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SharedWorkspace Object (Office)

The SharedWorkspace property of a Document object in Microsoft Word, a Workbook object in Microsoft Excel, and a Presentation object in Microsoft PowerPoint returns a SharedWorkspace object which allows the developer to add the active document to a SharePoint site and to manage other objects in the shared workspace site.

Note Note

Beginning with Microsoft Office 2010, this object or member has been deprecated and should not be used.

Use the SharedWorkspace object to add the active Word, Excel or PowerPoint document to a SharePoint document workspace site on the server to take advantage of the workspace's collaboration features, or to disconnect or remove the document from the workspace site. Use the SharedWorkspace object's collections to manage files, folders, links, members and tasks associated with the shared document.

The SharedWorkspace object model is available whether or not a document is stored in a workspace. The SharedWorkspace property of the Document, Workbook, and Presentation objects does not return Nothing when the document is not shared. Use the Connected property of the SharedWorkspace object to determine whether the active document is in fact saved in and connected to a shared workspace.

Users require appropriate permissions to use the objects, properties and methods in the SharedWorkspace object hierarchy.

Use the SharedWorkspaceFiles collection, accessed through the Files property of the SharedWorkspace object, to manage documents and files saved in a shared workspace.

Use the SharedWorkspaceFolders collection, accessed through the Folders property of the SharedWorkspace object, to manage subfolders within the main document library folder of a shared workspace.

Use the SharedWorkspaceLinks collection, accessed through the Links property of the SharedWorkspace object, to manage links to additional documents and information of interest to the members who are collaborating on the documents in the shared workspace.

Use the SharedWorkspaceMembers collection, accessed through the Members property of the SharedWorkspace object, to manage users who have rights to participate in a shared workspace and to collaborate on the shared documents saved in the workspace.

Use the SharedWorkspaceTasks collection, accessed through the Tasks property of the SharedWorkspace object, to manage tasks assigned to the members who are collaborating on the documents in the shared workspace.

Use the CreateNew method to create a new document workspace and to add the active document to the workspace. Use the Name and URL properties to return information about the workspace.

The SharedWorkspace object uses a local cache of objects and properties from the server. The developer may need to update this cache before performing certain operations, or to save cached property changes back to the server. Use the Refresh method of the SharedWorkspace object to refresh the local cache from the server, and the LastRefreshed property to determine when the refresh operation last took place. Use the Save method of the SharedWorkspaceLink and SharedWorkspaceTask objects after modifying their properties locally, to upload the changes to the server.

Use the Disconnect method to disconnect the local copy of the active document from the shared workspace, while leaving the shared copy intact in the workspace. Use the RemoveDocument method to remove the shared document from the shared workspace entirely.

Users require appropriate permissions to use the objects, properties and methods in the SharedWorkspace object hierarchy. Use the Role argument when adding members to the SharedWorkspaceMembers collection to specify the set of permissions specific to each workspace member.

When using the SharedWorkspace object model, it is possible to create conditions where the SharedWorkspace object cache is not synchronized with the user interface displayed in the Shared Workspace pane of the active document. For example, if the CreateNew method programmatically adds the active document to a new workspace while the Shared Workspace pane is open, the Shared Workspace pane will continue to display the Create button. In circumstances like these, if the user makes a selection in the Shared Workspace pane that is no longer valid, an error is raised and a refresh operation is carried out to synchronize the display with the current document state and shared workspace data.

The Document, Workbook, and Presentation objects also have a Sync property which returns a Sync object. Use the Sync object and its properties and methods to manage the synchronization of the local and the server copies of the shared document.

The following example displays the properties of the shared workspace to which the active document is connected.

    Dim swsWorkspace As Office.SharedWorkspace 
    Dim strSWSInfo As String 
    Set swsWorkspace = ActiveWorkbook.SharedWorkspace 
    strSWSInfo = swsWorkspace.Name & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - URL: " & swsWorkspace.URL & vbCrLf & _ 
        "The shared workspace contains " & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - Files: " & swsWorkspace.Files.Count & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - Folders: " & swsWorkspace.Folders.Count & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - Links: " & swsWorkspace.Links.Count & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - Members: " & swsWorkspace.Members.Count & vbCrLf & _ 
        " - Tasks: " & swsWorkspace.Tasks.Count & vbCrLf 
    MsgBox strSWSInfo, vbInformation + vbOKOnly, _ 
        "Shared Workspace Information" 
    Set swsWorkspace = Nothing
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