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# sqrt and pow

Visual Studio 2005

Illustrates how to use the sqrt and pow Standard Template Library (STL) functions in Visual C++.

```
template<class T>
inline valarray<T> sqrt(
const valarray<T>& x
);
template<class T>
inline valarray<T> pow(
const valarray<T>& x,
const valarray<T>& y
);
template<class T>
inline valarray<T> pow(
const valarray<T> x,
const T& y
);
template<class T>
inline valarray<T> pow(
const T& x,
const valarray<T>& y
);
```

## Remarks

Note

The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

sqrt returns an object of class valarray<T>, each of whose elements at index I is the square root of x[I]. pow has three template functions. The first template function returns an object of class valarray<T>, each of whose elements at index I is x[I] raised to the power of y[I]. The second template function stores in element I x[I] raised to the power of y. The third template function stores in element I x raised to the power of y[I].

## Example

```// sqrtpow.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc

#include <iostream>                 // for i/o functions
#include <valarray>                 // for valarray
#include <cmath>                    // for sqrt() and pow()

using namespace std ;

#define ARRAY_SIZE  3               // array size

int main()
{
// Set val_array to contain values 1, 4, 9 for the following test
valarray<double> val_array(ARRAY_SIZE);
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
val_array[i] = (i+1) * (i+1);

// Display the size of val_array
cout << "Size of val_array = " << val_array.size() << endl;

// Display the values of val_array before calling sqrt() and pow().
cout << "The values in val_array:" << endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << val_array[i];
cout << " ]" << endl << endl;

// Initialize rev_valarray that is the reverse of val_array.
valarray<double> rev_valarray(ARRAY_SIZE);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
rev_valarray[i] = val_array[ARRAY_SIZE - i - 1];

// Display the size of rev_valarray.
cout << "Size of rev_valarray = " << rev_valarray.size() << endl;

// Display the values of rev_valarray.
cout << "The values in rev_valarray:" << endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << rev_valarray[i];
cout << " ]" << endl << endl;

// rvalue_array to hold the return value from calling the sqrt() and
// pow() functions.
valarray<double> rvalue_array;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------
// sqrt() - display the content of rvalue_array
// ----------------------------------------------------------------

// Display the result of val_array after calling sqrt().
rvalue_array = sqrt(val_array);
cout << "The result of val_array after calling sqrt():"
<< endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << rvalue_array[i];
cout << " ]" << endl << endl;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------
// pow() - display the content of rvalue_array
// ----------------------------------------------------------------

// This template function returns an object of class valarray<T>,
// each of whose elements at I is x[I] raised to the power of y[I].
rvalue_array = pow(val_array, rev_valarray);
cout << "The result after calling pow(val_array, rev_valarray):"
<< endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << rvalue_array[i];
cout << " ]" << endl << endl;

// This template function stores in element I x[I] raised to the
// power of y, where y=2.0.
rvalue_array = pow(val_array, 2.0);
cout << "The result after calling pow(val_array, 2.0):"
<< endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << rvalue_array[i];
cout << " ]" << endl << endl;

// This template function stores in element I x raised to the
// y[I] power, where x=2.0.
rvalue_array = pow(2.0, val_array);
cout << "The result after calling pow(2.0, val_array):"
<< endl << "[";
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
cout << " " << rvalue_array[i];
cout << " ]" << endl;
}
```

## Output

```Size of val_array = 3
The values in val_array:
[ 1 4 9 ]

Size of rev_valarray = 3
The values in rev_valarray:
[ 9 4 1 ]

The result of val_array after calling sqrt():
[ 1 2 3 ]

The result after calling pow(val_array, rev_valarray):
[ 1 256 9 ]

The result after calling pow(val_array, 2.0):
[ 1 16 81 ]

The result after calling pow(2.0, val_array):
[ 2 16 512 ]```