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DetailsViewCommandEventHandler-Delegat
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DetailsViewCommandEventHandler-Delegat

Hinweis: Dieser Delegat ist neu in .NET Framework, Version 2.0.

Stellt die Methode dar, die das ItemCommand-Ereignis eines DetailsView-Steuerelements behandelt.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public delegate void DetailsViewCommandEventHandler (
	Object sender,
	DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e
)
/** @delegate */
public delegate void DetailsViewCommandEventHandler (
	Object sender, 
	DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e
)
JScript unterstützt die Verwendung von Delegaten, aber nicht die Deklaration von neuen Delegaten.

Parameter

sender

Die Quelle des Ereignisses.

e

Eine Instanz von DetailsViewCommandEventArgs, die die Ereignisdaten enthält.

Das DetailsView-Steuerelement löst das ItemCommand-Ereignis aus, wenn innerhalb eines der Zeilenfelder ButtonField, CommandField oder TemplateField auf eine Schaltfläche geklickt wird. Dadurch können Sie einen Ereignishandler bereitstellen, der bei jedem Auftreten dieses Ereignisses eine benutzerdefinierte Routine ausführt.

HinweisHinweis

Das DetailsView-Steuerelement löst auch andere spezielle Ereignisse aus, wenn auf bestimmte Schaltflächen geklickt wird (Schaltflächen, bei denen die CommandName-Eigenschaft auf "Delete", "Insert", "Page" oder "Update" festgelegt wurde). Wenn Sie eine dieser Schaltflächen verwenden, sollte eines der speziellen Ereignisse verwendet werden, die vom Steuerelement bereitgestellt werden (z. B. ItemDeleted oder ItemDeleting).

Beim Erstellen eines DetailsViewCommandEventHandler-Delegaten geben Sie die Methode für die Ereignisbehandlung an. Fügen Sie dem Ereignis eine Instanz des Delegaten hinzu, um das Ereignis dem Ereignishandler zuzuordnen. Der Ereignishandler wird bei jedem Eintreten des Ereignisses aufgerufen, sofern der Delegat nicht entfernt wird. Weitere Informationen zu Ereignishandlerdelegaten finden Sie unter Ereignisse und Delegaten.

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie dem ItemCommand-Ereignis eines DetailsView-Steuerelements programmgesteuert ein DetailsViewCommandEventHandler-Delegat hinzugefügt wird. In diesem Beispiel wird das Einzeldatei-Codemodell verwendet.


<%@ page language="C#" %>

<script runat="server">
  
  void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Create a new DetailsView object.
    DetailsView customerDetailsView = new DetailsView();

    // Set the DetailsView object's properties.
    customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView";
    customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource";
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = true;
    customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = true;
    customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = new String[1] { "CustomerID" };

    // Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
    ButtonField field = new ButtonField();
    field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link;
    field.CausesValidation = false;
    field.Text = "Add to List";
    field.CommandName="Add";

    customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field);

    // Programmatically register the event-handling method
    // for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
    customerDetailsView.ItemCommand 
      += new DetailsViewCommandEventHandler( 
      this.CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand);

    // Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
    // of the PlaceHolder control.
    DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView);

  }
  
  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {

    // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
    // was clicked. 
    if (e.CommandName == "Add")
    {
      // Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
      DetailsView customerDetailsView = (DetailsView)e.CommandSource;

      // Add the current customer to the customer list. 

      // Get the row that contains the company name. In this
      // example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
      // of the DetailsView control.
      DetailsViewRow row = customerDetailsView.Rows[1];

      // Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
      // In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
      // (index 1) of the row.
      String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

      // Create a ListItem object with the company name.
      ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

      // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
      // item doesn't already exist.
      if (!CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }

    }

  }
  
</script>

<html>
  <body>
    <form runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 

        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird eine CodeBehind-Codemodellversion des vorherigen Beispiels veranschaulicht. Dieses Beispiel funktioniert nur, wenn Sie den Code unten in die zugeordnete CodeBehind-Datei kopieren.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true"  CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>

<html>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="
          <%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die CodeBehind-Datei für das vorherige Beispiel veranschaulicht.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page 
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Create a new DetailsView object.
        DetailsView customerDetailsView = new DetailsView();

        // Set the DetailsView object's properties.
        customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView";
        customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource";
        customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = true;
        customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = true;
        customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = new String[1] { "CustomerID" };

        // Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
        ButtonField field = new ButtonField();
        field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link;
        field.CausesValidation = false;
        field.Text = "Add to List";
        field.CommandName = "Add";

        customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field);

        // Programmatically register the event-handling method
        // for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
        customerDetailsView.ItemCommand += new DetailsViewCommandEventHandler(this.CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand);

        // Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
        // of the PlaceHolder control.
        DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView);
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(Object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
    {

        // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        // was clicked. 
        if (e.CommandName == "Add")
        {
            // Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
            DetailsView customerDetailsView = (DetailsView)sender;

            // Add the current customer to the customer list. 

            // Get the row that contains the company name. In this
            // example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
            // of the DetailsView control.
            DetailsViewRow row = customerDetailsView.Rows[1];

            // Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
            // In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
            // (index 1) of the row.
            String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

            // Create a ListItem object with the company name.
            ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

            // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            // item doesn't already exist.
            if (!CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item))
            {
                CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item);
            }

        }

    }
}

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie dem ItemCommand-Ereignis eines DetailsView-Steuerelements deklarativ ein DetailsViewCommandEventHandler-Delegat hinzugefügt wird.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<script runat="server">

    void CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand(Object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
    {

        // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        // was clicked. 
        if (e.CommandName == "Add")
        {

            // Add the current store to the contact list. 

            // Get the row that contains the store name. In this
            // example, the store name is in the second row (index 1)  
            // of the DetailsView control.
            DetailsViewRow row = CustomerDetailView.Rows[1];

            // Get the store's name from the appropriate cell.
            // In this example, the store name is in the second cell  
            // (index 1) of the row.
            String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

            // Create a ListItem object with the store's name.
            ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

            // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            // item doesn't already exist.
            if (!ContactListBox.Items.Contains(item))
            {
                ContactListBox.Items.Add(item);
            }

        }

    }

</script>

<html>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailView" 
            DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource"
            AutoGenerateRows="false" 
            DataKeyNames="CustomerID" 
            AllowPaging="true" 
            OnItemCommand="CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand"
            runat="server">
            
            <FieldHeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
            
            <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" HeaderText="Store ID" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="Store Name" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" />
                <asp:ButtonField CommandName="Add" Text="Add Contact" />
            </Fields>
        </asp:DetailsView>
        
        <hr />
        
        Contacts:<br />
        <asp:ListBox ID="ContactListBox" runat="server" />
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

.NET Framework unterstützt nicht alle Versionen sämtlicher Plattformen. Eine Liste der unterstützten Versionen finden Sie unter Systemanforderungen.

.NET Framework

Unterstützt in: 2.0
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