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DDL-Ereignisgruppen

Die folgende Tabelle gibt einen Überblick über die DDL-Ereignisgruppen, die zum Ausführen eines DDL-Triggers oder einer Ereignisbenachrichtigung verwendet werden können, sowie über die hiervon abgedeckten Transact-SQL-Anweisungen. Beachten Sie den inklusiven Charakter der Ereignisgruppen. Ein DDL-Trigger oder eine Ereignisbenachrichtigung, der bzw. die FOR DDL_TABLE_EVENTS (Typ 10018) angibt, deckt z.B. die Anweisungen CREATE TABLE, ALTER TABLE und DROP TABLE ab. Ein DDL-Trigger oder eine Ereignisbenachrichtigung, der bzw. die FOR DDL_TABLE_VIEW_EVENTS (Typ 10017) angibt, deckt alle Transact-SQL-Anweisungen unter den Typen DDL_TABLE_EVENTS, DDL_VIEW_EVENTS, DDL_INDEX_EVENTS und DDL_STATISTICS_EVENTS ab.

HinweisHinweis

Bestimmte gespeicherte Systemprozeduren, die DDL-ähnliche Vorgänge ausführen, können ebenfalls DDL-Trigger oder Ereignisbenachrichtigungen auslösen. Testen Sie die DDL-Trigger und Ereignisbenachrichtigungen, um ihre Reaktion auf gespeicherte Systemprozeduren, die ausgeführt werden, zu bestimmen. Die CREATE TYPE-Anweisung und die gespeicherte Prozedur sp_addtype lösen z. B. beide einen DDL-Trigger oder eine Ereignisbenachrichtigung aus, die für ein CREATE_TYPE-Ereignis erstellt wird.

Die unter DDL_DATABASE_LEVEL_EVENTS aufgeführten Ereignisse werden auf der Server- (Instanz) oder Datenbankebene ausgeführt. Die unter DDL_SERVER_LEVEL_EVENTS aufgeführten Ereignisse können nur auf der Serverebene ausgeführt werden.

parent_type

Typ

Name

NULL

296

ALTER_SERVER_CONFIGURATION

NULL

10001

DDL_EVENTS

10001

10016

|     DDL_DATABASE_LEVEL_EVENTS

10016

10027

|     |     DDL_ASSEMBLY_EVENTS

10027

102

|     |     |     ALTER_ASSEMBLY

10027

101

|     |     |     CREATE_ASSEMBLY

10027

103

|     |     |     DROP_ASSEMBLY

10016

10029

|     |     DDL_DATABASE_SECURITY_EVENTS

10029

10033

|     |     |     DDL_APPLICATION_ROLE_EVENTS

10033

138

|     |     |     |     ALTER_APPLICATION_ROLE

10033

137

|     |     |     |     CREATE_APPLICATION_ROLE

10033

139

|     |     |     |     DROP_APPLICATION_ROLE

10029

10038

|     |     |     DDL_ASYMMETRIC_KEY_EVENTS

10038

248

|     |     |     |     ALTER_ASYMMETRIC_KEY

10038

247

|     |     |     |     CREATE_ASYMMETRIC_KEY

10038

249

|     |     |     |     DROP_ASYMMETRIC_KEY

10029

10036

|     |     |     DDL_AUTHORIZATION_DATABASE_EVENTS

10036

205

|     |     |     |     ALTER_AUTHORIZATION_DATABASE

10029

10030

|     |     |     DDL_CERTIFICATE_EVENTS

10030

198

|     |     |     |     ALTER_CERTIFICATE

10030

197

|     |     |     |     CREATE_CERTIFICATE

10030

199

|     |     |     |     DROP_CERTIFICATE

10029

10039

|     |     |     DDL_CRYPTO_SIGNATURE_EVENTS

10039

257

|     |     |     |     ADD_SIGNATURE

10039

255

|     |     |     |     ADD_SIGNATURE_SCHEMA_OBJECT

10039

258

|     |     |     |     DROP_SIGNATURE

10039

256

|     |     |     |     DROP_SIGNATURE_SCHEMA_OBJECT

10029

10066

|     |     |     DDL_DATABASE_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION_EVENTS

10066

291

|     |     |     |     ALTER_DATABASE_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10066

290

|     |     |     |     CREATE_DATABASE_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10066

292

|     |     |     |     DROP_DATABASE_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10029

10062

|     |     |     DDL_DATABASE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_EVENTS

10062

279

|     |     |     |     ALTER_DATABASE_ENCRYPTION_KEY

10062

278

|     |     |     |     CREATE_DATABASE_ENCRYPTION_KEY

10062

280

|     |     |     |     DROP_DATABASE_ENCRYPTION_KEY

10029

10035

|     |     |     DDL_GDR_DATABASE_EVENTS

10035

171

|     |     |     |     DENY_DATABASE

10035

170

|     |     |     |     GRANT_DATABASE

10035

172

|     |     |     |     REVOKE_DATABASE

10029

10040

|     |     |     DDL_MASTER_KEY_EVENTS

10040

253

|     |     |     |     ALTER_MASTER_KEY

10040

252

|     |     |     |     CREATE_MASTER_KEY

10040

254

|     |     |     |     DROP_MASTER_KEY

10029

10032

|     |     |     DDL_ROLE_EVENTS

10032

207

|     |     |     |     ADD_ROLE_MEMBER

10032

135

|     |     |     |     ALTER_ROLE

10032

134

|     |     |     |     CREATE_ROLE

10032

136

|     |     |     |     DROP_ROLE

10032

208

|     |     |     |     DROP_ROLE_MEMBER

10029

10034

|     |     |     DDL_SCHEMA_EVENTS

10034

142

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SCHEMA

10034

141

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SCHEMA

10034

143

|     |     |     |     DROP_SCHEMA

10029

10037

|     |     |     DDL_SYMMETRIC_KEY_EVENTS

10037

245

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SYMMETRIC_KEY

10037

244

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SYMMETRIC_KEY

10037

246

|     |     |     |     DROP_SYMMETRIC_KEY

10029

10031

|     |     |     DDL_USER_EVENTS

10031

132

|     |     |     |     ALTER_USER

10031

131

|     |     |     |     CREATE_USER

10031

133

|     |     |     |     DROP_USER

10016

10052

|     |     DDL_DEFAULT_EVENTS

10052

218

|     |     |     BIND_DEFAULT

10052

220

|     |     |     CREATE_DEFAULT

10052

231

|     |     |     DROP_DEFAULT

10052

242

|     |     |     UNBIND_DEFAULT

10016

10026

|     |     DDL_EVENT_NOTIFICATION_EVENTS

10026

74

|     |     |     CREATE_EVENT_NOTIFICATION

10026

76

|     |     |     DROP_EVENT_NOTIFICATION

10016

10053

|     |     DDL_EXTENDED_PROPERTY_EVENTS

10053

211

|     |     |     ALTER_EXTENDED_PROPERTY

10053

222

|     |     |     CREATE_EXTENDED_PROPERTY

10053

233

|     |     |     DROP_EXTENDED_PROPERTY

10016

10054

|     |     DDL_FULLTEXT_CATALOG_EVENTS

10054

212

|     |     |     ALTER_FULLTEXT_CATALOG

10054

223

|     |     |     CREATE_FULLTEXT_CATALOG

10054

234

|     |     |     DROP_FULLTEXT_CATALOG

10016

10067

|     |     DDL_FULLTEXT_STOPLIST_EVENTS

10067

294

|     |     |     ALTER_FULLTEXT_STOPLIST

10067

293

|     |     |     CREATE_FULLTEXT_STOPLIST

10067

295

|     |     |     DROP_FULLTEXT_STOPLIST

10016

10023

|     |     DDL_FUNCTION_EVENTS

10023

62

|     |     |     ALTER_FUNCTION

10023

61

|     |     |     CREATE_FUNCTION

10023

63

|     |     |     DROP_FUNCTION

10016

10049

|     |     DDL_PARTITION_EVENTS

10049

10050

|     |     |     DDL_PARTITION_FUNCTION_EVENTS

10050

192

|     |     |     |     ALTER_PARTITION_FUNCTION

10050

191

|     |     |     |     CREATE_PARTITION_FUNCTION

10050

193

|     |     |     |     DROP_PARTITION_FUNCTION

10049

10051

|     |     |     DDL_PARTITION_SCHEME_EVENTS

10051

195

|     |     |     |     ALTER_PARTITION_SCHEME

10051

194

|     |     |     |     CREATE_PARTITION_SCHEME

10051

196

|     |     |     |     DROP_PARTITION_SCHEME

10016

10055

|     |     DDL_PLAN_GUIDE_EVENTS

10055

216

|     |     |     ALTER_PLAN_GUIDE

10055

228

|     |     |     CREATE_PLAN_GUIDE

10055

238

|     |     |     DROP_PLAN_GUIDE

10016

10024

|     |     DDL_PROCEDURE_EVENTS

10024

52

|     |     |     ALTER_PROCEDURE

10024

51

|     |     |     CREATE_PROCEDURE

10024

53

|     |     |     DROP_PROCEDURE

10016

10056

|     |     DDL_RULE_EVENTS

10056

219

|     |     |     BIND_RULE

10056

229

|     |     |     CREATE_RULE

10056

239

|     |     |     DROP_RULE

10056

243

|     |     |     UNBIND_RULE

10016

10041

|     |     DDL_SSB_EVENTS

10041

10063

|     |     |     DDL_BROKER_PRIORITY_EVENTS

10063

282

|     |     |     |     ALTER_BROKER_PRIORITY

10063

281

|     |     |     |     CREATE_BROKER_PRIORITY

10063

283

|     |     |     |     DROP_BROKER_PRIORITY

10041

10043

|     |     |     DDL_CONTRACT_EVENTS

10043

154

|     |     |     |     CREATE_CONTRACT

10043

156

|     |     |     |     DROP_CONTRACT

10041

10042

|     |     |     DDL_MESSAGE_TYPE_EVENTS

10042

152

|     |     |     |     ALTER_MESSAGE_TYPE

10042

151

|     |     |     |     CREATE_MESSAGE_TYPE

10042

153

|     |     |     |     DROP_MESSAGE_TYPE

10041

10044

|     |     |     DDL_QUEUE_EVENTS

10044

158

|     |     |     |     ALTER_QUEUE

10044

157

|     |     |     |     CREATE_QUEUE

10044

159

|     |     |     |     DROP_QUEUE

10041

10047

|     |     |     DDL_REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING_EVENTS

10047

175

|     |     |     |     ALTER_REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING

10047

174

|     |     |     |     CREATE_REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING

10047

176

|     |     |     |     DROP_REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING

10041

10046

|     |     |     DDL_ROUTE_EVENTS

10046

165

|     |     |     |     ALTER_ROUTE

10046

164

|     |     |     |     CREATE_ROUTE

10046

166

|     |     |     |     DROP_ROUTE

10041

10045

|     |     |     DDL_SERVICE_EVENTS

10045

162

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SERVICE

10045

161

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SERVICE

10045

163

|     |     |     |     DROP_SERVICE

10016

10022

|     |     DDL_SYNONYM_EVENTS

10022

34

|     |     |     CREATE_SYNONYM

10022

36

|     |     |     DROP_SYNONYM

10016

10017

|     |     DDL_TABLE_VIEW_EVENTS

10017

10020

|     |     |     DDL_INDEX_EVENTS

10020

213

|     |     |     |     ALTER_FULLTEXT_INDEX

10020

25

|     |     |     |     ALTER_INDEX

10020

224

|     |     |     |     CREATE_FULLTEXT_INDEX

10020

24

|     |     |     |     CREATE_INDEX

10020

274

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SPATIAL_INDEX

10020

206

|     |     |     |     CREATE_XML_INDEX

10020

235

|     |     |     |     DROP_FULLTEXT_INDEX

10020

26

|     |     |     |     DROP_INDEX

10017

10021

|     |     |     DDL_STATISTICS_EVENTS

10021

27

|     |     |     |     CREATE_STATISTICS

10021

29

|     |     |     |     DROP_STATISTICS

10021

28

|     |     |     |     UPDATE_STATISTICS

10017

10018

|     |     |     DDL_TABLE_EVENTS

10018

22

|     |     |     |     ALTER_TABLE

10018

21

|     |     |     |     CREATE_TABLE

10018

23

|     |     |     |     DROP_TABLE

10017

10019

|     |     |     DDL_VIEW_EVENTS

10019

42

|     |     |     |     ALTER_VIEW

10019

41

|     |     |     |     CREATE_VIEW

10019

43

|     |     |     |     DROP_VIEW

10016

10025

|     |     DDL_TRIGGER_EVENTS

10025

72

|     |     |     ALTER_TRIGGER

10025

71

|     |     |     CREATE_TRIGGER

10025

73

|     |     |     DROP_TRIGGER

10016

10028

|     |     DDL_TYPE_EVENTS

10028

91

|     |     |     CREATE_TYPE

10028

93

|     |     |     DROP_TYPE

10016

10048

|     |     DDL_XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION_EVENTS

10048

178

|     |     |     ALTER_XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION

10048

177

|     |     |     CREATE_XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION

10048

179

|     |     |     DROP_XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION

10016

241

|     |     RENAME

10001

10002

|     DDL_SERVER_LEVEL_EVENTS

10002

214

|     |     ALTER_INSTANCE

10002

10004

|     |     DDL_DATABASE_EVENTS

10004

202

|     |     |     ALTER_DATABASE

10004

201

|     |     |     CREATE_DATABASE

10004

203

|     |     |     DROP_DATABASE

10002

10003

|     |     DDL_ENDPOINT_EVENTS

10003

182

|     |     |     ALTER_ENDPOINT

10003

181

|     |     |     CREATE_ENDPOINT

10003

183

|     |     |     DROP_ENDPOINT

10002

10057

|     |     DDL_EVENT_SESSION_EVENTS

10057

265

|     |     |     ALTER_EVENT_SESSION

10057

264

|     |     |     CREATE_EVENT_SESSION

10057

266

|     |     |     DROP_EVENT_SESSION

10002

10011

|     |     DDL_EXTENDED_PROCEDURE_EVENTS

10011

221

|     |     |     CREATE_EXTENDED_PROCEDURE

10011

232

|     |     |     DROP_EXTENDED_PROCEDURE

10002

10012

|     |     DDL_LINKED_SERVER_EVENTS

10012

263

|     |     |     ALTER_LINKED_SERVER

10012

225

|     |     |     CREATE_LINKED_SERVER

10012

10013

|     |     |     DDL_LINKED_SERVER_LOGIN_EVENTS

10013

226

|     |     |     |     CREATE_LINKED_SERVER_LOGIN

10013

236

|     |     |     |     DROP_LINKED_SERVER_LOGIN

10012

262

|     |     |     DROP_LINKED_SERVER

10002

10014

|     |     DDL_MESSAGE_EVENTS

10014

215

|     |     |     ALTER_MESSAGE

10014

227

|     |     |     CREATE_MESSAGE

10014

237

|     |     |     DROP_MESSAGE

10002

10015

|     |     DDL_REMOTE_SERVER_EVENTS

10015

217

|     |     |     ALTER_REMOTE_SERVER

10015

230

|     |     |     CREATE_REMOTE_SERVER

10015

240

|     |     |     DROP_REMOTE_SERVER

10002

10058

|     |     DDL_RESOURCE_GOVERNOR_EVENTS

10058

273

|     |     |     ALTER_RESOURCE_GOVERNOR_CONFIG

10058

10059

|     |     |     DDL_RESOURCE_POOL

10059

268

|     |     |     |     ALTER_RESOURCE_POOL

10059

267

|     |     |     |     CREATE_RESOURCE_POOL

10059

269

|     |     |     |     DROP_RESOURCE_POOL

10058

10060

|     |     |     DDL_WORKLOAD_GROUP

10060

271

|     |     |     |     ALTER_WORKLOAD_GROUP

10060

270

|     |     |     |     CREATE_WORKLOAD_GROUP

10060

272

|     |     |     |     DROP_WORKLOAD_GROUP

10002

10005

|     |     DDL_SERVER_SECURITY_EVENTS

10005

209

|     |     |     ADD_SERVER_ROLE_MEMBER

10005

10008

|     |     |     DDL_AUTHORIZATION_SERVER_EVENTS

10008

204

|     |     |     |     ALTER_AUTHORIZATION_SERVER

10005

10009

|     |     |     DDL_CREDENTIAL_EVENTS

10009

260

|     |     |     |     ALTER_CREDENTIAL

10009

259

|     |     |     |     CREATE_CREDENTIAL

10009

261

|     |     |     |     DROP_CREDENTIAL

10005

10061

|     |     |     DDL_CRYPTOGRAPHIC_PROVIDER_EVENTS

10061

276

|     |     |     |     ALTER_CRYPTOGRAPHIC_PROVIDER

10061

275

|     |     |     |     CREATE_CRYPTOGRAPHIC_PROVIDER

10061

277

|     |     |     |     DROP_CRYPTOGRAPHIC_PROVIDER

10005

10007

|     |     |     DDL_GDR_SERVER_EVENTS

10007

168

|     |     |     |     DENY_SERVER

10007

167

|     |     |     |     GRANT_SERVER

10007

169

|     |     |     |     REVOKE_SERVER

10005

10006

|     |     |     DDL_LOGIN_EVENTS

10006

145

|     |     |     |     ALTER_LOGIN

10006

144

|     |     |     |     CREATE_LOGIN

10006

146

|     |     |     |     DROP_LOGIN

10005

10064

|     |     |     DDL_SERVER_AUDIT_EVENTS

10064

285

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SERVER_AUDIT

10064

284

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SERVER_AUDIT

10064

286

|     |     |     |     DROP_SERVER_AUDIT

10005

10065

|     |     |     DDL_SERVER_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION_EVENTS

10065

288

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SERVER_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10065

287

|     |     |     |     CREATE_SERVER_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10065

289

|     |     |     |     DROP_SERVER_AUDIT_SPECIFICATION

10005

10010

|     |     |     DDL_SERVICE_MASTER_KEY_EVENTS

10010

251

|     |     |     |     ALTER_SERVICE_MASTER_KEY

10005

210

|     |     |     DROP_SERVER_ROLE_MEMBER

Diese Liste kann durch Ausführen des folgenden Beispiels erstellt werden.

WITH DirectReports(name, parent_type, type, level, sort) AS 
(
    SELECT CONVERT(varchar(255),type_name), parent_type, type, 1, CONVERT(varchar(255),type_name)
    FROM sys.trigger_event_types 
    WHERE parent_type IS NULL
    UNION ALL
    SELECT  CONVERT(varchar(255), REPLICATE ('|   ' , level) + e.type_name),
        e.parent_type, e.type, level + 1,
    CONVERT (varchar(255), RTRIM(sort) + '|   ' + e.type_name)
    FROM sys.trigger_event_types AS e
        INNER JOIN DirectReports AS d
        ON e.parent_type = d.type 
)
SELECT parent_type, type, name
FROM DirectReports
ORDER BY sort;

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