Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All
Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here.

How to: Define Event Accessor Methods

The following sample shows how you can define an event's behavior when handlers are added or removed, and for when an event is raised.

Example

// mcppv2_events6.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;

public delegate void MyDel();
public delegate int MyDel2(int, float);

ref class EventSource {
public:
   MyDel ^ pE;
   MyDel2 ^ pE2;

   event MyDel^ E {
      void add(MyDel^ p) {
         pE = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Combine(pE, p)); 
         // cannot refer directly to the event
        // E = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Combine(pE, p));   // error
      }

      void remove(MyDel^ p) {
         pE = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Remove(pE, p));
      }

      void raise() {
         if (pE != nullptr)
            pE->Invoke();
      }
   }  // E event block
   
   event MyDel2^ E2 {
      void add(MyDel2^ p2) {
         pE2 = static_cast<MyDel2^> (Delegate::Combine(pE2, p2)); 
      }

      void remove(MyDel2^ p2) {
         pE2 = static_cast<MyDel2^> (Delegate::Remove(pE2, p2));
      }

      int raise(int i, float f) {
         if (pE2 != nullptr) {
            return pE2->Invoke(i, f);
         }
         return 1;
      }
   } // E2 event block
};

public ref struct EventReceiver {
   void H1() {
      Console::WriteLine("In event handler H1");
   }

   int H2(int i, float f) {
      Console::WriteLine("In event handler H2 with args {0} and {1}", i.ToString(), f.ToString());
      return 0;
   }
};

int main() {
   EventSource ^ pE = gcnew EventSource;
   EventReceiver ^ pR = gcnew EventReceiver;

   // hook event handlers
   pE->E += gcnew MyDel(pR, &EventReceiver::H1);
   pE->E2 += gcnew MyDel2(pR, &EventReceiver::H2);

   // raise events
   pE->E();
   pE->E2::raise(1, 2.2);   // call event through scope path

   // unhook event handlers
   pE->E -= gcnew MyDel(pR, &EventReceiver::H1);
   pE->E2 -= gcnew MyDel2(pR, &EventReceiver::H2);

   // raise events, but no handlers
   pE->E();
   pE->E2::raise(1, 2.5);
}

Output

In event handler H1
In event handler H2 with args 1 and 2.2

See Also

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft