Queryable.OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey> Method (IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)


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Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Namespace:   System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>(
	this IQueryable<TSource> source,
	Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector,
	IComparer<TKey> comparer


Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource>

A sequence of values to order.

Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>

A function to extract a key from an element.

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<TKey>

An IComparer<T> to compare keys.

Return Value

Type: System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource>

An IOrderedQueryable<T> whose elements are sorted in descending order according to a key.

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of source.


The type of the key returned by the function that is represented by keySelector.

Exception Condition

source or keySelector or comparer is null.

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T, TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. The result of calling CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable<T> and returned.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it sorts the elements of source in descending order, based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source. The comparer parameter is used to compare keys.

The following code example demonstrates how to use OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) to sort the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a custom comparer.

/// <summary>
/// This IComparer class sorts by the fractional part of the decimal number.
/// </summary>
public class SpecialComparer : IComparer<decimal>
    /// <summary>
    /// Compare two decimal numbers by their fractional parts.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d1">The first decimal to compare.</param>
    /// <param name="d2">The second decimal to compare.</param>
    /// <returns>1 if the first decimal's fractional part 
    /// is greater than the second decimal's fractional part,
    /// -1 if the first decimal's fractional
    /// part is less than the second decimal's fractional part,
    /// or the result of calling Decimal.Compare()
    /// if the fractional parts are equal.</returns>
    public int Compare(decimal d1, decimal d2)
        decimal fractional1, fractional2;

        // Get the fractional part of the first number.
            fractional1 = decimal.Remainder(d1, decimal.Floor(d1));
        catch (DivideByZeroException)
            fractional1 = d1;
        // Get the fractional part of the second number.
            fractional2 = decimal.Remainder(d2, decimal.Floor(d2));
        catch (DivideByZeroException)
            fractional2 = d2;

        if (fractional1 == fractional2)
            return Decimal.Compare(d1, d2);
        else if (fractional1 > fractional2)
            return 1;
            return -1;

public static void OrderByDescendingEx1()
    List<decimal> decimals =
        new List<decimal> { 6.2m, 8.3m, 0.5m, 1.3m, 6.3m, 9.7m };

    // Sort the decimal values in descending order
    // by using a custom comparer.
    IEnumerable<decimal> query =
        .OrderByDescending(num => num, new SpecialComparer());

    foreach (decimal num in query)

    This code produces the following output:


Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 3.5
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.1
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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