Decimal.GetBits Method (Decimal)


Converts the value of a specified instance of Decimal to its equivalent binary representation.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function GetBits (
	d As Decimal
) As Integer()


Type: System.Decimal

The value to convert.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32()

A 32-bit signed integer array with four elements that contain the binary representation of d.

The binary representation of a Decimal number consists of a 1-bit sign, a 96-bit integer number, and a scaling factor used to divide the integer number and specify what portion of it is a decimal fraction. The scaling factor is implicitly the number 10, raised to an exponent ranging from 0 to 28.

The return value is a four-element array of 32-bit signed integers.

The first, second, and third elements of the returned array contain the low, middle, and high 32 bits of the 96-bit integer number.

The fourth element of the returned array contains the scale factor and sign. It consists of the following parts:

Bits 0 to 15, the lower word, are unused and must be zero.

Bits 16 to 23 must contain an exponent between 0 and 28, which indicates the power of 10 to divide the integer number.

Bits 24 to 30 are unused and must be zero.

Bit 31 contains the sign: 0 mean positive, and 1 means negative.

Note that the bit representation differentiates between negative and positive zero. These values are treated as being equal in all operations.

The following example uses the GetBits method to convert several Decimal values to their equivalent binary representations. It then displays the decimal values and the hexadecimal value of the elements in the array returned by the GetBits method.

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Define an array of decimal values.
      Dim values() As Decimal = { 1d, 100000000000000d, 
                                  123456789d, 0.123456789d, 
                                  Decimal.MaxValue, Decimal.MinValue, 
                                  -7.9228162514264337593543950335d }

      Console.WriteLine("{0,31}  {1,10:X8}{2,10:X8}{3,10:X8}{4,10:X8}", 
                        "Argument", "Bits[3]", "Bits[2]", "Bits[1]", 
                        "Bits[0]" )
      Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}  {1,10:X8}{2,10:X8}{3,10:X8}{4,10:X8}", 
                         "--------", "-------", "-------", "-------", 
                         "-------" )

      ' Iterate each element and display its binary representation
      For Each value In values
         Dim bits() As Integer = Decimal.GetBits(value)
        Console.WriteLine("{0,31}  {1,10:X8}{2,10:X8}{3,10:X8}{4,10:X8}", 
                          value, bits(3), bits(2), bits(1), bits(0))

    End Sub
End Module 
' The example displays the following output:
'                        Argument     Bits(3)   Bits(2)   Bits(1)   Bits(0)
'                        --------     -------   -------   -------   -------
'                               1    00000000  00000000  00000000  00000001
'                 100000000000000    00000000  00000000  00005AF3  107A4000
'   10000000000000000000000000000    00000000  204FCE5E  3E250261  10000000
'  100000000000000.00000000000000    000E0000  204FCE5E  3E250261  10000000
'  1.0000000000000000000000000000    001C0000  204FCE5E  3E250261  10000000
'                       123456789    00000000  00000000  00000000  075BCD15
'                     0.123456789    00090000  00000000  00000000  075BCD15
'            0.000000000123456789    00120000  00000000  00000000  075BCD15
'   0.000000000000000000123456789    001B0000  00000000  00000000  075BCD15
'                      4294967295    00000000  00000000  00000000  FFFFFFFF
'            18446744073709551615    00000000  00000000  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF
'   79228162514264337593543950335    00000000  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF
'  -79228162514264337593543950335    80000000  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF
' -7.9228162514264337593543950335    801C0000  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF  FFFFFFFF

The following example uses the GetBits method to retrieve the component parts of an array. It then uses this array in the call to the Decimal(Int32, Int32, Int32, Boolean, Byte) constructor to instantiate a new Decimal value.

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As Decimal = { 1234.96d, -1234.96d }
      For Each value In values
         Dim parts() = Decimal.GetBits(value)
         Dim sign As Boolean = (parts(3) And &h80000000) <> 0
         Dim scale As Byte = CByte((parts(3) >> 16) And &H7F)

         Dim newValue As New Decimal(parts(0), parts(1), parts(2), sign, scale)    
         Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, newValue)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    1234.96 --> 1234.96
'    -1234.96 --> -1234.96

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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