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find_if (STL Samples) 

Illustrates how to use the find_if Standard Template Library (STL) function in Visual C++.


template<class InputIterator, class T, class Predicate> inline
   InputIterator find_if(
      InputIterator First,
      InputIterator Last,
      Predicate Predicate
   )

NoteNote

The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

The find_if algorithm locates the first element in the range [First, Last) that causes the predicate to return true and returns the iterator positioned at that element, or Last if no such element was found.

// findif.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 characters,
// okay to ignore
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

// returns true if n is an odd number
int IsOdd( int n)
{
    return n % 2 ;
}

int main()
{
    const int ARRAY_SIZE = 8 ;
    int IntArray[ARRAY_SIZE] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7 } ;
    int *location ;   // stores the position of the first
                      // element that is an odd number
    int i ;

        // print content of IntArray
    cout << "IntArray { " ;
    for(i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
        cout << IntArray[i] << ", " ;
    cout << " }" << endl ;

    // Find the first element in the range [first, last -1 ]
    // that is an odd number
    location = find_if(IntArray, IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE, IsOdd) ;

    // print the location of the first element
    // that is an odd number
    if (location != IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE)  // first odd element found
        cout << "First odd element " << *location
             << " is at location " << location - IntArray << endl;
    else         // no odd numbers in the range
        cout << "The sequence does not contain any odd numbers"
             << endl ;
}

IntArray { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7,  }
First odd element 1 is at location 0

Header: <algorithm>

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