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MmAllocateContiguousMemory routine

The MmAllocateContiguousMemory routine allocates a range of contiguous, nonpaged physical memory and maps it to the system address space.

Syntax


PVOID MmAllocateContiguousMemory(
  _In_  SIZE_T NumberOfBytes,
  _In_  PHYSICAL_ADDRESS HighestAcceptableAddress
);

Parameters

NumberOfBytes [in]

The size, in bytes, of the block of contiguous memory to allocate. For more information, see Remarks.

HighestAcceptableAddress [in]

The highest valid physical address the caller can use. For example, if a device can address only locations in the first 16 megabytes of the processor's physical memory address range, the driver for this device should set HighestAcceptableAddress to 0x0000000000FFFFFF.

Return value

MmAllocateContiguousMemory returns the base virtual address for the allocated memory. If the request cannot be satisfied, the routine returns NULL.

Remarks

MmAllocateContiguousMemory allocates a block of nonpaged memory that is contiguous in physical address space. The routine maps this block to a contiguous block of virtual memory in the system address space and returns the virtual address of the base of this block. The routine aligns the starting address of a contiguous memory allocation to a memory page boundary.

Drivers must not access memory beyond the requested allocation size. For example, developers should not assume that their drivers can safely use memory between the end of their requested allocation and the next page boundary.

Because contiguous physical memory is usually in short supply, it should be used sparingly and only when necessary. A driver that must use contiguous memory should allocate this memory during driver initialization because physical memory is likely to become fragmented over time as the operating system allocates and frees memory. Typically, a driver calls MmAllocateContiguousMemory from its DriverEntry routine to allocate an internal buffer for long-term use, and frees the buffer just before the driver is unloaded.

Memory allocated by MmAllocateContiguousMemory must be freed when the memory is no longer needed. Call the MmFreeContiguousMemory routine to free memory that is allocated by MmAllocateContiguousMemory.

Note  When physical memory is fragmented on a computer that has a large amount of RAM, calls to MmAllocateContiguousMemory, which require the operating system to search for contiguous blocks of memory, can severely degrade performance. This degradation is greatly reduced starting with Windows Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008, but contiguous memory can still be expensive to allocate. For this reason, drivers should avoid repeated calls to MmAllocateContiguousMemory. Instead, drivers should allocate all required contiguous buffers in their DriverEntry routines and reuse these buffers.

Memory that MmAllocateContiguousMemory allocates is uninitialized. A kernel-mode driver must first set this memory to zero if it is going to make it visible to user-mode software (to avoid leaking potentially privileged contents).

Requirements

Version

Available starting with Windows 2000.

Header

Ntddk.h (include Ntddk.h)

Library

Ntoskrnl.lib

IRQL

<= DISPATCH_LEVEL

See also

DriverEntry
MmAllocateContiguousMemorySpecifyCache
AllocateCommonBuffer
MmAllocateNonCachedMemory
MmFreeContiguousMemory

 

 

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