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Compiler Warning (level 1) C4319
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Compiler Warning (level 1) C4319

'operator' : zero extending 'type' to 'type' of greater size

The result of the ~ (bitwise complement) operator is unsigned and then zero-extended when it is converted to a larger type.

In the following example, ~(a - 1) is evaluated as a 32-bit unsigned long expression and then converted to 64 bits by zero extension. This could lead to unexpected operation results.

// C4319.cpp
// compile with: cl /W4 C4319.cpp
int main() {
   unsigned long a = 0;
   unsigned long long q = 42;
   q = q & ~(a - 1);    // C4319 expected
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