XmlTextWriter.WriteStartAttribute Method (String, String, String)

 

Writes the start of an attribute.

Namespace:   System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public override void WriteStartAttribute(
	string prefix,
	string localName,
	string ns
)

Parameters

prefix
Type: System.String

Namespace prefix of the attribute.

localName
Type: System.String

LocalName of the attribute.

ns
Type: System.String

NamespaceURI of the attribute

Exception Condition
ArgumentException

localName is either null or String.Empty.

System_CAPS_noteNote

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, we recommend that you create XmlWriter instances by using the XmlWriter.Create method and the XmlWriterSettings class to take advantage of new functionality.

This is a more advanced version of WriteAttributeString that allows you to write an attribute value using multiple write methods, such as WriteString.

The following example writes out a book.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  private const string filename = "sampledata.xml";

  public static void Main()
  {

     XmlTextWriter writer = new XmlTextWriter (filename, null);
     //Use indenting for readability.
     writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;

     writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment");

     //Write an element (this one is the root).
     writer.WriteStartElement("bookstore");

     //Write the namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", null, "urn:samples");

     writer.WriteStartElement("book");

     //Lookup the prefix and then write the ISBN attribute.
     string prefix = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
     writer.WriteStartAttribute(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");
     writer.WriteString("1-861003-78");
     writer.WriteEndAttribute();     

     //Write the title.
     writer.WriteStartElement("title");
     writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale");
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the price.
     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

     //Write the style element.
     writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "style", "urn:samples");
     writer.WriteString("hardcover");
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the end tag for the book element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush();
     writer.Close();

     //Read the file back in and parse to ensure well formed XML.
     XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
     //Preserve white space for readability.
     doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
     //Load the file
     doc.Load(filename);

     //Write the XML content to the console.
     Console.Write(doc.InnerXml);  

  }

}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Return to top
Show: