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equal_to 

A binary predicate that tests whether a value of a specified type is equal to another value of that type.


template<class Type>
   struct equal_to : public binary_function<Type, Type, bool> 
   {
      bool operator()(
         const Type& _Left, 
         const Type& _Right
      ) const;
   };

Parameters

_Left

The left operand of type Type in the equality to be tested.

_Right

The right operand of type Type in the equality to be tested.

true if _Left equals _Right; false if _Left does not equal _Right.

The objects of type Type must be equality comparable. This requires that the operator== defined on the set of objects satisfies the mathematical properties of an equivalence relation All the built-in numeric and pointer types satisfy this requirement.

// functional_equal_to.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <vector>
#include <functional>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main( )
{
   vector <double> v1, v2, v3 ( 6 );
   vector <double>::iterator Iter1, Iter2, Iter3;
   
   int i;
   for ( i = 0 ; i <= 5 ; i+=2 )
   {
      v1.push_back( 2.0 *i );
      v1.push_back( 2.0 * i + 1.0 );
   }

   int j;
   for ( j = 0 ; j <= 5 ; j+=2 )
   {
      v2.push_back( - 2.0 * j );
      v2.push_back( 2.0 * j + 1.0 );
   }

   cout << "The vector v1 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter1 = v1.begin( ) ; Iter1 != v1.end( ) ; Iter1++ )
      cout << *Iter1 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   cout << "The vector v2 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter2 = v2.begin( ) ; Iter2 != v2.end( ) ; Iter2++ )
      cout << *Iter2 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   // Testing for the element-wise equality between v1 & v2
   transform ( v1.begin( ),  v1.end( ), v2.begin( ), v3.begin ( ), 
      equal_to<double>( ) );

   cout << "The result of the element-wise equal_to comparison\n"
      << "between v1 & v2 is: ( " ;
   for ( Iter3 = v3.begin( ) ; Iter3 != v3.end( ) ; Iter3++ )
      cout << *Iter3 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;
}

Output

The vector v1 = ( 0 1 4 5 8 9 )
The vector v2 = ( -0 1 -4 5 -8 9 )
The result of the element-wise equal_to comparison
between v1 & v2 is: ( 1 1 0 1 0 1 )

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