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CERT_CHAIN_ENGINE_CONFIG structure

The CERT_CHAIN_ENGINE_CONFIG structure sets parameters for building a non-default certificate chain engine. The engine used determines the ways that certificate chains are built.

Syntax


typedef struct _CERT_CHAIN_ENGINE_CONFIG {
  DWORD      cbSize;
  HCERTSTORE hRestrictedRoot;
  HCERTSTORE hRestrictedTrust;
  HCERTSTORE hRestrictedOther;
  DWORD      cAdditionalStore;
  HCERTSTORE *rghAdditionalStore;
  DWORD      dwFlags;
  DWORD      dwUrlRetrievalTimeout;
  DWORD      MaximumCachedCertificates;
  DWORD      CycleDetectionModulus;
  HCERTSTORE hExclusiveRoot;
  HCERTSTORE hExclusiveTrustedPeople;
  DWORD      dwExclusiveFlags;
} CERT_CHAIN_ENGINE_CONFIG, *PCERT_CHAIN_ENGINE_CONFIG;

Members

cbSize

Size of this structure in bytes.

hRestrictedRoot

This configuration parameter can be used to restrict the root store. If used, it can be the handle of any HCERTSTORE containing only a proper subset of the certificates in the root store.

hRestrictedTrust

Store handle. If used, restricts the stores searched to find CTLs.

hRestrictedOther

Store handle. If used, restricts the stores searched for certificates and CRLs.

cAdditionalStore

Count of additional stores to be searched for certificates and CRLs needed to build chains.

rghAdditionalStore

A pointer to an array of store handles for any additional stores to be searched in building chains.

dwFlags

The following flags are defined.

ValueMeaning
CERT_CHAIN_CACHE_END_CERT
0x00000001

Information in the end certificate is cached. By default, information in all certificates except the end certificate is cached as a chain is built. Setting this flag extends the caching to the end certificate.

CERT_CHAIN_CACHE_ONLY_URL_RETRIEVAL
0x00000004

Use only cached URLs in building a certificate chain. The Internet and intranet are not searched for URL-based objects.

CERT_CHAIN_USE_LOCAL_MACHINE_STORE
0x00000008

Build the chain using the LocalMachine registry location as opposed to the CurrentUser location.

CERT_CHAIN_ENABLE_CACHE_AUTO_UPDATE
0x00000010

Enable automatic updating of the cache as a chain is being built.

CERT_CHAIN_ENABLE_SHARE_STORE
0x00000020

Allow certificate stores used to build the chain to be shared.

 

dwUrlRetrievalTimeout

Number of milliseconds before a time-out for network based–URL object retrievals. Can be set to zero to use the default limit.

MaximumCachedCertificates

Limit on the number of certificates that can be cached as a chain is built. Can be set to 0 to use the default limit.

CycleDetectionModulus

Number of certificates added to the chain before a check is made to determine whether there is a cycle of certificates in the chain. A cycle may be defined as having the same certificate in two different places in a chain.

The lower the number, the more frequently checks will be made. Extra checking for cycles of certificates will slow the process considerably. This parameter can be set to zero to use the default limit.

hExclusiveRoot

Handle to a certificate store that contains exclusive trust anchors. If either the hExclusiveRoot or hExclusiveTrustedPeople member points to a valid store, exclusive trust mode is used for the chain building.

Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2:  Support for this member begins.

hExclusiveTrustedPeople

Handle to a certificate store that contains application-specific peer trusted certificates. If either the hExclusiveRoot or hExclusiveTrustedPeople member points to a valid store, exclusive trust mode is used for the chain building.

Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2:  Support for this member begins.

dwExclusiveFlags

The following flag can be set. The flag applies only if the hExclusiveRoot or hExclusiveTrustedPeople or both are not NULL.

Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012:  Support for this member begins.

ValueMeaning
CERT_CHAIN_EXCLUSIVE_ENABLE_CA_FLAG
0x00000001

Indicates that a non-self-signed intermediate CA certificate in the hExclusiveRoot store should be treated as a trust anchor during certificate validation. If a certificate chains up to this CA, chain building is terminated and the certificate is considered trusted. No signature verification or revocation checking is performed on the CA certificate.

By default, if this flag is not set, only self-signed certificates in the hExclusiveRoot store are treated as trust anchors.

See also the CERT_TRUST_IS_CA_TRUSTED value in the CERT_TRUST_STATUS structure.

 

Remarks

The chain-building engine uses four certificate stores in building chains. These are hRoot, hWorld, hTrust, and hOther. These stores' handles are established by using information in this structure when a chain engine is created.

hRoot is the store handle from hRestrictedRoot or, if hRestrictedRoot is NULL, the handle for System Store "Root."

hWorld is a collection certificate store including sibling stores hRoot, "CA," "My," "Trust," and any additional stores whose handles are in the array pointed to by rghAdditionalStore.

hTrust is the store handle from hRestrictedTrust or, if hRestrictedTrust is NULL, hWorld.

hOther is hRestrictedOther plus hRoot or, if hRestrictedTrust is non-NULL, the hWorld collection store plus the store handle from hRestrictedTrust.

Exclusive trust mode allows applications to specify trust anchors and peer-trusted certificates for certificate chain validation. In the exclusive trust mode, the root store and the trusted people store on the system are ignored, and the anchors and certificates pointed to by the hExclusiveRoot and hExclusiveTrustedPeople members are used instead.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

Wincrypt.h

See also

CertCreateCertificateChainEngine
CERT_TRUST_STATUS

 

 

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