs="modifyState" />

Providers may only be defined at the application level. However, Authorization can be defined per local directory. Therefore care must be taken when defining both elements at different scopes to ensure that their values do not conflict.

Configuration Section Handler


Configuration Member


Configurable Locations


Root level Web.config

Application level Web.config

Virtual- or physical directory level Web.config


IIS version 5.0, IIS version 5.1, and version 6.0

.NET Framework version 2.0

Visual Studio 2005