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Deklarative Syntax des DetailsView-Webserver-Steuerelements

Aktualisiert: November 2007

Zeigt die Werte eines einzelnen Datensatzes aus einer Datenquelle in einer Tabelle an, wobei jede Datenzeile ein Feld des Datensatzes darstellt. Mit dem DetailsView-Steuerelement können Sie Datensätze bearbeiten, löschen und einfügen.


<asp:DetailsView
    AccessKey="string"
    AllowPaging="True|False"
    AutoGenerateDeleteButton="True|False"
    AutoGenerateEditButton="True|False"
    AutoGenerateInsertButton="True|False"
    AutoGenerateRows="True|False"
    BackColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BackImageUrl="uri"
    BorderColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BorderStyle="NotSet|None|Dotted|Dashed|Solid|Double|Groove|Ridge|
        Inset|Outset"
    BorderWidth="size"
    Caption="string"
    CaptionAlign="NotSet|Top|Bottom|Left|Right"
    CellPadding="integer"
    CellSpacing="integer"
    CssClass="string"
    DataKeyNames="string"
    DataMember="string"
    DataSource="string"
    DataSourceID="string"
    DefaultMode="ReadOnly|Edit|Insert"
    EmptyDataText="string"
    Enabled="True|False"
    EnablePagingCallbacks="True|False"
    EnableTheming="True|False"
    EnableViewState="True|False"
    Font-Bold="True|False"
    Font-Italic="True|False"
    Font-Names="string"
    Font-Overline="True|False"
    Font-Size="string|Smaller|Larger|XX-Small|X-Small|Small|Medium|
        Large|X-Large|XX-Large"
    Font-Strikeout="True|False"
    Font-Underline="True|False"
    FooterText="string"
    ForeColor="color name|#dddddd"
    GridLines="None|Horizontal|Vertical|Both"
    HeaderText="string"
    Height="size"
    HorizontalAlign="NotSet|Left|Center|Right|Justify"
    ID="string"
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"
    OnDataBound="DataBound event handler"
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"
    OnInit="Init event handler"
    OnItemCommand="ItemCommand event handler"
    OnItemCreated="ItemCreated event handler"
    OnItemDeleted="ItemDeleted event handler"
    OnItemDeleting="ItemDeleting event handler"
    OnItemInserted="ItemInserted event handler"
    OnItemInserting="ItemInserting event handler"
    OnItemUpdated="ItemUpdated event handler"
    OnItemUpdating="ItemUpdating event handler"
    OnLoad="Load event handler"
    OnModeChanged="ModeChanged event handler"
    OnModeChanging="ModeChanging event handler"
    OnPageIndexChanged="PageIndexChanged event handler"
    OnPageIndexChanging="PageIndexChanging event handler"
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"
    PageIndex="integer"
    PagerSettings-FirstPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-FirstPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-LastPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-LastPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-Mode="NextPrevious|Numeric|NextPreviousFirstLast|NumericFirstLast"
    PagerSettings-NextPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-NextPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-PageButtonCount="integer"
    PagerSettings-Position="Bottom|Top|TopAndBottom"
    PagerSettings-PreviousPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-PreviousPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-Visible="True|False"
    runat="server"
    SkinID="string"
    Style="string"
    TabIndex="integer"
    ToolTip="string"
    Visible="True|False"
    Width="size"
>
        <AlternatingRowStyle />
        <CommandRowStyle />
        <EditRowStyle />
        <EmptyDataRowStyle />
        <EmptyDataTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </EmptyDataTemplate>
        <FieldHeaderStyle />
        <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ApplyFormatInEditMode="True|False"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DataField="string"
                    DataFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    HtmlEncode="True|False"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NullDisplayText="string"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:BoundField>
                <asp:ButtonField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ButtonType="Button|Image|Link"
                    CausesValidation="True|False"
                    CommandName="string"
                    DataTextField="string"
                    DataTextFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    ImageUrl="uri"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Text="string"
                    ValidationGroup="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:ButtonField>
                <asp:CheckBoxField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    DataField="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Text="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:CheckBoxField>
                <asp:CommandField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ButtonType="Button|Image|Link"
                    CancelImageUrl="uri"
                    CancelText="string"
                    CausesValidation="True|False"
                    DeleteImageUrl="uri"
                    DeleteText="string"
                    EditImageUrl="uri"
                    EditText="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertImageUrl="uri"
                    InsertText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NewImageUrl="uri"
                    NewText="string"
                    SelectImageUrl="uri"
                    SelectText="string"
                    ShowCancelButton="True|False"
                    ShowDeleteButton="True|False"
                    ShowEditButton="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    ShowInsertButton="True|False"
                    ShowSelectButton="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    UpdateImageUrl="uri"
                    UpdateText="string"
                    ValidationGroup="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:CommandField>
                <asp:DynamicField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ApplyFormatInEditMode="True|False"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DataField="string"
                    DataFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                                        HtmlEncode="True|False"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                                        NullDisplayText="string"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    UIHint="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                                </asp:DynamicField>
                <asp:HyperLinkField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    DataNavigateUrlFields="string"
                    DataNavigateUrlFormatString="string"
                    DataTextField="string"
                    DataTextFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NavigateUrl="uri"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Target="string|_blank|_parent|_search|_self|_top"
                    Text="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:HyperLinkField>
                <asp:ImageField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    AlternateText="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DataAlternateTextField="string"
                    DataAlternateTextFormatString="string"
                    DataImageUrlField="string"
                    DataImageUrlFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NullDisplayText="string"
                    NullImageUrl="uri"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:ImageField>
                <asp:TemplateField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                            <ControlStyle />
                            <FooterStyle />
                            <HeaderStyle />
                            <ItemStyle />
                        <AlternatingItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </AlternatingItemTemplate>
                        <EditItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </EditItemTemplate>
                        <FooterTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </FooterTemplate>
                        <HeaderTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </HeaderTemplate>
                        <InsertItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </InsertItemTemplate>
                        <ItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
        </Fields>
        <FooterStyle />
        <FooterTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </FooterTemplate>
        <HeaderStyle />
        <HeaderTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </HeaderTemplate>
        <InsertRowStyle />
        <PagerSettings
            FirstPageImageUrl="uri"
            FirstPageText="string"
            LastPageImageUrl="uri"
            LastPageText="string"
            Mode="NextPrevious|Numeric|NextPreviousFirstLast|
                NumericFirstLast"
            NextPageImageUrl="uri"
            NextPageText="string"
            OnPropertyChanged="PropertyChanged event handler"
            PageButtonCount="integer"
            Position="Bottom|Top|TopAndBottom"
            PreviousPageImageUrl="uri"
            PreviousPageText="string"
            Visible="True|False"
        />
        <PagerStyle />
        <PagerTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </PagerTemplate>
        <RowStyle        />
</asp:DetailsView>

Mit dem DetailsView-Steuerelement kann ein einzelner Datensatz aus einer Datenquelle in einer Tabelle angezeigt werden, wobei jedes Feld des Datensatzes in einer Zeile der Tabelle angezeigt wird. Es kann in Verbindung mit einem GridView-Steuerelement für Master-Detail-Szenarios verwendet werden.

Das DynamicField-Objekt ist ein neues in .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 eingeführtes Feld. Es kann durch ein DetailsView-Steuerelement in ASP.NET Dynamic Data-Anwendungen verwendet werden. Weitere Informationen zu Dynamic Data finden Sie unter Übersicht über ASP.NET Dynamic Data.

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein DetailsView-Steuerelement in Verbindung mit einem GridView-Steuerelement für ein einfaches Master-Detail-Szenario verwendet wird. Anschließend werden die Details eines im GridView-Steuerelement ausgewählten Elements angezeigt.

Weitere Informationen zur Verwendung des DetailsView-Steuerelements finden Sie unter Übersicht über das DetailsView-Webserversteuerelement.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <table>
        <tr>
          <td>
            <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataSourceID="Customers"
              DataKeyNames="CustomerID">
              <Columns>
                <asp:CommandField ShowSelectButton="True" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ContactName" HeaderText="ContactName" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="CompanyName" />
              </Columns>
            </asp:GridView>
          </td>
          <td valign="top">
            <asp:DetailsView ID="DetailsView1" runat="server" 
              AutoGenerateRows="True" DataKeyNames="CustomerID"
              DataSourceID="Details" Height="50px" Width="301px">
            </asp:DetailsView>
          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>
      &nbsp;&nbsp;
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="Details" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthwindConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM [Customers] WHERE ([CustomerID] = @CustomerID)">
        <SelectParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter ControlID="GridView1" Name="CustomerID" 
            PropertyName="SelectedValue"
            Type="String" />
        </SelectParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="Customers" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthwindConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [CompanyName], [ContactName], [CustomerID] FROM [Customers]">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </div>
  </form>
</body>
</html>


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