SPRZEDAŻ: 1-800-867-1389
EN
Ta zawartość nie jest dostępna w wymaganym języku. Wersja w języku angielskim znajduje się tutaj.

Set Container ACL

Updated: April 8, 2014

The Set Container ACL operation sets the permissions for the specified container. The permissions indicate whether blobs in a container may be accessed publicly.

Beginning with the 2009-09-19 version, the container permissions provide the following options for managing container access:

  • Full public read access: Container and blob data can be read via anonymous request. Clients can enumerate blobs within the container via anonymous request, but cannot enumerate containers within the storage account.

  • Public read access for blobs only: Blob data within this container can be read via anonymous request, but container data is not available. Clients cannot enumerate blobs within the container via anonymous request.

  • No public read access: Container and blob data can be read by the account owner only.

Set Container ACL also sets a stored access policy for use with shared access signatures. For more information, see Use a Stored Access Policy.

All public access to the container is anonymous, as is access via a shared access signature.

The Set Container ACL request may be constructed as follows. HTTPS is recommended. Replace myaccount with the name of your storage account:

 

Method Request URI HTTP Version

PUT

https://myaccount.blob.core.windows.net/mycontainer?restype=container&comp=acl

HTTP/1.1

When making a request against the emulated storage service, specify the emulator hostname and Blob service port as 127.0.0.1:10000, followed by the emulated storage account name:

 

Method Request URI HTTP Version

PUT

http://127.0.0.1:10000/devstoreaccount1/mycontainer?restype=container&comp=acl

HTTP/1.1

For more information, see Using the Azure Storage Emulator for Development and Testing.

The following additional parameters may be specified on the request URI.

 

Parameter Description

timeout

Optional. The timeout parameter is expressed in seconds. For more information, see Setting Timeouts for Blob Service Operations.

The following table describes required and optional request headers.

 

Request Header Description

Authorization

Required. Specifies the authentication scheme, account name, and signature. For more information, see Authentication for the Azure Storage Services.

Date or x-ms-date

Required. Specifies the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) for the request. For more information, see Authentication for the Azure Storage Services.

x-ms-version

Optional. Specifies the version of the operation to use for this request. For more information, see Versioning for the Azure Storage Services.

x-ms-blob-public-access

Optional. Specifies whether data in the container may be accessed publicly and the level of access. Possible values include:

  • container: Specifies full public read access for container and blob data. Clients can enumerate blobs within the container via anonymous request, but cannot enumerate containers within the storage account.

  • blob: Specifies public read access for blobs. Blob data within this container can be read via anonymous request, but container data is not available. Clients cannot enumerate blobs within the container via anonymous request.

If this header is not included in the request, container data is private to the account owner.

x-ms-lease-id: <ID>

Optional, version 2012-02-12 and newer. If specified, Set Container ACL only succeeds if the container's lease is active and matches this ID. If there is no active lease or the ID does not match, 412 (Precondition Failed) is returned.

x-ms-client-request-id

Optional. Provides a client-generated, opaque value with a 1 KB character limit that is recorded in the analytics logs when storage analytics logging is enabled. Using this header is highly recommended for correlating client-side activities with requests received by the server. For more information, see About Storage Analytics Logging and Azure Logging: Using Logs to Track Storage Requests.

This operation also supports the use of conditional headers to execute the operation only if a specified condition is met. For more information, see Specifying Conditional Headers for Blob Service Operations.

To specify a stored access policy, provide a unique identifier and access policy in the request body for the Set Container ACL operation.

The SignedIdentifier element includes the unique identifier, as specified in the Id element, and the details of the access policy, as specified in the AccessPolicy element. The maximum length of the unique identifier is 64 characters.

The Start and Expiry fields must be expressed as UTC times and must adhere to a valid ISO 8061 format. Supported ISO 8061 formats include the following:

  • YYYY-MM-DD

  • YYYY-MM-DDThh:mmTZD

  • YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssTZD

  • YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.fffffffTZD

For the date portion of these formats, YYYY is a four-digit year representation, MM is a two-digit month representation, and DD is a two-digit day representation. For the time portion, hh is the hour representation in 24-hour notation, mm is the two-digit minute representation, ss is the two-digit second representation, and fffffff is the seven-digit millisecond representation. A time designator T separates the date and time portions of the string, while a time zone designator TZD specifies a time zone.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<SignedIdentifiers>
  <SignedIdentifier> 
    <Id>unique-64-character-value</Id>
    <AccessPolicy>
      <Start>start-time</Start>
      <Expiry>expiry-time</Expiry>
      <Permission>abbreviated-permission-list</Permission>
    </AccessPolicy>
  </SignedIdentifier>
</SignedIdentifiers>

Request Syntax:
PUT https://myaccount.blob.core.windows.net/mycontainer?restype=container&comp=acl HTTP/1.1

Request Headers:
x-ms-version: 2011-08-18
x-ms-date: Sun, 25 Sep 2011 00:42:49 GMT
x-ms-blob-public-access: container
Authorization: SharedKey myaccount:V47F2tYLS29MmHPhiR8FyiCny9zO5De3kVSF0RYQHmo=

Request Body:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<SignedIdentifiers>
  <SignedIdentifier> 
    <Id>MTIzNDU2Nzg5MDEyMzQ1Njc4OTAxMjM0NTY3ODkwMTI=</Id>
    <AccessPolicy>
      <Start>2009-09-28T08:49:37.0000000Z</Start>
      <Expiry>2009-09-29T08:49:37.0000000Z</Expiry>
      <Permission>rwd</Permission>
    </AccessPolicy>
  </SignedIdentifier>
</SignedIdentifiers>

The response includes an HTTP status code and a set of response headers.

A successful operation returns status code 200 (OK).

For information about status codes, see Status and Error Codes.

The response for this operation includes the following headers. The response may also include additional standard HTTP headers. All standard headers conform to the HTTP/1.1 protocol specification.

 

Response header Description

ETag

The ETag for the container. If the request version is 2011-08-18 or newer, the ETag value will be in quotes.

Last-Modified

Returns the date and time the container was last modified. The date format follows RFC 1123. For more information, see Representation of Date/Time Values in Headers.

Any operation that modifies the container or its properties or metadata updates the last modified time, including setting the container's permissions. Operations on blobs do not affect the last modified time of the container.

x-ms-request-id

This header uniquely identifies the request that was made and can be used for troubleshooting the request. For more information, see Troubleshooting API Operations

x-ms-version

Indicates the version of the Blob service used to execute the request. This header is returned for requests made against version 2009-09-19 and later.

Date

A UTC date/time value generated by the service that indicates the time at which the response was initiated.

Response Status:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Response Headers:
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Sun, 25 Sep 2011 22:42:55 GMT
ETag: "0x8CB171613397EAB"
Last-Modified: Sun, 25 Sep 2011 22:42:55 GMT
x-ms-version: 2011-08-18
Server: Windows-Azure-Blob/1.0 Microsoft-HTTPAPI/2.0

Only the account owner may call this operation.

Only the account owner may access resources in a particular container, unless the owner has specified that container resources are available for public access by setting the permissions on the container, or has issued a shared access signature for a resource within the container.

When you set permissions for a container, the existing permissions are replaced. To update the container's permissions, call Get Container ACL to fetch all access policies associated with the container, modify the access policy that you wish to change, and then call Set Container ACL with the complete set of data to perform the update.

Enabling Anonymous Public Access on Container Data

To enable anonymous public read access on container data, call Set Container ACL with the x-ms-blob-public-access header set to container or blob. To disable anonymous access, call Set Container ACL without specifying the x-ms-blob-public-access header.

If you set x-ms-blob-public-access to blob, clients can call the following operations anonymously:

If you set x-ms-blob-public-access to container, clients can call the following operations anonymously:

Establishing Container-Level Access Policies

A stored access policy can specify the start time, expiry time, and permissions for the shared access signatures with which it's associated. Depending on how you want to control access to your container or blob resource, you can specify all of these parameters within the stored access policy, and omit them from the URL for the shared access signature. Doing so permits you to modify the associated signature's behavior at any time, as well as to revoke it. Or you can specify one or more of the access policy parameters within the stored access policy, and the others on the URL. Finally, you can specify all of the parameters on the URL. In this case, you can use the stored access policy to revoke the signature, but not to modify its behavior. See specifying a Use a Stored Access Policy for more information about establishing access policies.

Together the shared access signature and the stored access policy must include all fields required to authenticate the signature. If any required fields are missing, the request will fail. Likewise, if a field is specified both in the shared access signature URL and in the stored access policy, the request will fail with status code 400 (Bad Request). See Creating a Shared Access Signature for more information about the fields that comprise a shared access signature.

At most five separate access policies can be set for a given container at any time. If more than five access policies are passed in the request body, then the service returns status code 400 (Bad Request).

A shared access signature can be issued on a container or a blob regardless of whether container data is available for anonymous read access. A shared access signature provides a greater measure of control over how, when, and to whom a resource is made accessible.

noteNote
When you establish a stored access policy on a container, it may take up to 30 seconds to take effect. During this interval, a shared access signature that is associated with the stored access policy will fail with status code 403 (Forbidden), until the access policy becomes active.

Czy oceniasz te materiały jako pomocne?
(Pozostało znaków: 1500)
Dziękujemy za opinię.
Pokaż:
© 2014 Microsoft