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CultureTypes Enumeration

Defines the types of culture lists that can be retrieved using the CultureInfo.GetCultures method.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public enum CultureTypes

Member nameDescription
Supported by the XNA FrameworkAllCulturesAll cultures that ship with the .NET Framework, including neutral and specific cultures, cultures installed in the Windows operating system, and custom cultures created by the user.CultureTypes.AllCultures is a composite field that includes the CultureTypes.NeutralCultures, CultureTypes.SpecificCultures, and CultureTypes.InstalledWin32Cultures values.
FrameworkCultures Obsolete. This member is deprecated; using this value with CultureInfo.GetCultures returns neutral and specific cultures shipped with the .NET Framework 2.0.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkInstalledWin32CulturesAll cultures that are installed in the Windows operating system. Note that not all cultures supported by the .NET Framework are installed in the operating system.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkNeutralCulturesCultures that are associated with a language but are not specific to a country/region. The names of .NET Framework cultures consist of the lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1. For example: "en" (English) is a neutral culture.

Custom cultures can have any user-specified name, not just a two-letter code.

The invariant culture is included in the array of cultures returned by the CultureInfo.GetCultures method that specifies this value.

ReplacementCulturesCustom cultures created by the user that replace cultures shipped with the .NET Framework.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkSpecificCulturesCultures that are specific to a country/region. The names of these cultures follow RFC 4646 (Windows Vista and later). The format is "<languagecode2>-<country/regioncode2>", where <languagecode2> is a lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1 and <country/regioncode2> is an uppercase two-letter code derived from ISO 3166. For example, "en-US" for English (United States) is a specific culture.

Custom cultures can have any user-specified name, not just a standard-compliant name.

UserCustomCultureCustom cultures created by the user.

In Windows versions prior to Windows 10, the CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture value is assigned to custom cultures created by the developer. In Windows 10, the CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture value is also assigned to system cultures that are not backed by a complete set of cultural data and that do not have unique local identifiers. (All cultures of type UserCustomCulture share a CultureInfo.LCID value of LOCALE_CUSTOM_UNSPECIFIED (0x1000, or 4096). As a result, code such as




will return different sets of cultures on different Windows versions.

WindowsOnlyCultures Obsolete. This member is deprecated. If it is used as an argument to the CultureInfo.GetCultures method, the method returns an empty array.

These culture type values are returned by the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property, and also serve as a filter that limits the cultures returned by the CultureInfo.GetCultures method. For more information on cultures, see CultureInfo.

Generally, your application should enumerate all cultures, using the AllCultures value. This allows enumeration of custom cultures, as well as the other culture types.

Note that the FrameworkCultures and WindowsOnlyCultures members have been deprecated.

The following example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration and the CultureTypes property.

// This example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration  
// and the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property. 

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample
    public static void Main()
        // Create a table of most culture types. 
        CultureTypes[] mostCultureTypes = new CultureTypes[] {
        CultureInfo[] allCultures;
        CultureTypes combo;

        // Get and enumerate all cultures.
        allCultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.AllCultures);
        foreach (CultureInfo ci in allCultures)
            // Display the name of each culture.
            Console.WriteLine("Culture: {0}", ci.Name);

            // Get the culture types of each culture. 
            combo = ci.CultureTypes;

            // Display the name of each culture type flag that is set.
            Console.Write("  ");
            foreach (CultureTypes ct in mostCultureTypes)
                if (0 != (ct & combo))
                    Console.Write("{0} ", ct);

The following is a portion of the results produced by this code example.
Culture: tg
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl-TJ
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr-SY
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 

The following example displays several properties of the neutral cultures.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo

   public static void Main()

      // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME");
      foreach (CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures))
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName);
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName);



This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
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