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The C++ language defines conversions between its fundamental types. It also defines conversions for pointer, reference, and pointer-to-member derived types. These conversions are called "standard conversions." (For more information about types, standard types, and derived types, see Types.)
This section discusses the following standard conversions:
The following code causes conversions (in this example, integral promotions):
long lnum1, lnum2; int inum; // inum promoted to type long prior to assignment. lnum1 = inum; // inum promoted to type long prior to multiplication. lnum2 = inum * lnum2;
The result of a conversion is an l-value only if it produces a reference type. For example, a user-defined conversion declared as
returns a reference and is an l-value. However, a conversion declared as
returns an object and is not an l-value.