Como apagar traços de tinta (HTML)

Applies to Windows only

Saiba como apagar traços de tinta em um aplicativo da Windows Store que usa JavaScript.

Atualizações para Windows 8.1:  O Windows 8.1 introduz uma série de atualizações e melhorias para as APIs de entrada de ponteiro. Para saber mais, veja Alterações de API para Windows 8.1.

Como um aplicativo que permite escrita à tinta precisa diferenciar a entrada que se destina a desenhar traços de tinta da entrada que se destina a apagar traços de tinta, a ação de apagar costuma ser implementada como um estado modal.

A ação de apagar pode ser ativada de diferentes maneiras: com um comando da barra de aplicativos, com a ponta de borracha da caneta ou com o botão do cilindro da caneta (incluindo os botões de movimento). Os botões do cilindro da caneta são úteis porque reduzem o tempo de resposta entre a superfície de desenho e a barra de aplicativos. O aplicativo deve oferecer suporte a todas as opções e recursos do dispositivo.

Aqui, nós mostramos uma superfície de desenho com uma única tela usada para aceitar traços de tinta e apagar traços de tinta, com base em um estado de entrada especificado pelo usuário.

InkManipulationMode especifica o comportamento dos novos traços desenhados pelo usuário. No modo erasing, os novos traços são exibidos na superfície de desenho, mas não são renderizados e desaparecem quando a caneta é levantada. Os traços existentes são apagados quando o usuário os intercepta com a ação de apagar. Este é o comportamento padrão da plataforma de tinta do Windows 8.

O que você precisa saber

Tecnologias

Pré-requisitos

Para saber mais, veja Início rápido: Capturando dados de tinta.

Nós supomos que você possa criar um aplicativo da Windows Store básico usando JavaScript que usa o modelo da Biblioteca do Windows para JavaScript.

Instruções

Etapa 1: Crie um gerenciador de tinta

Inicialize um objeto InkManager que processará e manipulará os dados relacionados a tinta obtidos da entrada do ponteiro.


        // Create an ink manager.
        // InkManager is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260648.
        var inkManager = new Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManager();


Etapa 2: Definir as configurações de traço inicial

Cada InkManipulationMode tem configurações de traço exclusivas para indicar ao usuário em qual modo eles estão. Por padrão, este exemplo começa no modo inking com as configurações de traço especificadas.


        // Initial stroke property values.
        var strokeColor;
        var strokeWidth;


Etapa 3: Habilitar a seleção de modo

Fornece uma maneira para o usuário escolher o InkManipulationMode.

Primeiro, nós declaramos um conjunto de botões de modo.


<body>
<div id="applicationTitle">Ink sample</div>
<div>
    <canvas id="inkCanvas"></canvas>
    <div>
        <button id="load">Load</button>
        <button id="save">Save</button>
        <button id="draw">Draw</button>
        <button id="select">Select</button>
        <button id="selectall">Select all</button>
        <button id="erase">Erase</button>
        <button id="eraseAll">Erase all</button>
        <button id="recognize" value="selected">Handwriting recognition</button>
    </div>
</div>
<div id="modeMessage"></div>
<div id="deviceMessage"></div>
<div id="statusMessage"></div>
</body>


Depois, nós declaramos um ouvinte de eventos.


get("erase").addEventListener("click", eraseStrokes, false);


Por último, nós definimos as configurações de traço no manipulador de eventos de clique para cada botão de modo.


    // Set up draw mode.
    function drawStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.inking;
        strokeColor = "black";
        strokeWidth = 2;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }

    // Set up selection mode.
    function selectStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.selecting;
        strokeColor = "red";
        strokeWidth = 1;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }

    // Set up erase mode.
    function eraseStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.erasing;
        strokeColor = "gold";
        strokeWidth = 1;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }


Etapa 4: Apagar todos os traços

Oferecer a opção de apagar todos os traços de uma vez só.


// Select all strokes handler.
function eraseAllStrokes() {
    inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.inking;
    strokeColor = "black";
    strokeWidth = 2;
    modeMessage.innerText = "Erase all strokes.";
    // Iterate through each stroke.
    inkManager.getStrokes().forEach(
        function (stroke) {
            stroke.selected = 1;
        }
        );
    inkManager.deleteSelected();
    renderAllStrokes();
}


Etapa 5: Renderizar novamente os traços após a exclusão

A função renderAllStrokes usa inkManager para processar cada segmento de traço pelo método bezierCurveTo. Cada traço é redesenhado usando as configurações de traço apropriadas. (Se for apagado, um traço será excluído da coleção de traços InkManager e não será mais exibido na tela.)


// Render all strokes using bezier curves instead of line segments.
function renderAllStrokes()
{
    statusMessage.innerText += "Render strokes as bezier curves."

    // Clear the drawing surface of existing strokes.
    inkContext.clearRect(0, 0, inkCanvas.width, inkCanvas.height);

    // Iterate through each stroke.
    inkManager.getStrokes().forEach(
        function (stroke)
        {
            inkContext.beginPath();
            if (stroke.selected) {
                inkContext.lineWidth = stroke.drawingAttributes.size.width * 2;
                inkContext.strokeStyle = "green";
            } else {
                inkContext.lineWidth = stroke.drawingAttributes.size.width;
                inkContext.strokeStyle = "black";
            }

            // Enumerate through each line segment of the stroke.
            var first = true;

            stroke.getRenderingSegments().forEach(
                function (segment)
                {
                    // Move to the starting screen location of the stroke.
                    if (first)
                    {
                        inkContext.moveTo(segment.position.x, segment.position.y);
                        first = false;
                    }
                    // Calculate the bezier curve for the segment.
                    else
                    {
                        inkContext.bezierCurveTo(segment.bezierControlPoint1.x,
                                                 segment.bezierControlPoint1.y,
                                                 segment.bezierControlPoint2.x,
                                                 segment.bezierControlPoint2.y,
                                                 segment.position.x, segment.position.y);
                    }
                }
            );
            
            // Draw the stroke.
            inkContext.stroke();
            inkContext.closePath();
        }
    );
}


Exemplo completo


//// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF
//// ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO
//// THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A
//// PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
////
//// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved

// Windows Store app that demonstrates the use of the Windows.UI.Input.Inking APIs.

// Ink functionality is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260649.
// User interaction functionality is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260650.
// Ink APIs are documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260652.
// Pointer APIs are documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260653.

(function ()
{
    "use strict";

    //
    // Global variables
    //

        // UI object references.
        var inkCanvas;
        var inkContext;
        var modeMessage;
        var deviceMessage
        var statusMessage;

        // Create an ink manager.
        // InkManager is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=260648.
        var inkManager = new Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManager();

        // Initial pointer values.
        var pointerId = -1;
        var pointerDeviceType = null;

        // Initial stroke property values.
        var strokeColor;
        var strokeWidth;

    //
    // End global variables
    //

    // Obtain reference to the specified element.
    function get(elementId)
    {
        return document.getElementById(elementId);
    }

    function initialize()
    {
        // Set up the UI.
        inkCanvas = get("inkCanvas");
        inkContext = inkCanvas.getContext("2d");

        inkContext.lineCap = "round";
        inkContext.lineKJoin = "round";

        inkCanvas.width = window.innerWidth - 10;
        inkCanvas.height = window.innerHeight * 0.5;

        deviceMessage = get("deviceMessage");
        deviceMessage.innerText = "Undefined";
        modeMessage = get("modeMessage");
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
        statusMessage = get("statusMessage");
        statusMessage.innerText = "No pointer input detected."

        // Set initial ink mode.
        drawStrokes();

        // Set default recognition language.
        if (!setRecognizerByName("Microsoft English (US) Handwriting Recognizer")) {
            statusMessage.innerText += "\nRecognition: Failed to find English (US) recognizer.";
        }
        else {
            statusMessage.innerText += "\nRecognition: English (US) recognizer.";
        }

        // Set up the handlers for input processing.
        inkCanvas.addEventListener("pointerdown", onPointerDown, false);
        inkCanvas.addEventListener("pointermove", onPointerMove, false);
        inkCanvas.addEventListener("pointerup", onPointerUp, false);

        get("save").addEventListener("click", saveStrokes, false);
        get("load").addEventListener("click", loadStrokes, false);
        get("draw").addEventListener("click", drawStrokes, false);
        get("select").addEventListener("click", selectStrokes, false);
        get("selectall").addEventListener("click", selectAllStrokes, false);
        get("erase").addEventListener("click", eraseStrokes, false);
        get("eraseAll").addEventListener("click", eraseAllStrokes, false);
        get("recognize").addEventListener("click", recognizeStrokes, false);
    }
    document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", initialize, false);

    function getPointerDeviceType(pId)
    {
        var pointerDeviceType;
        var pointerPoint = Windows.UI.Input.PointerPoint.getCurrentPoint(pId);
        switch (pointerPoint.pointerDevice.pointerDeviceType)
        {
            case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.touch:
                pointerDeviceType = "Touch";
                break;

            case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.pen:
                pointerDeviceType = "Pen";
                break;

            case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.mouse:
                pointerDeviceType = "Mouse";
                break;
            default:
                pointerDeviceType = "Undefined";
        }
        deviceMessage.innerText = pointerDeviceType;
        return pointerDeviceType;
    }

    // Occurs when the pointer (touch, pen, mouse) is detected by the canvas.
    // Each stroke begins with onPointerDown.
    function onPointerDown(evt)
    {
        // Get the device type for the pointer input.
        pointerDeviceType = getPointerDeviceType(evt.pointerId);

        // Process pen and mouse (with left button) only. Reserve touch for manipulations.
        if ((pointerDeviceType === "Pen") || ((pointerDeviceType === "Mouse") && (evt.button === 0)))
        {
            statusMessage.innerText = pointerDeviceType + " pointer down: Start stroke. "

            // Process one pointer at a time.
            if (pointerId === -1)
            {
                var current = evt.currentPoint;

                // Start drawing the stroke.
                inkContext.beginPath();
                inkContext.lineWidth = strokeWidth;
                inkContext.strokeStyle = strokeColor;

                inkContext.moveTo(current.position.x, current.position.y);

                // Add current pointer to the ink manager (begin stroke).
                inkManager.processPointerDown(current);

                // The pointer id is used to restrict input processing to the current stroke.
                pointerId = evt.pointerId;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Process touch input.
        }
    }

    // Mouse: Occurs when the pointer moves.
    // Pen/Touch: Occurs at a steady rate (approx. 100 messages/second) whether the pointer moves or not.
    function onPointerMove(evt)
    {
        // Process pen and mouse (with left button) only. Reserve touch for manipulations.
        if ((pointerDeviceType === "Pen") || ((pointerDeviceType === "Mouse") && (evt.button === -1)))
        {
            statusMessage.innerText = pointerDeviceType + " pointer move: Draw stroke as lines. "
            // The pointer Id is used to restrict input processing to the current stroke.
            // pointerId is updated in onPointerDown().
            if (evt.pointerId === pointerId)
            {
                var current = evt.currentPoint;

                // Draw stroke in real time.
                inkContext.lineTo(current.rawPosition.x, current.rawPosition.y);
                inkContext.stroke();

                // Add current pointer to the ink manager (update stroke).
                inkManager.processPointerUpdate(current);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Process touch input.
        }
    }

    // Occurs when the pointer (touch, pen, mouse) is lifted from the canvas.
    // Each stroke ends with onPointerUp.
    function onPointerUp(evt)
    {
        // Process pen and mouse (with left button) only. Reserve touch for manipulations.
        if ((pointerDeviceType === "Pen") || ((pointerDeviceType === "Mouse") && (evt.button === 0)))
        {
            statusMessage.innerText = pointerDeviceType + " pointer up: Finish stroke. "
            if (evt.pointerId === pointerId) {
                // Add current pointer to the ink manager (end stroke).
                inkManager.processPointerUp(evt.currentPoint);

                // End live drawing.
                inkContext.closePath();

                // Render strokes using bezier curves.
                renderAllStrokes();

                // Reset pointer Id.
                pointerId = -1;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Process touch input.
        }
    }

    // Render all strokes using bezier curves instead of line segments.
    function renderAllStrokes()
    {
        statusMessage.innerText += "Render strokes as bezier curves."

        // Clear the drawing surface of existing strokes.
        inkContext.clearRect(0, 0, inkCanvas.width, inkCanvas.height);

        // Iterate through each stroke.
        inkManager.getStrokes().forEach(
            function (stroke)
            {
                inkContext.beginPath();
                if (stroke.selected) {
                    inkContext.lineWidth = stroke.drawingAttributes.size.width * 2;
                    inkContext.strokeStyle = "green";
                } else {
                    inkContext.lineWidth = stroke.drawingAttributes.size.width;
                    inkContext.strokeStyle = "black";
                }

                // Enumerate through each line segment of the stroke.
                var first = true;

                stroke.getRenderingSegments().forEach(
                    function (segment)
                    {
                        // Move to the starting screen location of the stroke.
                        if (first)
                        {
                            inkContext.moveTo(segment.position.x, segment.position.y);
                            first = false;
                        }
                        // Calculate the bezier curve for the segment.
                        else
                        {
                            inkContext.bezierCurveTo(segment.bezierControlPoint1.x,
                                                     segment.bezierControlPoint1.y,
                                                     segment.bezierControlPoint2.x,
                                                     segment.bezierControlPoint2.y,
                                                     segment.position.x, segment.position.y);
                        }
                    }
                );
                
                // Draw the stroke.
                inkContext.stroke();
                inkContext.closePath();
            }
        );
    }

    // Set up draw mode.
    function drawStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.inking;
        strokeColor = "black";
        strokeWidth = 2;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }

    // Set up selection mode.
    function selectStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.selecting;
        strokeColor = "red";
        strokeWidth = 1;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }

    // Set up erase mode.
    function eraseStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.erasing;
        strokeColor = "gold";
        strokeWidth = 1;
        modeMessage.innerText = inkManager.mode;
    }

    // Select all strokes handler.
    function selectAllStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.selecting;
        strokeColor = "red";
        strokeWidth = 1;
        modeMessage.innerText = "Select all strokes.";
        // Iterate through each stroke.
        inkManager.getStrokes().forEach(
            function (stroke) {
                stroke.selected = 1;
            }
            );
        renderAllStrokes();
    }

    // Select all strokes handler.
    function eraseAllStrokes() {
        inkManager.mode = Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkManipulationMode.inking;
        strokeColor = "black";
        strokeWidth = 2;
        modeMessage.innerText = "Erase all strokes.";
        // Iterate through each stroke.
        inkManager.getStrokes().forEach(
            function (stroke) {
                stroke.selected = 1;
            }
            );
        inkManager.deleteSelected();
        renderAllStrokes();
    }

    // Save all strokes owned by inkManager.
    function saveStrokes()
    {
        // Ensure that strokes exist before calling saveAsync.
        if (inkManager.getStrokes().size > 0)
        {
            // Set up the file save screen.
            var savePicker = Windows.Storage.Pickers.FileSavePicker();
            savePicker.suggestedStartLocation = Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerLocationId.picturesLibrary;
            savePicker.fileTypeChoices.insert("GIF with embedded ISF", [".gif"]);
            savePicker.defaultFileExtension = ".gif";

            // Set up the stream.
            var saveStream = null;

            // Asynchronously save the ink data to the stream.
            savePicker.pickSaveFileAsync().done(
            function (file)
            {
                if (null !== file)
                {
                    file.openAsync(Windows.Storage.FileAccessMode.readWrite).then(
                        function (stream)
                        {
                            saveStream = stream;
                            return inkManager.saveAsync(saveStream);
                        }
                    ).then(
                        function ()
                        {
                            return saveStream.flushAsync(); 
                        },
                        function (e) {
                            // Override the standard saveAsync error with our own.
                            throw new Error("saveAsync");
                        }
                    ).done(
                        function ()
                        {
                            statusMessage.innerText = "Strokes saved as GIF with embedded ISF (.gif).";
                            saveStream.close();
                        },
                        function (e) {
                            statusMessage.innerText = "Save: " + e.toString();
                            // Close the stream if open.
                            if (saveStream) {
                                saveStream.close();
                            }
                        }
                    );
                }
            }
        );
        }
        else
        {
            statusMessage.innerText = "No strokes to save.";
        }
    }

    // Load strokes into an inkManager.
    function loadStrokes()
    {
        // Set up the file open screen.
        var openPicker = Windows.Storage.Pickers.FileOpenPicker();
        openPicker.suggestedStartLocation = Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerLocationId.picturesLibrary;
        openPicker.fileTypeFilter.replaceAll([".gif"]);

        // Set up the stream.
        var loadStream = null;

        // Asynchronously load the ink data from the stream.
        openPicker.pickSingleFileAsync().done(
            function (file)
            {
                if (null != file)
                {
                    file.openAsync(Windows.Storage.FileAccessMode.read).then(
                        function (stream) {
                            loadStream = stream;
                            return inkManager.loadAsync(loadStream);
                        }).done(
                            function()
                            {
                                var strokes = inkManager.getStrokes().length;
                                if (strokes === 0)
                                {
                                    statusMessage.innerText = "No strokes in file.";
                                }
                                else
                                {
                                    statusMessage.innerText = strokes + " strokes loaded.";
                                }
                                renderAllStrokes();
                                loadStream.close();
                            },
                            function (e)
                            {
                                statusMessage.innerText = "Load failed.";
                                if (loadStream)
                                {
                                    // Close the stream if open.
                                    loadStream.close();
                                }
                            });
                }
            });
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Finds a specific recognizer, and sets the inkManager's default to that recognizer.
    /// Returns true if successful.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="recognizerName">The name of the handwriting recognizer.</param>
    function setRecognizerByName(recognizerName) {
        try {
            // recognizers is a normal JavaScript array
            var recognizers = inkManager.getRecognizers();
            for (var i = 0, len = recognizers.length; i < len; i++) {
                if (recognizerName === recognizers[i].name) {
                    inkManager.setDefaultRecognizer(recognizers[i]);
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        catch (e) {
            displayError("setRecognizerByName: " + e.toString());
        }
        return false;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Invoked when the "Handwriting recognition" button is pressed.
    /// The ink manager processes all strokes through recognizeAsync, which returns 
    /// the number of words detected and a set of recognition results for each word. 
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="evt">The event object.</param>
    function recognizeStrokes(evt) {

        // Ensure ink strokes exist before calling recognizeAsync.
        if (inkManager.getStrokes().length > 0) {
            // recognizeAsync fails if other recognition tasks are in progress.
            try {
                // The ink manager is used to store the recognition results.
                // recognizeAsync has 3 modes: all | selected | recent.
                // For this example, we process all strokes.
                // recognizeAsync is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=265172.
                inkManager.recognizeAsync(Windows.UI.Input.Inking.InkRecognitionTarget.all).done
                (
                    // The recognitionResult object returned by recognizeAsync exposes the 
                    // bounding rect, strokes, and text candidates for each word. 
                    // In this example, we simply display the word count and recognition results.
                    function (results) {
                        // recognizeAsync does not automatically update existing recognition results in the ink manager.
                        // updateRecognitionResults is documented at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=265175.
                        inkManager.updateRecognitionResults(results);

                        var x = inkManager.getRecognizers();

                        // Display the number of words returned in results.
                        statusMessage.innerText = "Words recognized: " + results.length.toString();

                        // Iterate through each word and display the ranked list of possible matches.
                        for (var i = 0; i < results.length; i++) {
                            statusMessage.innerText += "\nWord" + (i+1).toString() + ":";
                            var alts = results[i].getTextCandidates();
                            for (var j = 0; j < alts.length; j++) {
                                statusMessage.innerText += " " + alts[j].toString();
                            }
                        }
                    },
                    function (e) {
                        displayError("InkManager::recognizeAsync: " + e.toString());
                    }
                );
            }
            catch (e) {
                displayError("recognize: " + e.toString());
            }
        }
        else {
            statusMessage.innerText = "No strokes to recognize.";
        }
    }

    // Returns true if any strokes inside the ink manager are selected; false otherwise.
    function anySelected() {
        var strokes = inkManager.getStrokes();
        var len = strokes.length;
        for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            if (strokes[i].selected) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }



})();


Tópicos relacionados

Conceitual
Respondendo à entrada de caneta
Guia de início rápido: capturando dados a tinta
Referência
Windows.Devices.Input
Windows.UI.Core
Windows.UI.Input
Windows.UI.Input.Inking
Amostras (DOM)
Entrada: amostra de manipulação de eventos de ponteiros DOM
Amostras (APIs de aplicativos da Windows Store )
Entrada: amostra de recursos de dispositivo
Entrada: amostra de tinta
Entrada: amostra de tinta simplificada

 

 

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