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Char.IsSurrogatePair 方法 (Char, Char)

指示两个指定的 Char 对象是否形成代理项对。

命名空间:  System
程序集:  mscorlib(在 mscorlib.dll 中)

public static bool IsSurrogatePair(
	char highSurrogate,
	char lowSurrogate
)

参数

highSurrogate
类型:System.Char
要作为代理项对的高代理项进行计算的字符。
lowSurrogate
类型:System.Char
要作为代理项对的低代理项进行计算的字符。

返回值

类型:System.Boolean
如果 highSurrogate 参数的数值范围是从 U+D800 到 U+DBFF,并且 lowSurrogate 参数的数值范围是从 U+DC00 到 U+DFFF,则为 true;否则为 false

Ordinarily, a single character is represented by a single 16-bit Unicode code unit. UTF-16 encoding also supports surrogate pairs, which allow a single abstract character to be represented by two 16-bit code units. The first code unit, whose value can range from U+D800 to U+DBFF, is the high surrogate. The second code unit, whose value can range from U+DC00 to U+DFFF, is the low surrogate. Individual surrogate code points have no interpretation of their own. For more information about surrogates and the Unicode Standard, see the Unicode home page.

The following code example demonstrates the IsHighSurrogate, IsLowSurrogate, and IsSurrogatePair methods.


// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    char cHigh = '\uD800';
    char cLow  = '\uDC00';
    string s1  = new String(new char[] {'a', '\uD800', '\uDC00', 'z'});
    string divider = String.Concat( Environment.NewLine, new String('-', 70), 
                                    Environment.NewLine);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", (int)cHigh);
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", (int)cLow);
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'");
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ");
    for(int i = 0; i < s1.Length; i++)
        {
        Console.WriteLine("s1[{0}] = {1:X4} ", i, (int)s1[i]);
        }
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("A3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("A4) s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("B3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("B4) s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?");
    Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine("C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
s1[0] = 0061
s1[1] = D800
s1[2] = DC00
s1[3] = 007A

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - False
A2) cHigh? - True
A3) s1[0]? - False
A4) s1[1]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - True
B2) cHigh? - False
B3) s1[0]? - False
B4) s1[2]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False

----------------------------------------------------------------------

*/


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