ProxyWebPartManager Class

 

Provides a way for developers to declare static connections in a content page when a WebPartManager control has been declared in the content page's associated master page.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

System.Object
  System.Web.UI.Control
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.ProxyWebPartManager

[BindableAttribute(false)]
public class ProxyWebPartManager : Control

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodProxyWebPartManager()

Initializes a new instance of the ProxyWebPartManager class.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protpropertyAdapter

Gets the browser-specific adapter for the control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory

Gets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyBindingContainer

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyChildControlsCreated

Gets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyClientID

Gets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET.(Overrides Control.ClientID.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyClientIDMode

Gets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyClientIDSeparator

Gets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyContext

Gets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyControls

Gets a ControlCollection object that represents the child controls for a specified server control in the UI hierarchy.(Overrides Control.Controls.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDataItemContainer

Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDataKeysContainer

Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyDesignMode

Gets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyEnableTheming

Overrides the base property to prevent themes from being used.(Overrides Control.EnableTheming.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyEnableViewState

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyEvents

Gets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyHasChildViewState

Gets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyID

Gets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIdSeparator

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsChildControlStateCleared

Gets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsTrackingViewState

Gets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsViewStateEnabled

Gets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyLoadViewStateByID

Gets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyNamingContainer

Gets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyPage

Gets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyParent

Gets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyRenderingCompatibility

Gets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySite

Gets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySkinID

Overrides the base property to prevent a value from being assigned.(Overrides Control.SkinID.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyStaticConnections

Gets a collection of static connections declared within the <asp:proxywebpartmanager> element on a content page.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTemplateControl

Gets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTemplateSourceDirectory

Gets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUniqueID

Gets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyValidateRequestMode

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyViewState

Gets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyViewStateIgnoresCase

Gets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyViewStateMode

Gets or sets the view-state mode of this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyVisible

Overrides the base property to prevent a value from being assigned.(Overrides Control.Visible.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protmethodAddedControl(Control, Int32)

Called after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodAddParsedSubObject(Object)

Notifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodApplyStyleSheetSkin(Page)

Applies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodBeginRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

Begins design-time tracing of rendering data.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodBuildProfileTree(String, Boolean)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearCachedClientID()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Sets the cached ClientID value to null.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildControlState()

Deletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildState()

Deletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildViewState()

Deletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearEffectiveClientIDMode()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodCreateChildControls()

Called by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodCreateControlCollection()

Overrides the base property to prevent the ProxyWebPartManager control from containing controls.(Overrides Control.CreateControlCollection().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDataBind()

Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodDataBind(Boolean)

Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodDataBindChildren()

Binds a data source to the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDispose()

Enables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEndRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

Ends design-time tracing of rendering data.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEnsureChildControls()

Determines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEnsureID()

Creates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindControl(String)

Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFindControl(String, Int32)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFocus()

Overrides the base method to prevent the method from being called.(Overrides Control.Focus().)

System_CAPS_protmethodGetDesignModeState()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets design-time data for a control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(Object)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetUniqueIDRelativeTo(Control)

Returns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodHasControls()

Determines if the server control contains any child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodHasEvents()

Returns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodIsLiteralContent()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Determines if the server control holds only literal content.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodLoadControlState(Object)

Restores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState method.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodLoadViewState(Object)

Restores view-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveViewState method.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMapPathSecure(String)

Retrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

Determines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnDataBinding(EventArgs)

Raises the DataBinding event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnInit(EventArgs)

Raises the Init event and initializes the control.(Overrides Control.OnInit(EventArgs).)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnLoad(EventArgs)

Raises the Load event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnPreRender(EventArgs)

Raises the PreRender event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnUnload(EventArgs)

Raises the Unload event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOpenFile(String)

Gets a Stream used to read a file.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRaiseBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

Assigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRemovedControl(Control)

Called after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRender(HtmlTextWriter)

Sends server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRenderChildren(HtmlTextWriter)

Outputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)

Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)

Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodResolveAdapter()

Gets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodResolveClientUrl(String)

Gets a URL that can be used by the browser.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodResolveUrl(String)

Converts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSaveControlState()

Saves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSaveViewState()

Saves any server control view-state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

Sets design-time data for a control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetRenderMethodDelegate(RenderMethod)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetTraceData(Object, Object)

Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)

Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodTrackViewState()

Causes tracking of view-state changes to the server control so they can be stored in the server control's StateBag object. This object is accessible through the Control.ViewState property.(Inherited from Control.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubeventDataBinding

Occurs when the server control binds to a data source.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventDisposed

Occurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventInit

Occurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventLoad

Occurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventPreRender

Occurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventUnload

Occurs when the server control is unloaded from memory.(Inherited from Control.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState()

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl(Control)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object)

For a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder

For a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserData

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings

For a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings

For a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIExpressionsAccessor.Expressions

For a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions

For a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodFindDataSourceControl()

Returns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindFieldTemplate(String)

Returns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindMetaTable()

Returns the metatable object for the containing data control.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

The ProxyWebPartManager control exists for the particular scenario of declaring static connections in content pages when a WebPartManager control has already been declared in a master page.

By design, a Web page that uses Web Parts controls must contain one (and only one) WebPartManager control that manages all Web Parts controls on the page. When a Web Parts application uses master pages, it is common to place the WebPartManager control in the master page, because all the content pages are merged with the master page at run time and the single WebPartManager control will manage all the Web Parts controls from all content pages. However, when developers want to declare static connections in the content pages of such an application, they might seem to face a limitation. A static Web Parts connection can be declared only by adding an <asp:webpartconnection> element as a child of a <staticconnections> element, which itself must be a child of a <asp:webpartmanager> element. But because the WebPartManager control was already declared in the master page, and is the one permitted WebPartManager control, developers cannot declare additional WebPartManager controls in the content pages to add static connections.

The ProxyWebPartManager control takes the place of the WebPartManager control in this scenario. Developers declare an <asp:proxywebpartmanager> element instead of an <asp:webpartmanager> element in their content pages, and can then declare static connections as child elements. At run time, the connections in the ProxyWebPartManager control are simply added to the StaticConnections collection of the WebPartManager control and treated like any other connection.

Because the ProxyWebPartManager control is used only in this particular development scenario, it has more limited functionality than the WebPartManager class. In fact, although the ProxyWebPartManager control acts as a proxy to contain static connections for the WebPartManager control in content pages, it does not inherit from the WebPartManager control. It inherits directly from the Control class, and overrides only a few of the base members. The EnableTheming, Visible, and SkinID properties are overridden and assigned values that prevent them from being used. Other inherited properties are overridden to adjust their design-time behavior, but otherwise they have the same behavior as the base properties. These include the Controls and ClientID properties. Finally, the ProxyWebPartManager class has one non-inherited property. The StaticConnections property returns its own collection of static connections (a ProxyWebPartConnectionCollection object).

As for methods, the ProxyWebPartManager class similarly overrides only a few methods, mostly to restrict their use. The inherited Focus method is made unusable by throwing an exception if called. The CreateControlCollection method always returns an empty control collection, which has the effect of preventing it from being able to contain a collection of controls. Finally, the OnInit method calls the base method, and then assigns the collection of connections referenced by the StaticConnections property to the WebPartManager.StaticConnections property of the WebPartManager control. This has the effect of rolling up all the static connections declared in all content pages and making them part of the connections collection maintained by the WebPartManager control in the master page.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the ProxyWebPartManager class to declare static connections on content pages in an application that uses master pages. The example has five parts:

  • A user control that enables you to change the Web Parts display mode on a page.

  • Source code for an interface and two WebPart controls acting as the provider and the consumer for a connection.

  • A master Web page that hosts the user control, the content pages, and the WebPartManager control for the application.

  • A content Web page that hosts a ProxyWebPartManager control, the two custom WebPart controls, and a static connection to connect the two controls.

  • An explanation of how to run the example page.

The first part of this code example is the user control that enables users to change display modes on a Web page. Save the following source code to an .ascx file, giving it the file name that is assigned to the Src attribute of the Register directive for this user control, which is near the top of the hosting master page. For details about display modes and a description of the source code in this control, see Walkthrough: Changing Display Modes on a Web Parts Page.

<%@ control language="C#" classname="DisplayModeMenuCS"%>
<script runat="server">

 // Use a field to reference the current WebPartManager.
  WebPartManager _manager;

  void Page_Init(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Page.InitComplete += new EventHandler(InitComplete);
  }  

  void InitComplete(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager = WebPartManager.GetCurrentWebPartManager(Page);

    String browseModeName = WebPartManager.BrowseDisplayMode.Name;

    // Fill the dropdown with the names of supported display modes.
    foreach (WebPartDisplayMode mode in _manager.SupportedDisplayModes)
    {
      String modeName = mode.Name;
      // Make sure a mode is enabled before adding it.
      if (mode.IsEnabled(_manager))
      {
        ListItem item = new ListItem(modeName, modeName);
        DisplayModeDropdown.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }

    // If shared scope is allowed for this user, display the scope-switching
    // UI and select the appropriate radio button for the current user scope.
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope)
    {
      Panel2.Visible = true;
      if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
        RadioButton1.Checked = true;
      else
        RadioButton2.Checked = true;
    }

  }

  // Change the page to the selected display mode.
  void DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    String selectedMode = DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedValue;

    WebPartDisplayMode mode = _manager.SupportedDisplayModes[selectedMode];
    if (mode != null)
      _manager.DisplayMode = mode;
  }

  // Set the selected item equal to the current display mode.
  void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    ListItemCollection items = DisplayModeDropdown.Items;
    int selectedIndex = 
      items.IndexOf(items.FindByText(_manager.DisplayMode.Name));
    DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedIndex = selectedIndex;
  }

  // Reset all of a user's personalization data for the page.
  protected void LinkButton1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager.Personalization.ResetPersonalizationState();
  }

  // If not in User personalization scope, toggle into it.
  protected void RadioButton1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.Shared)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }

  // If not in Shared scope, and if user is allowed, toggle the scope.
  protected void RadioButton2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope && 
        _manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }
</script>
<div>
  <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" 
    Borderwidth="1" 
    Width="230" 
    BackColor="lightgray"
    Font-Names="Verdana, Arial, Sans Serif" >
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
      Text="&nbsp;Display Mode" 
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8"
      Width="120" 
      AssociatedControlID="DisplayModeDropdown"/>
    <asp:DropDownList ID="DisplayModeDropdown" runat="server"  
      AutoPostBack="true" 
      Width="120"
      OnSelectedIndexChanged="DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged" />
    <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" runat="server"
      Text="Reset User State" 
      ToolTip="Reset the current user's personalization data for the page."
      Font-Size="8" 
      OnClick="LinkButton1_Click" />
    <asp:Panel ID="Panel2" runat="server" 
      GroupingText="Personalization Scope"
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8" 
      Visible="false" >
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton1" runat="server" 
        Text="User" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton1_CheckedChanged" />
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton2" runat="server" 
        Text="Shared" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" 
        OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton2_CheckedChanged" />
    </asp:Panel>
  </asp:Panel>
</div>

The second part of the code example is the source code for the interface and controls. The source file contains a simple interface named IZipCode. There is also a WebPart class named ZipCodeWebPart that implements the interface and acts as the provider control. Its ProvideIZipCode method is the callback method that implements the interface's only member. The method simply returns an instance of the interface. Note that the method is marked with a ConnectionProvider attribute in its metadata. This is the mechanism for identifying the method as the callback method for the provider's connection point. The other WebPart class is named WeatherWebPart, and it acts as the consumer for the connection. This class has a method named GetZipCode that gets an instance of the IZipCode interface from the provider control. Note that this method is marked as the consumer's connection point method with a ConnectionConsumer attribute in its metadata.

For the code example to run, you must compile this source code. You can compile it explicitly and put the resulting assembly in your Web site's Bin folder or the global assembly cache. Alternatively, you can put the source code in your site's App_Code folder, where it will be dynamically compiled at run time. This code example uses dynamic compilation. For a walkthrough that demonstrates how to compile, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
  using System;
  using System.Web;
  using System.Web.Security;
  using System.Security.Permissions;
  using System.Web.UI;
  using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public interface IZipCode
  {
    string ZipCode { get; set;}
  }


  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class ZipCodeWebPart : WebPart, IZipCode
  {
    string zipCodeText = String.Empty;
    TextBox input;
    Button send;

    public ZipCodeWebPart()
    {
    }

    // Make the implemented property personalizable to save 
    // the Zip Code between browser sessions.
    [Personalizable()]
    public virtual string ZipCode
    {
      get { return zipCodeText; }
      set { zipCodeText = value; }
    }

    // This is the callback method that returns the provider.
    [ConnectionProvider("Zip Code Provider", "ZipCodeProvider")]
    public IZipCode ProvideIZipCode()
    {
      return this;
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      input = new TextBox();
      this.Controls.Add(input);
      send = new Button();
      send.Text = "Enter 5-digit Zip Code";
      send.Click += new EventHandler(this.submit_Click);
      this.Controls.Add(send);
    }

    private void submit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
      if (input.Text != String.Empty)
      {
        zipCodeText = Page.Server.HtmlEncode(input.Text);
        input.Text = String.Empty;
      }
    }

  }


  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class WeatherWebPart : WebPart
  {
    private IZipCode _provider;
    string _zipSearch;
    Label DisplayContent;

    // This method is identified by the ConnectionConsumer 
    // attribute, and is the mechanism for connecting with 
    // the provider. 
    [ConnectionConsumer("Zip Code Consumer", "ZipCodeConsumer")]
    public void GetIZipCode(IZipCode Provider)
    {
      _provider = Provider;
    }

    protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e)
    {
      EnsureChildControls();

      if (this._provider != null)
      {
        _zipSearch = _provider.ZipCode.Trim();
        DisplayContent.Text = "My Zip Code is:  " + _zipSearch;
      }
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      DisplayContent = new Label();
      this.Controls.Add(DisplayContent);
    }

  }

}

The third part of the code example is the master page. You should take the following source code and save it in a file, naming it MasterPageCS.master or MasterPageVB.master (depending on which language you use). Note that the master page contains a Register directive to register the user control, and it references the user control itself in the body of the page. The master page also declares the single <asp:webpartmanager> element used for this page and all related content pages. Finally, the master page has an <asp: contentplaceholder> element that declares the point in the page where the content page is inserted.

The fourth part of the code example is the content page. You should copy the following source code and save it in a file with an .aspx extension. Notice that its Page directive contains a MasterFile attribute to refer to the master page. Also, this page has a Register directive to register the file in the App_Code folder that contains the dynamically compiled custom WebPart controls that participate in the connection. Within the <asp:content> tags of the page, there is an <asp:proxywebpartmanager> element, with a child <staticconnections> element, which in turn has a child <asp:webpartconnection> element to declare the details of the connection. Within the <script> tags on the page, the Button1_Click method adds some code that accesses the main WebPartManager control in the master page and the ProxyWebPartManager control in the content page, and writes some of their details to the page.

<%@ Page Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/MasterPageCS.master" 
  Title="Connections Page" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" 
    Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" %>

<script runat="server">

  protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    StringBuilder lblText = new StringBuilder();

    if (Page.Master.FindControl("WebPartManager1") != null)
    {
      WebPartManager theMgr = 
        (WebPartManager)Page.Master.FindControl("WebPartManager1");
      lblText.Append("WebPartManager:  <br /><pre>" +
        "  Master page file is " + Page.MasterPageFile + "<br />" +
        "  ID is " + theMgr.ID + "<br />" +
        "  Connection count is " +
           theMgr.StaticConnections.Count.ToString() + "<br />" +
        "  WebParts count is " +
           theMgr.WebParts.Count.ToString() + "</pre><br />");
    }

    if (proxymgr1 != null)
    {
      lblText.Append("ProxyWebPartManager:  <br /><pre>" +
        "  Content page file is " + Request.Path + "<br />" +
        "  ID is " + proxymgr1.ID + "<br />" +
        "  Connection count is " +
           proxymgr1.StaticConnections.Count.ToString() + 
           "</pre><br />");
    }

    Literal1.Text = lblText.ToString();

  }

</script>

<asp:Content ID="Content1" Runat="Server" 
  ContentPlaceHolderID="ContentPlaceHolder1" >

  <asp:proxywebpartmanager id="proxymgr1" runat="server">
    <staticconnections>
      <asp:webpartconnection id="connection1" 
        consumerconnectionpointid="ZipCodeConsumer"
        consumerid="zipConsumer"
        providerconnectionpointid="ZipCodeProvider" 
        providerid="zipProvider" />
    </staticconnections>    
  </asp:proxywebpartmanager>

  <div>
  <asp:webpartzone id="zone1" runat="server">
    <zonetemplate>
      <aspsample:zipcodewebpart id="zipProvider" runat="server" 
        title="Zip Code Provider"  />
      <aspsample:weatherwebpart id="zipConsumer" runat="server" 
        title="Zip Code Consumer" />
    </zonetemplate>
  </asp:webpartzone>
  </div>

  <div>
  <asp:button id="Button1" runat="server" 
    text="WebPartManager Information" onclick="Button1_Click" />
  <br />

  </div>

  <asp:connectionszone id="ConnectionsZone1" runat="server" />
  <asp:literal id="Literal1" runat="server" />

</asp:Content>

After you load the page in a browser, click the WebPartManager Information button and observe the information about the WebPartManager control in the master page, and the ProxyWebPartManager control in the content page. For example, note that they both have the same count in their respective properties that track static connections (the StaticConnections property). Note also that although the WebPartManager control has a WebParts property that tracks the number of WebPart controls it manages, the ProxyWebPartManager control has no such property, as its only purpose is to contain static connections.

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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