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Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here.

try-catch-finally (C# Reference)

A common usage of catch and finally together is to obtain and use resources in a try block, deal with exceptional circumstances in a catch block, and release the resources in the finally block.

For more information and examples on re-throwing exceptions, see try-catch and Throwing Exceptions.

public class EHClass
{
    void ReadFile(int index)
    {
        // To run this code, substitute a valid path from your local machine 
        string path = @"c:\users\public\test.txt";
        System.IO.StreamReader file = new System.IO.StreamReader(path);
        char[] buffer = new char[10];
        try
        {
            file.ReadBlock(buffer, index, buffer.Length);
        }
        catch (System.IO.IOException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Error reading from {0}. Message = {1}", path, e.Message);
        }

        finally
        {
            if (file != null)
            {
                file.Close();
            }
        }
        // Do something with buffer...
    }

}

For more information, see the following sections in the C# Language Specification:

  • 5.3.3.15 Try-catch-finally statements

  • 8.10 The try statement

  • 16 Exceptions

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