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IBackgroundCopyCallback2 interface

Implement this interface to receive notification that a file has completed downloading. Instead of polling for the download status of a file, clients use this interface.

To receive notifications, call the IBackgroundCopyJob::SetNotifyInterface method to specify the interface pointer to your IBackgroundCopyCallback implementation. To specify which notifications you want to receive, call the IBackgroundCopyJob::SetNotifyFlags method.

You must implement all methods of this interface and the IBackgroundCopyCallback interface. For example, if you do not register for the file transferred callback, your FileTransferred method must still return S_OK. If you do not want to receive the file transferred callback, you can simply implement the IBackgroundCopyCallback instead.

Members

The IBackgroundCopyCallback2 interface inherits from IBackgroundCopyCallback. IBackgroundCopyCallback2 also has these types of members:

Methods

The IBackgroundCopyCallback2 interface has these methods.

MethodDescription
FileTransferred

Called when BITS successfully finishes transferring a file.

 

Remarks

For more details on implementing this interface, see the IBackgroundCopyCallback interface.

Examples

The following example shows an IBackgroundCopyCallback2 implementation. This example also shows how to handle reentrant calls in the JobModification callback for a single-threaded apartment model.


#define TWO_GB 2147483648    // 2GB


class CNotifyInterface : public IBackgroundCopyCallback2
{
  LONG m_lRefCount;
  LONG m_PendingJobModificationCount;

public:
  //Constructor, Destructor
  CNotifyInterface() {m_lRefCount = 1; m_PendingJobModificationCount = 0;};
  ~CNotifyInterface() {};

  //IUnknown
  HRESULT __stdcall QueryInterface(REFIID riid, LPVOID *ppvObj);
  ULONG __stdcall AddRef();
  ULONG __stdcall Release();

  //IBackgroundCopyCallback methods
  HRESULT __stdcall JobTransferred(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob);
  HRESULT __stdcall JobError(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, IBackgroundCopyError* pError);
  HRESULT __stdcall JobModification(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, DWORD dwReserved);
  HRESULT __stdcall FileTransferred(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, IBackgroundCopyFile* pFile);
};

HRESULT CNotifyInterface::QueryInterface(REFIID riid, LPVOID* ppvObj) 
{
  if (riid == __uuidof(IUnknown) || 
      riid == __uuidof(IBackgroundCopyCallback) ||
      riid == __uuidof(IBackgroundCopyCallback2)) 
  {
    *ppvObj = this;
  }
  else
  {
    *ppvObj = NULL;
    return E_NOINTERFACE;
  }

  AddRef();
  return NOERROR;
}

ULONG CNotifyInterface::AddRef() 
{
  return InterlockedIncrement(&m_lRefCount);
}

ULONG CNotifyInterface::Release() 
{
  ULONG  ulCount = InterlockedDecrement(&m_lRefCount);

  if(0 == ulCount) 
  {
    delete this;
  }

  return ulCount;
}

HRESULT CNotifyInterface::JobTransferred(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob)
{
  HRESULT hr;

  //Add logic that will not block the callback thread. If you need to perform
  //extensive logic at this time, consider creating a separate thread to perform
  //the work.

  hr = pJob->Complete();
  if (FAILED(hr))
  {
    //Handle error. BITS probably was unable to rename one or more of the 
    //temporary files. See the Remarks section of the IBackgroundCopyJob::Complete 
    //method for more details.
  }

  //If you do not return S_OK, BITS continues to call this callback.
  return S_OK;
}

HRESULT CNotifyInterface::JobError(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, IBackgroundCopyError* pError)
{
  HRESULT hr;
  BG_FILE_PROGRESS Progress;
  BG_ERROR_CONTEXT Context;
  HRESULT ErrorCode = S_OK;
  WCHAR* pszJobName = NULL;
  WCHAR* pszErrorDescription = NULL;
  BOOL IsError = TRUE;

  //Use pJob and pError to retrieve information of interest. For example,
  //if the job is an upload reply, call the IBackgroundCopyError::GetError method 
  //to determine the context in which the job failed. If the context is 
  //BG_JOB_CONTEXT_REMOTE_APPLICATION, the server application that received the 
  //upload file failed.

  hr = pError->GetError(&Context, &ErrorCode);

  //If the proxy or server does not support the Content-Range header or if
  //antivirus software removes the range requests, BITS returns BG_E_INSUFFICIENT_RANGE_SUPPORT.
  //This implementation tries to switch the job to foreground priority, so
  //the content has a better chance of being successfully downloaded.
  if (BG_E_INSUFFICIENT_RANGE_SUPPORT == ErrorCode)
  {
    hr = pError->GetFile(&pFile);
    hr = pFile->GetProgress(&Progress);
    if (BG_SIZE_UNKNOWN == Progress.BytesTotal)
    {
      //The content is dynamic, do not change priority. Handle as an error.
    }
    else if (Progress.BytesTotal > TWO_GB)
    {
      //BITS does not use range requests if the content is less than 2 GB. 
      //However, if the content is greater than 2 GB, BITS
      //uses 2 GB ranges to download the file, so switching to foreground 
      //priority will not help.
    }
    else
    {
      hr = pJob->SetPriority(BG_JOB_PRIORITY_FOREGROUND);
      hr = pJob->Resume();
      IsError = FALSE;
    }

    pFile->Release();
  }

  if (TRUE == IsError)
  {
    hr = pJob->GetDisplayName(&pszJobName);
    hr = pError->GetErrorDescription(LANGIDFROMLCID(GetThreadLocale()), &pszErrorDescription);

    if (pszJobName && pszErrorDescription)
    {
      //Do something with the job name and description. 
    }

    CoTaskMemFree(pszJobName);
    CoTaskMemFree(pszErrorDescription);
  }

  //If you do not return S_OK, BITS continues to call this callback.
  return S_OK;
}

HRESULT CNotifyInterface::JobModification(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, DWORD dwReserved)
{
  HRESULT hr;
  WCHAR* pszJobName = NULL;
  BG_JOB_PROGRESS Progress;
  BG_JOB_STATE State;

  //If you are already processing a callback, ignore this notification.
  if (InterlockedCompareExchange(&m_PendingJobModificationCount, 1, 0) == 1)
  {
    return S_OK;
  }

  hr = pJob->GetDisplayName(&pszJobName);
  if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
  {
    hr = pJob->GetProgress(&Progress);
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
      hr = pJob->GetState(&State);
      if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
      {
        //Do something with the progress and state information.
        //BITS generates a high volume of modification
        //callbacks. Use this callback with discretion. Consider creating a timer and 
        //polling for state and progress information.
      }
    }
    CoTaskMemFree(pszJobName);
  }

  m_PendingJobModificationCount = 0;

  return S_OK;
}

HRESULT CNotifyInterface::FileTransferred(IBackgroundCopyJob* pJob, IBackgroundCopyFile* pFile)
{
  HRESULT hr = S_OK;
  IBackgroundCopyFile3* pFile3 = NULL;
  BOOL IsValid = FALSE;

  hr = pFile->QueryInterface(__uuidof(IBackgroundCopyFile3), (void**)&pFile3);
  if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
  {
    // Add code to validate downloaded content and set IsValid.

    hr = pFile3->SetValidationState(IsValid);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
      // Handle error
    }

    pFile3->Release();
  }

	return S_OK;
}

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows Vista

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008

Header

Bits3_0.h (include Bits.h)

IDL

Bits3_0.idl

Library

Bits.lib

See also

IBackgroundCopyCallback
IBackgroundCopyJob::SetNotifyFlags
IBackgroundCopyJob::SetNotifyInterface

 

 

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