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Sorting Event

GridView.Sorting Event

Updated: April 2009

Occurs when the hyperlink to sort a column is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the sort operation.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public event GridViewSortEventHandler Sorting
<asp:GridView OnSorting="GridViewSortEventHandler" />

The Sorting event is raised when the hyperlink to sort a column is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the sort operation. This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the sorting operation, whenever this event occurs.

A GridViewSortEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the sort expression for the column and to indicate that the selection operation should be canceled. To cancel the selection operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewSortEventArgs object to true.

For information about how to programmatically initiate a sort operation, see the Sort method.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example demonstrates how to use the Sorting event to perform the sorting functionality when the GridView control is bound to a DataTable object by setting the DataSource property programmatically.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  protected void TaskGridView_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {

    //Retrieve the table from the session object.
    DataTable dt = Session["TaskTable"] as DataTable;

    if (dt != null)
    {

      //Sort the data.
      dt.DefaultView.Sort = e.SortExpression + " " + GetSortDirection(e.SortExpression);
      TaskGridView.DataSource = Session["TaskTable"];
      TaskGridView.DataBind();
    }

  }

  private string GetSortDirection(string column)
  {

    // By default, set the sort direction to ascending.
    string sortDirection = "ASC";

    // Retrieve the last column that was sorted.
    string sortExpression = ViewState["SortExpression"] as string;

    if (sortExpression != null)
    {
      // Check if the same column is being sorted. 
      // Otherwise, the default value can be returned. 
      if (sortExpression == column)
      {
        string lastDirection = ViewState["SortDirection"] as string;
        if ((lastDirection != null) && (lastDirection == "ASC"))
        {
          sortDirection = "DESC";
        }
      }
    }

    // Save new values in ViewState.
    ViewState["SortDirection"] = sortDirection;
    ViewState["SortExpression"] = column;

    return sortDirection;
  }

  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    if (!Page.IsPostBack)
    {

      // Create a new table.
      DataTable taskTable = new DataTable("TaskList");

      // Create the columns.
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Id", typeof(int));
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Description", typeof(string));

      //Add data to the new table. 
      for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
      {
        DataRow tableRow = taskTable.NewRow();
        tableRow["Id"] = i;
        tableRow["Description"] = "Task " + (10 - i).ToString();
        taskTable.Rows.Add(tableRow);
      }

      //Persist the table in the Session object.
      Session["TaskTable"] = taskTable;

      //Bind the GridView control to the data source.
      TaskGridView.DataSource = Session["TaskTable"];
      TaskGridView.DataBind();

    }

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>Sorting example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>

      <asp:GridView ID="TaskGridView" runat="server" 
        AllowSorting="true" 
        OnSorting="TaskGridView_Sorting" >
      </asp:GridView>

    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The following example demonstrates how to use the Sorting event to cancel a sorting operation.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts 
    // to sort by address. 
    if (e.SortExpression == "Address")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address.";
      SortInformationLabel.Text = "";
    }
    else
    {
      Message.Text = "";
    }
  }

  void CustomersGridView_Sorted(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " +
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() +
      " in " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() +
      " order.";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/>

      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">

      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Date

History

Reason

April 2009

Added a link to the Sort method.

Customer feedback.

August 2008

Added an example.

Customer feedback.

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