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XNode.PreviousNode Property

Gets the previous sibling node of this node.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Linq
Assemblies:   System.Xml.XDocument (in System.Xml.XDocument.dll)
  System.Xml.Linq (in System.Xml.Linq.dll)

public XNode PreviousNode { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Xml.Linq.XNode
The XNode that contains the previous sibling node.

If this XNode does not have a parent, or if there is no previous node, this property returns null.

The XContainer stores its child nodes as a singly-linked list of XNode objects. This means that the PreviousNode property must traverse the list of direct child nodes under the parent container. Therefore, using this property might affect your performance.

The following example uses this property to loop through nodes.

XElement xmlTree = new XElement("Root",
    new XElement("Child1", 1),
    new XText("Some Text"),
    new XElement("Child2",
        2,
        new XElement("GrandChild", "GrandChild Content")
    ),
    new XComment("a comment"),
    new XElement("Child3")
);
XNode node = xmlTree.Element("Child2");
do {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.Append(String.Format("NodeType: {0}", node.NodeType.ToString().PadRight(10)));
    switch (node.NodeType)
    {
        case XmlNodeType.Text:
            sb.Append((node as XText).Value);
            break;
        case XmlNodeType.Element:
            sb.Append((node as XElement).Name);
            break;
        case XmlNodeType.Comment:
            sb.Append((node as XComment).Value);
            break;
    }
    Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
}
while ((node = node.PreviousNode) != null);

This example produces the following output:

NodeType: Element   Child2
NodeType: Text      Some Text
NodeType: Element   Child1

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
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