Int32.CompareTo Method (Int32)

July 28, 2014

Compares this instance to a specified 32-bit signed integer and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is greater than, less than, or equal to the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public int CompareTo(
	int value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.Int32
An integer to compare.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

Return Value

Description

Less than zero

This instance is less than value.

Zero

This instance is equal to value.

Greater than zero

This instance is greater than value.

Implements

IComparable<T>.CompareTo(T)

This method implements the System.IComparable<T> interface and performs slightly better than the Int32.CompareTo method because it does not have to convert the value parameter to an object.

Depending on your programming language, it might be possible to code a CompareTo method where the parameter type has fewer bits (is narrower) than the instance type. This is possible because some programming languages perform an implicit widening conversion that represents the parameter as a type with as many bits as the instance.

For example, suppose the instance type is Int32 and the parameter type is Byte. The Microsoft C# compiler generates instructions to represent the value of the parameter as an Int32, then generates a Int32.CompareTo method that compares the values of the Int32 instance and the Int32 parameter representation.

Consult your programming language's documentation to determine whether its compiler performs implicit widening conversions on numeric types.

The following example demonstrates the Int32.CompareTo(Int32) method. In addition to displaying the value returned by the method for four different comparisons, it converts the return value to a member of the custom Comparison enumeration, whose value it also displays.


using System;

enum Comparison
{
   LessThan = -1, Equal = 0, GreaterThan = 1
};

public class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      int mainValue = 16325;
      int zeroValue = 0;
      int negativeValue = -1934;
      int positiveValue = 903624;
      int sameValue = 16325;

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2} ({3}).",
                        mainValue, zeroValue,
                        mainValue.CompareTo(zeroValue),
                        (Comparison)mainValue.CompareTo(zeroValue)) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2} ({3}).",
                        mainValue, sameValue,
                        mainValue.CompareTo(sameValue),
                        (Comparison)mainValue.CompareTo(sameValue)) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2} ({3}).",
                        mainValue, negativeValue,
                        mainValue.CompareTo(negativeValue),
                        (Comparison)mainValue.CompareTo(negativeValue)) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2} ({3}).",
                        mainValue, positiveValue,
                        mainValue.CompareTo(positiveValue),
                        (Comparison)mainValue.CompareTo(positiveValue)) + "\n";
   }
}


Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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