|Important||This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here. ArchiveDisclaimer|
A view that displays database records in controls.
The view is a form view directly connected to a CDaoRecordset object. The view is created from a dialog template resource and displays the fields of the CDaoRecordset object in the dialog template's controls. The CDaoRecordView object uses dialog data exchange (DDX) and DAO record field exchange (DFX) to automate the movement of data between the controls on the form and the fields of the recordset. CDaoRecordView also supplies a default implementation for moving to the first, next, previous, or last record and an interface for updating the record currently in view.
The DAO database classes are distinct from the MFC database classes based on Open Database Connectivity (ODBC). All DAO database class names have the "CDao" prefix. You can still access ODBC data sources with the DAO classes; the DAO classes generally offer superior capabilities because they use the Microsoft Jet database engine.
The most common way to create your record view is with the Application Wizard. The Application Wizard creates both the record view class and its associated recordset class as part of your skeleton starter application.
If you simply need a single form, the Application Wizard approach is easier. ClassWizard lets you decide to use a record view later in the development process. If you don't create the record view class with the Application Wizard, you can create it later with ClassWizard. Using ClassWizard to create a record view and a recordset separately and then connect them is the most flexible approach because it gives you more control in naming the recordset class and its .H/.CPP files. This approach also lets you have multiple record views on the same recordset class.
To make it easy for end-users to move from record to record in the record view, the Application Wizard creates menu (and optionally toolbar) resources for moving to the first, next, previous, or last record. If you create a record view class with ClassWizard, you need to create these resources yourself with the menu and bitmap editors.
For information about the default implementation for moving from record to record, see IsOnFirstRecord and IsOnLastRecord and the article Using a Record View, which applies to both CRecordView and CDaoRecordView.
CDaoRecordView keeps track of the user's position in the recordset so that the record view can update the user interface. When the user moves to either end of the recordset, the record view disables user interface objects — such as menu items or toolbar buttons — for moving further in the same direction.
For more information about declaring and using your record view and recordset classes, see "Designing and Creating a Record View" in the article Record Views. For more information about how record views work and how to use them, see the article Using a Record View. All the articles mentioned above apply to both CRecordView and CDaoRecordView.