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DataTemplate class

Applies to Windows and Windows Phone

Describes the visual structure of a data object.

Inheritance

Object
  DependencyObject
    FrameworkTemplate
      DataTemplate

Syntax


public class DataTemplate : FrameworkTemplate


<DataTemplate ...>
  templateContent
</DataTemplate>
 


XAML Values

templateContent

The tree of objects that defines this DataTemplate. The tree must have a single root element, and that root element can have zero or more child elements.

Attributes

[MarshalingBehavior(Agile)]
[Threading(Both)]
[Version(0x06020000)]
[WebHostHidden()]

Members

The DataTemplate class has these types of members:

Constructors

The DataTemplate class has these constructors.

ConstructorDescription
DataTemplate Initializes a new instance of the DataTemplate class.

 

Methods

The DataTemplate class has these methods. It also inherits methods from the Object class.

MethodDescription
ClearValue Clears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetAnimationBaseValue Returns any base value established for a dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetValue Returns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
LoadContent Creates the UIElement objects in the DataTemplate.
ReadLocalValue Returns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
SetValue Sets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)

 

Properties

The DataTemplate class has these properties.

PropertyAccess typeDescription

Dispatcher

Read-onlyGets the CoreDispatcher that this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject)

 

Remarks

You typically use a DataTemplate to specify the visual representation of your data. DataTemplate objects are particularly useful when you are binding an ItemsControl such as a ListBox to an entire collection. Without specific instructions, a ListBox displays the string representation of the objects in a collection. In that case, you can use a DataTemplate to define the appearance of your data objects. The content of your DataTemplate becomes the visual structure of your data objects.

You can use data binding in a DataTemplate. For example, suppose that a ListBox is bound to a collection of Customer objects and has the ItemTemplate property set to a DataTemplate. When the ListBox is created, a ListBoxItem is created for each Customer in the collection, and the DataContext of the ListBoxItem is set to the appropriate customer. In other words, the DataContext of the first ListBoxItem is set to the first customer, the DataContext of the second ListBoxItem is set to the second customer, and so on. You can bind elements in the DataTemplate to properties of the Customer object.

You can also use a DataTemplate to share UIElement objects across multiple ContentControl objects. For example, suppose you need multiple buttons on your application to have the same graphic. You can create a DataTemplate that contains the graphic and use it as the ContentTemplate for the buttons.

You can place a DataTemplate as the direct child of an ItemTemplate property element in XAML. You can also define a DataTemplate as a resource and then reference the resource as the value of the ItemTemplate property. The XAML usage that defines the content for creating a data template is not exposed as a settable property. It is special behavior built into the XAML processing of a DataTemplate object element.

Examples

The following example uses a DataTemplate to display the items of a ListBox. In this example, the ListBox is bound to a collection of Customer objects. The DataTemplate contains TextBlock controls that bind to the FirstName, LastName, and Address properties. For more info on data binding, see Data binding overview.


<Grid>
    <Grid.Resources>
        <src:Customers x:Key="customers"/>
    </Grid.Resources>

    <ListBox ItemsSource="{StaticResource customers}" Width="350" Margin="0,5,0,10">
        <ListBox.ItemTemplate>
            <DataTemplate>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Padding="5,0,5,0"
          Text="{Binding FirstName}" />
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding LastName}" />
                    <TextBlock Text=", " />
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Address}" />
                </StackPanel>
            </DataTemplate>
        </ListBox.ItemTemplate>
    </ListBox>
</Grid>


The following example shows the Customer class and the collection that the ListBox is bound to.


public class Customer
{
    public String FirstName { get; set; }
    public String LastName { get; set; }
    public String Address { get; set; }

    public Customer(String firstName, String lastName, String address)
    {
        this.FirstName = firstName;
        this.LastName = lastName;
        this.Address = address;
    }

}

public class Customers : ObservableCollection<Customer>
{
    public Customers()
    {
        Add(new Customer("Michael", "Anderberg",
                "12 North Third Street, Apartment 45"));
        Add(new Customer("Chris", "Ashton",
                "34 West Fifth Street, Apartment 67"));
        Add(new Customer("Cassie", "Hicks",
                "56 East Seventh Street, Apartment 89"));
        Add(new Customer("Guido", "Pica",
                "78 South Ninth Street, Apartment 10"));
    }

}


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8.1 [Windows Runtime apps only]

Namespace

Windows.UI.Xaml
Windows::UI::Xaml [C++]

Metadata

Windows.winmd

See also

FrameworkTemplate
ItemsControl.ItemTemplate
ContentControl.ContentTemplate
ResourceDictionary and XAML resource references

 

 

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