Button.Command Event

 

Occurs when the Button control is clicked.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

Public Event Command As CommandEventHandler

The Command event is raised when the Button control is clicked. This event is commonly used when a command name, such as Sort, is associated with the Button control. This allows you to create multiple Button controls on a Web page and programmatically determine which Button control is clicked.

System_CAPS_noteNote

The Command event is raised through the control hierarchy in the form of the BubbleEvent.

For more information about handling events, see NIB: Consuming Events.

The following code example demonstrates how to specify and code an event handler for the Command event to sort a list when the Button control is clicked. This example specifies the event handler declaratively, using the OnClick property of the Button control.

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button"

               ' Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then

                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."

               Else

                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", however the command argument is not recogized."

               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"

               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button."

            Case "Descending"

               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button."

            Case Else

               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates how to specify the event handler and programmatically add it to the event in the Page_Load method.

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Sub CommandBtn_Click(sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs) 

         Select e.CommandName

            Case "Sort"

               ' Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List(CType(e.CommandArgument, String))

            Case "Submit"

               ' Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button"

               ' Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               If CType(e.CommandArgument , String) = "" Then

                  ' End the message.
                  Message.Text &= "."

               Else

                  ' Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text &= ", but the command argument is not recogized."

               End If                

            Case Else

               ' The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Sort_List(commandArgument As String)

         Select commandArgument

            Case "Ascending"

               ' Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button."

            Case "Descending"

               ' Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button."

            Case Else

               ' The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized."

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         ' event of the Button controls.
         AddHandler Button1.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button2.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button3.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button4.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click
         AddHandler Button5.Command, AddressOf CommandBtn_Click

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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