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Application.DMin Method (Access)

office 365 dev account|Last Updated: 6/12/2017
1 Contributor

You can use DMin function to determine minnimum value in a specified set of records (a domain). .


expression. DMin( ** Expr, ** Domain, ** Criteria** )

expression A variable that represents an Application object.


NameRequired/OptionalData TypeDescription
ExprRequiredStringAn expression that identifies the field for which you want to find the minimum or maximum value. It can be a string expression identifying a field in a table or query, or it can be an expression that performs calculation on data in that field . In expr, you can include the name of a field in a table, a control on a form, a constant, or a function. If expr includes a function, it can be either built-in or user-defined, but not another domain aggregate or SQL aggregate function.
DomainRequiredStringA string expression identifying the set of records that constitutes the domain. It can be a table name or a query name for a query that does not require a parameter.
CriteriaOptionalVariantAn optional string expression used to restrict the range of data on which the DMin function is performed. For example, criteria is often equivalent to the WHERE clause in an SQL expression, without the word WHERE. If criteria is omitted, the DMin function evaluates expr against the entire domain. Any field that is included in criteria must also be a field in domain, otherwise the DMin function returns a Null.

Return Value



For example, you could use the DMin function in calculated controls on a report to display smallest order amount for a particular customer. Or you could use the DMin function in a query expression to display all orders with a discount greater than the minimum possible discount.

The DMin function returns the minimum values that satisfy criteria. If expr identifies numeric data, the DMin function returns numeric values. If expr identifies string data, they return the string that is first or last alphabetically.

The DMin function ignores Null values in the field referenced by expr. However, if no record satisfies criteria or if domain contains no records, the DMin function returns a Null.

You can use the DMin function to specify criteria in the Criteria row of a query, in a calculated field expression in a query, or in the Update To row of an update query.

Note You can use the DMin function or the Min function in a calculated field expression of a totals query. If you use the DMin function, values are evaluated before the data is grouped. If you use the Min function, the data is grouped before values in the field expression are evaluated.

If you simply want to find the minimum or maximum value of all records in domain, use the Min or Max function.

Although you can use the DMin or DMax function to find the minimum or maximum value from a field in a foreign table, it may be more efficient to create a query that contains the fields that you need from both tables and base your form or report on that query.


The following example returns the lowest and highest values from the Freight field for orders shipped to the United Kingdom. The domain is an Orders table. The criteria argument restricts the resulting set of records to those for which ShipCountry equals UK.

Dim curX As Currency 
Dim curY As Currency 

curX = DMin("[Freight]", "Orders", "[ShipCountry] = 'UK'") 
curY = DMax("[Freight]", "Orders", "[ShipCountry] = 'UK'")

In the next example, the criteria expression includes a variable, dteOrderDate. Note that number signs (#) are included in the string expression, so that when the strings are concatenated, they will enclose the date.

Dim dteOrderDate As Date 
Dim curX As Currency 

dteOrderDate = #03/30/2000# 
curX = DMin("[Freight]", "Orders", _ 
    "[OrderDate] = #" &; dteOrderDate &; "#")

The following examples show how to use various types of criteria with the DMin function.

Sample code provided by:Community Member Icon TheUtterAccess community

    ' ***************************
    ' Typical Use
    ' Numerical values. Replace "number" with the number to use.
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = number")

    ' Strings.
    ' Numerical values. Replace "string" with the string to use.
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria]= 'string'")

    ' Dates. Replace "date" with the string to use.
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria]= #date#")
    ' ***************************

    ' ***************************
    ' Referring to a control on a form
    ' Numerical values
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = " &; Forms!FormName!ControlName)

    ' Strings
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = '" &; Forms!FormName!ControlName &; "'")

    ' Dates
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = #" &; Forms!FormName!ControlName &; "#")
    ' ***************************

    ' ***************************
    ' Combinations
    ' Multiple types of criteria
    variable = DMin("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria1] = " &; Forms![FormName]![Control1] _
             &; " AND [Criteria2] = '" &; Forms![FormName]![Control2] &; "'" _
            &; " AND [Criteria3] =#" &; Forms![FormName]![Control3] &; "#")

    ' Use two fields from a single record.
    variable = DMin("[LastName] &; ', ' &; [FirstName]", "tblPeople", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")

    ' Expressions
    variable = DMin("[Field1] + [Field2]", "tableName", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")

    ' Control Structures
    variable = DMin("IIf([LastName] Like 'Smith', 'True', 'False')", "tableName", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")
    ' ***************************

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See also


Application Object

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