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Thread.AllocateDataSlot-Methode: ()

 

Veröffentlicht: Oktober 2016

Reserviert einen unbenannten Datenslot für alle Threads. Eine höhere Leistung erzielen Sie, wenn Sie stattdessen Felder verwenden, die mit dem ThreadStaticAttribute-Attribut markiert sind.

Namespace:   System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, SharedState = true, 
	ExternalThreading = true)]
public static LocalDataStoreSlot AllocateDataSlot()

Rückgabewert

Type: System.LocalDataStoreSlot

Der reservierte benannte Datenslot für alle Threads.

System_CAPS_importantWichtig

The .NET Framework provides two mechanisms for using thread local storage (TLS): thread-relative static fields (that is, fields that are marked with the T:System.ThreadStaticAttribute attribute) and data slots. Thread-relative static fields provide much better performance than data slots, and enable compile-time type checking. For more information about using TLS, see Thread Local Storage: Thread-Relative Static Fields and Data Slots.

The slot is allocated on all threads.

Threads use a local store memory mechanism to store thread-specific data. The common language runtime allocates a multi-slot data store array to each process when it is created. The thread can allocate a data slot in the data store, store and retrieve a data value in the slot, and free the slot for reuse after the thread expires. Data slots are unique per thread. No other thread (not even a child thread) can get that data.

This section contains two code examples. The first example shows how to use a field that is marked with the T:System.ThreadStaticAttribute attribute to hold thread-specific information. The second example shows how to use a data slot to do the same thing.

First Example

The following example shows how to use a field that is marked with T:System.ThreadStaticAttribute to hold thread-specific information. This technique provides better performance than the technique that is shown in the second example.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
        {
            Thread newThread = new Thread(ThreadData.ThreadStaticDemo);
            newThread.Start();
        }
    }
}

class ThreadData
{
    [ThreadStaticAttribute]
    static int threadSpecificData;

    public static void ThreadStaticDemo()
    {
        // Store the managed thread id for each thread in the static
        // variable.
        threadSpecificData = Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId;

        // Allow other threads time to execute the same code, to show
        // that the static data is unique to each thread.
        Thread.Sleep( 1000 );

        // Display the static data.
        Console.WriteLine( "Data for managed thread {0}: {1}", 
            Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId, threadSpecificData );
    }
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Data for managed thread 4: 4
Data for managed thread 5: 5
Data for managed thread 3: 3
 */

Second Example

The following code example demonstrates how to use a data slot to store thread-specific information.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Thread[] newThreads = new Thread[4];
        for(int i = 0; i < newThreads.Length; i++)
        {
            newThreads[i] = new Thread(
                new ThreadStart(Slot.SlotTest));
            newThreads[i].Start();
        }
    }
}

class Slot
{
    static Random randomGenerator;
    static LocalDataStoreSlot localSlot;

    static Slot()
    {
        randomGenerator = new Random();
        localSlot = Thread.AllocateDataSlot();
    }

    public static void SlotTest()
    {
        // Set different data in each thread's data slot.
        Thread.SetData(localSlot, randomGenerator.Next(1, 200));

        // Write the data from each thread's data slot.
        Console.WriteLine("Data in thread_{0}'s data slot: {1,3}", 
            AppDomain.GetCurrentThreadId().ToString(),
            Thread.GetData(localSlot).ToString());

        // Allow other threads time to execute SetData to show
        // that a thread's data slot is unique to the thread.
        Thread.Sleep(1000);

        Console.WriteLine("Data in thread_{0}'s data slot: {1,3}", 
            AppDomain.GetCurrentThreadId().ToString(),
            Thread.GetData(localSlot).ToString());
    }
}

.NET Framework
Verfügbar seit 1.1
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