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Übersetzung
Englisch

Control.MouseDown-Ereignis

 

Veröffentlicht: Oktober 2016

Wird ausgelöst, wenn sich der Mauszeiger über dem Steuerelement befindet und eine Maustaste gedrückt wird.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public event MouseEventHandler MouseDown

Mausereignisse treten in der folgenden Reihenfolge auf:

  1. MouseEnter

  2. MouseMove

  3. MouseHover / MouseDown / MouseWheel

  4. MouseUp

  5. MouseLeave

System_CAPS_noteHinweis

Die folgenden Ereignisse werden nicht ausgelöst, für die TabControl -Klasse, es sei denn, es ist mindestens ein TabPage in der TabControl.TabPages Auflistung: Click, DoubleClick, MouseDown, MouseUp, MouseHover, MouseEnter, MouseLeave und MouseMove. Befindet sich mindestens eine TabPage in der Auflistung, und der Benutzer interagiert mit dem Header des Registersteuerelements (, in dem die TabPage Namen angezeigt werden), wird die TabControl löst das entsprechende Ereignis. Jedoch, wenn die Benutzerinteraktion im Clientbereich der Registerkarte, ist die TabPage löst das entsprechende Ereignis.

Weitere Informationen zur Behandlung von Ereignissen finden Sie unter behandeln und Auslösen von Ereignissen.

Das folgende Codebeispiel veranschaulicht die Verwendung von verschiedenen Mausereignissen gezeichnet der Maus auf ein Panel. Ein Liniensegment hinzugefügt wird die GraphicsPath für jede MouseMove und MouseDown Ereignisse. Zum Aktualisieren der Grafik die Invalidate Methode wird aufgerufen, für die Panel auf jedem MouseDown und MouseUp Ereignis. Darüber hinaus im Grafikpfad wird durch einen Bildlauf nach oben oder unten, wenn die MouseWheel Ereignis auftritt. Zusätzliche Mausereignisse, z. B. MouseHover, werden auf dem Bildschirm auch identifiziert. Auch auf dem Bildschirm angezeigt werden zusätzliche Informationen über die Maus aus der SystemInformation Klasse.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace MouseEvent
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Panel panel1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label4;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label5;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label6;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label7;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label8;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label9;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button clearButton;
        private System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath mousePath;
        private System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox groupBox1;

        private int fontSize = 20;        

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1()
        {            
            mousePath = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath();

            this.panel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Panel();
            this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.clearButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label5 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label6 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label7 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label8 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label9 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.groupBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox();

            // Mouse Events Label
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 504);
            this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(392, 23);
            // DoubleClickSize Label
            this.label2.AutoSize = true;
            this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 48);
            this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // DoubleClickTime Label
            this.label3.AutoSize = true;
            this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 72);
            this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MousePresent Label
            this.label4.AutoSize = true;
            this.label4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 96);
            this.label4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseButtons Label
            this.label5.AutoSize = true;
            this.label5.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 120);
            this.label5.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseButtonsSwapped Label
            this.label6.AutoSize = true;
            this.label6.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 48);
            this.label6.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseWheelPresent Label
            this.label7.AutoSize = true;
            this.label7.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 72);
            this.label7.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseWheelScrollLines Label
            this.label8.AutoSize = true;
            this.label8.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 96);
            this.label8.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // NativeMouseWheelSupport Label
            this.label9.AutoSize = true;
            this.label9.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 120);
            this.label9.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);

            // Mouse Panel
            this.panel1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.panel1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
            this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 160);
            this.panel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(664, 320);
            this.panel1.MouseUp += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseUp);
            this.panel1.Paint += new System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventHandler(this.panel1_Paint);
            this.panel1.MouseEnter += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseEnter);
            this.panel1.MouseHover += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseHover);
            this.panel1.MouseMove += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseMove);
            this.panel1.MouseLeave += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseLeave);
            this.panel1.MouseDown += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseDown);
            this.panel1.MouseWheel += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseWheel);

            // Clear Button
            this.clearButton.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.clearButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(592, 504);
            this.clearButton.TabIndex = 1;
            this.clearButton.Text = "Clear";
            this.clearButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.clearButton_Click);

            // GroupBox
            this.groupBox1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.groupBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 24);
            this.groupBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(664, 128);
            this.groupBox1.Text = "System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation";

            // Set up how the form should be displayed and add the controls to the form.
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(696, 534);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                                        this.label9,this.label8,this.label7,this.label6,
                                        this.label5,this.label4,this.label3,this.label2,
                                        this.clearButton,this.panel1,this.label1,this.groupBox1});
            this.Text = "Mouse Event Example";

            // Displays information about the system mouse.
            label2.Text = "SystemInformation.DoubleClickSize: " + SystemInformation.DoubleClickSize.ToString();
            label3.Text = "SystemInformation.DoubleClickTime: " + SystemInformation.DoubleClickTime.ToString();
            label4.Text = "SystemInformation.MousePresent: " + SystemInformation.MousePresent.ToString();
            label5.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseButtons: " + SystemInformation.MouseButtons.ToString();
            label6.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseButtonsSwapped: " + SystemInformation.MouseButtonsSwapped.ToString();
            label7.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseWheelPresent: " + SystemInformation.MouseWheelPresent.ToString();
            label8.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines: " + SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines.ToString();
            label9.Text = "SystemInformation.NativeMouseWheelSupport: " + SystemInformation.NativeMouseWheelSupport.ToString();

        }

        private void panel1_MouseDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse path with the mouse information
            Point mouseDownLocation = new Point(e.X, e.Y);

            string eventString = null;
            switch (e.Button) {
                case MouseButtons.Left:
                    eventString = "L";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.Right:
                    eventString = "R";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.Middle:
                    eventString = "M";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.XButton1:
                    eventString = "X1";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.XButton2:
                    eventString = "X2";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.None:
                default:
                    break;
            }

            if (eventString != null) 
            {
                mousePath.AddString(eventString, FontFamily.GenericSerif, (int)FontStyle.Bold, fontSize, mouseDownLocation, StringFormat.GenericDefault);
            }
            else 
            {
                mousePath.AddLine(mouseDownLocation,mouseDownLocation);
            }
            panel1.Focus();
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }

        private void panel1_MouseEnter(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseEnter event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseEnter";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseHover(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseHover event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseHover";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseLeave(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseLeave event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseLeave";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseMove(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            // Update the mouse path that is drawn onto the Panel.
            int mouseX = e.X;
            int mouseY = e.Y;

            mousePath.AddLine(mouseX,mouseY,mouseX,mouseY);
        }

        private void panel1_MouseWheel(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            // Update the drawing based upon the mouse wheel scrolling.

            int numberOfTextLinesToMove = e.Delta * SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines / 120;
            int numberOfPixelsToMove = numberOfTextLinesToMove * fontSize;

            if (numberOfPixelsToMove != 0) {
                System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix translateMatrix = new  System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix();
                translateMatrix.Translate(0, numberOfPixelsToMove);
                mousePath.Transform(translateMatrix);
            }
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }
        private void panel1_MouseUp(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e) 
        {
            Point mouseUpLocation = new System.Drawing.Point(e.X, e.Y);

            // Show the number of clicks in the path graphic.
            int numberOfClicks = e.Clicks;
            mousePath.AddString("    " + numberOfClicks.ToString(), 
                        FontFamily.GenericSerif, (int)FontStyle.Bold, 
                        fontSize, mouseUpLocation, StringFormat.GenericDefault);

            panel1.Invalidate();
        }

        private void panel1_Paint(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e) 
        {    
            // Perform the painting of the Panel.
            e.Graphics.DrawPath(System.Drawing.Pens.DarkRed, mousePath);
        }

        private void clearButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            // Clear the Panel display.
            mousePath.Dispose();
            mousePath = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath();
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework
Verfügbar seit 1.1
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