_strnicmp, _wcsnicmp, _mbsnicmp, _strnicmp_l, _wcsnicmp_l, _mbsnicmp_l
Compare characters of two strings without regard to case.
int _strnicmp( const char *string1, const char *string2, size_t count ); int _wcsnicmp( const wchar_t *string1, const wchar_t *string2, size_t count ); int _mbsnicmp( const unsigned char *string1, const unsigned char *string2, size_t count ); int _strnicmp_l( const char *string1, const char *string2, size_t count, _locale_t locale ); int _wcsnicmp_l( const wchar_t *string1, const wchar_t *string2, size_t count, _locale_t locale ); int _mbsnicmp_l( const unsigned char *string1, const unsigned char *string2, size_t count, _locale_t locale );
Indicates the relationship between the substrings as follows.
string1 substring less than string2 substring
string1 substring identical to string2 substring
string1 substring greater than string2 substring
On an error, _mbsnicmp returns _NLSCMPERROR, which is defined in STRING.H and MBSTRING.H.
The _strnicmp function lexicographically compares, at most, the first count characters of string1 and string2. The comparison is performed without regard to case; _strnicmp is a case-insensitive version of strncmp. The comparison ends if a terminating null character is reached in either string before count characters are compared. If the strings are equal when a terminating null character is reached in either string before count characters are compared, the shorter string is lesser.
The characters from 91 to 96 in the ASCII table ('[', '\', ']', '^', '_', and '`') will evaluate as less than any alphabetic character. This ordering is identical to that of stricmp.
_wcsnicmp and _mbsnicmp are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of _strnicmp. The arguments and return value of _wcsnicmp are wide-character strings; those of _mbsnicmp are multibyte-character strings. _mbsnicmp recognizes multibyte-character sequences according to the current multibyte code page and returns _NLSCMPERROR on an error. For more information, see Code Pages. These three functions behave identically otherwise. These functions are affected by the locale setting. The versions without the _l suffix use the current locale for their locale-dependent behavior. The versions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale passed in instead. For more information, see Locale.
All of these functions validate their parameters. If either string1 or string2 is a null pointer, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, these functions return _NLSCMPERROR and set errno to EINVAL.
_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined
<string.h> or <wchar.h>
For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.