On...GoSub, On...GoTo Statements

Office 2013 and later

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Branch to one of several specified lines, depending on the value of an expression.


On expression GoSub destinationlist

On expression GoTo destinationlist

The On...GoSub and On...GoTo statement syntax has these parts:




Required. Any numeric expression that evaluates to a whole number between 0 and 255, inclusive. If expression is any number other than a whole number, it is rounded before it is evaluated.


Required. List of line numbers or line labels separated by commas.


The value of expression determines which line is branched to in destinationlist. If the value of expression is less than 1 or greater than the number of items in the list, one of the following results occurs:

If expression is


Equal to 0

Control drops to the statement following On...GoSub or On...GoTo.

Greater than number of items in list

Control drops to the statement following On...GoSub or On...GoTo.


An error occurs.

Greater than 255

An error occurs.

You can mix line numbers and line labels in the same list. You can use as many line labels and line numbers as you like with On...GoSub and On...GoTo. However, if you use more labels or numbers than fit on a single line, you must use the line-continuation character to continue the logical line onto the next physical line.

Tip Tip

Select Case provides a more structured and flexible way to perform multiple branching.

This example uses the On...GoSub and On...GoTo statements to branch to subroutines and line labels, respectively.

Sub OnGosubGotoDemo() 
Dim Number, MyString 
 Number = 2 ' Initialize variable. 
 ' Branch to Sub2. 
 On Number GoSub Sub1, Sub2 ' Execution resumes here after 
 ' On...GoSub. 
 On Number GoTo Line1, Line2 ' Branch to Line2. 
 ' Execution does not resume here after On...GoTo. 
 Exit Sub 
 MyString = "In Sub1" : Return 
 MyString = "In Sub2" : Return 
 MyString = "In Line1" 
 MyString = "In Line2" 
End Sub