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sys.dm_db_missing_index_details (Transact-SQL)

Returns detailed information about missing indexes, excluding spatial indexes.

In Azure SQL Database, dynamic management views cannot expose information that would impact database containment or expose information about other databases the user has access to. To avoid exposing this information, every row that contains data that doesn’t belong to the connected tenant is filtered out.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.

Column name

Data type

Description

index_handle

int

Identifies a particular missing index. The identifier is unique across the server. index_handle is the key of this table.

database_id

smallint

Identifies the database where the table with the missing index resides.

object_id

int

Identifies the table where the index is missing.

equality_columns

nvarchar(4000)

Comma-separated list of columns that contribute to equality predicates of the form:

table.column =constant_value

inequality_columns

nvarchar(4000)

Comma-separated list of columns that contribute to inequality predicates, for example, predicates of the form:

table.column > constant_value

Any comparison operator other than "=" expresses inequality.

included_columns

nvarchar(4000)

Comma-separated list of columns needed as covering columns for the query. For more information about covering or included columns, see Create Indexes with Included Columns.

For memory-optimized indexes (both hash and memory-optimized nonclustered), ignore included_columns. All columns of the table are included in every memory-optimized index.

statement

nvarchar(4000)

Name of the table where the index is missing.

Information returned by sys.dm_db_missing_index_details is updated when a query is optimized by the query optimizer, and is not persisted. Missing index information is kept only until SQL Server is restarted. Database administrators should periodically make backup copies of the missing index information if they want to keep it after server recycling.

To determine which missing index groups a particular missing index is part of, you can query the sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups dynamic management view by equijoining it with sys.dm_db_missing_index_details based on the index_handle column.

Using Missing Index Information in CREATE INDEX Statements

To convert the information returned by sys.dm_db_missing_index_details into a CREATE INDEX statement for both memory-optimized and disk-based indexes, equality columns should be put before the inequality columns, and together they should make the key of the index. Included columns should be added to the CREATE INDEX statement using the INCLUDE clause. To determine an effective order for the equality columns, order them based on their selectivity: list the most selective columns first (leftmost in the column list).

For more information about memory-optimized indexes, see Guidelines for Using Indexes on Memory-Optimized Tables.

Transaction Consistency

If a transaction creates or drops a table, the rows containing missing index information about the dropped objects are removed from this dynamic management object, preserving transaction consistency.

Users must be granted the VIEW SERVER STATE permission or any permission that implies the VIEW SERVER STATE permission to query this dynamic management view.

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