Glyphs Class

July 28, 2014

Provides a visual representation of letters, characters, or symbols, in a specific font and style.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Documents
Assembly:  System.Windows (in System.Windows.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: Not mapped to an xmlns.

public sealed class Glyphs : FrameworkElement
<Glyphs .../>

The Glyphs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodGlyphsInitializes a new instance of the Glyphs class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyActualHeightGets the rendered height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyActualWidthGets the rendered width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyAllowDropGets or sets a value that determines whether this UIElement can be a drop target for purposes of drag-and-drop operations. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyCacheModeGets or sets a value that indicates that rendered content should be cached when possible. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyClipGets or sets the Geometry used to define the outline of the contents of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyCursorInfrastructure. Gets or sets the cursor image that displays while the pointer is over a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDataContextGets or sets the data context for a FrameworkElement when it participates in data binding. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDesiredSizeGets the size that this UIElement computed during the measure pass of the layout process. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyFillGets or sets the Brush that is used to render the glyphs.
Public propertyFlowDirectionGets or sets the direction that text and other user interface elements flow within any parent element that controls their layout. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyFontRenderingEmSizeGets or sets the font size used for rendering the glyphs.
Public propertyFontSourceGets or sets the font source that is applied to the Glyphs for rendering content.
Public propertyFontUriGets or sets the location of the font used for rendering the glyphs.
Public propertyHeightGets or sets the suggested height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyHorizontalAlignmentGets or sets the horizontal alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a layout parent, such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyIndicesGets or sets the glyph indices for the glyphs.
Public propertyIsHitTestVisibleGets or sets whether the contained area of this UIElement can return true values for hit testing. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyLanguageGets or sets localization/globalization language information that applies to a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMarginGets or sets the outer margin of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxHeightGets or sets the maximum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxWidthGets or sets the maximum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinHeightGets or sets the minimum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinWidthGets or sets the minimum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyNameGets or sets the identifying name of the object. When a XAML processor creates the object tree from XAML markup, run-time code can refer to the XAML-declared object by this name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyOpacityGets or sets the degree of the object's opacity. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyOpacityMaskGets or sets the brush used to alter the opacity of regions of this object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyOriginXGets or sets the x origin for the glyphs.
Public propertyOriginYGets or sets the y origin for the glyphs.
Public propertyParentGets the parent object of this FrameworkElement in the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyProjectionGets or sets the perspective projection (3-D effect) to apply when rendering this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderSizeGets the final render size of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformGets or sets transform information that affects the rendering position of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformOriginGets or sets the origin point of any possible render transform declared by RenderTransform, relative to the bounds of the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyResourcesGets the locally defined resource dictionary. In XAML, you can establish resource items as child object elements of a frameworkElement.Resources property element, through XAML implicit collection syntax. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyStyleGets or sets an instance Style that is applied for this object during rendering. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyStyleSimulationsGets or sets the style simulations applied to the glyphs.
Public propertyTagGets or sets an arbitrary object value that can be used to store custom information about this object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyTriggersGets the collection of triggers for animations that are defined for a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyUnicodeStringGets or sets the Unicode string to render in glyphs.
Public propertyUseLayoutRoundingGets or sets a value that determines whether rendering for the object and its visual subtree should use rounding behavior that aligns rendering to whole pixels. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyUseOptimizedManipulationRoutingGets or sets a value that indicates whether the system should handle input events or whether the FrameworkElement should handle input events. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVerticalAlignmentGets or sets the vertical alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a parent object such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVisibilityGets or sets the visibility of a UIElement. A UIElement that is not visible does not render and does not communicate its desired size to layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodAddHandlerAdds a routed event handler for a specified routed event, adding the handler to the handler collection on the current element. Specify handledEventsToo as true to have the provided handler be invoked for routed event that had already been marked as handled by another element along the event route. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodArrangePositions child objects and determines a size for a UIElement. Parent objects that implement custom layout for their child elements should call this method from their layout override implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodArrangeOverrideProvides the behavior for the Arrange pass of Windows Phone layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Arrange pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodCaptureMouseSets touch capture to a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this object. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodClearValueClears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the Object is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindNameRetrieves an object that has the specified identifier name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodGetAnimationBaseValueReturns any base value established for a Windows Phone dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetBindingExpressionRetrieves the BindingExpression for a dependency property where a binding is established. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodInvalidateArrangeInvalidates the arrange state (layout) for a UIElement. After the invalidation, the UIElement will have its layout updated, which will occur asynchronously. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodInvalidateMeasureInvalidates the measurement state (layout) for a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodMeasureUpdates the DesiredSize of a UIElement. Typically, objects that implement custom layout for their layout children call this method from their own MeasureOverride implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodMeasureOverrideProvides the behavior for the Measure pass of Windows Phone layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Measure pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodOnApplyTemplateWhen overridden in a derived class, is invoked whenever application code or internal processes (such as a rebuilding layout pass) call ApplyTemplate. In simplest terms, this means the method is called just before a UI element displays in an application. For more information, see Remarks. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Protected methodOnCreateAutomationPeerWhen implemented in a derived class, returns class-specific AutomationPeer implementations for the Windows Phone automation infrastructure. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodReleaseMouseCaptureRemoves touch capture from a UIElement. After this call, typically no object holds touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodRemoveHandlerRemoves the specified routed event handler from this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodSetBindingAttaches a binding to a FrameworkElement, using the provided binding object, and returns a BindingExpressionBase for possible later use. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodSetValueSets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodTransformToVisualReturns a transform object that can be used to transform coordinates from the UIElement to the specified object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodUpdateLayoutEnsures that all positions of child objects of a UIElement are properly updated for layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventBindingValidationErrorOccurs when a data validation error is reported by a binding source. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventDoubleTapOccurs when a DoubleTap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventGotFocusOccurs when a UIElement receives focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventHoldOccurs when a Hold gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyDownOccurs when a keyboard key is pressed while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyUpOccurs when a keyboard key is released while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLayoutUpdatedOccurs when the layout of the Windows Phone visual tree changes. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLoadedOccurs when a FrameworkElement has been constructed and added to the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLostFocusOccurs when a UIElement loses focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLostMouseCaptureOccurs when the UIElement loses touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationCompletedOccurs when a manipulation and inertia on the UIElement is complete. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationDeltaOccurs when the input device changes position during a manipulation. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationStartedOccurs when an input device begins a manipulation on the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseEnterOccurs when a screen tap occurs within the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeaveOccurs when a touch event occurs outside the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonDownOccurs when a UIElement is tapped. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonUpOccurs when the finger is lifted off of a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseMoveOccurs when the coordinate position of the finger on the screen while touching a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseWheelInfrastructure. Occurs when the user rotates the mouse wheel while the mouse pointer is over a UIElement, or the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventSizeChangedOccurs when either the ActualHeight or the ActualWidth properties change value on a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventTapOccurs when a Tap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputOccurs when a UI element gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputStartOccurs when a UI element initially gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputUpdateOccurs when text continues to be composed via an input method editor (IME). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventUnloadedOccurs when this object is no longer connected to the main object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberFillPropertyIdentifies the Fill dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontRenderingEmSizePropertyIdentifies the FontRenderingEmSize dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontUriPropertyIdentifies the FontUri dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberIndicesPropertyIdentifies the Indices dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberOriginXPropertyIdentifies the OriginX dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberOriginYPropertyIdentifies the OriginY dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberStyleSimulationsPropertyIdentifies the StyleSimulations dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberUnicodeStringPropertyIdentifies the UnicodeString dependency property.
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Glyphs is a low-level mechanism for rendering text that has been preformatted by a text layout and writing system engine, such as an XPS document. For all other scenarios, TextBlock should be used.

Glyphs does not have a content property (you do not define the glyphs by declaring text as the inner text of a Glyphs object element). Instead, you specify the individual glyphs by setting two properties:

  • UnicodeString—a string value that captures the Unicode in an XML-compatible encoding.

  • Indices—also a string, but this property uses a specialized mini-language that references glyphs by their font index order, and optionally specifies advance and offset spacings.

Usually, a glyphs element should be written with both the Indices and UnicodeString properties. The Indices property is used by rendering software to display the glyphs element on the screen, while the UnicodeString property provides the original Unicode text for use by applications such as document viewers that support text search features, to allow copying text from the document to another application, or to support an accessibility screen reader. (There is no reliable general method to map from glyph indices to Unicode code points.)

If a glyphs element is to be used only for rendering, the UnicodeString property can be omitted. An application that includes its own text formatting code, complex script writing system code, and font fallback implementation might generate such glyphs elements, while providing its own support for search, copy/paste, and accessibility.

When the mapping of Unicode characters to glyph indices and positions is trivial, a glyphs element can set UnicodeString but not set Indices, as an optimization for XPS document size. In this case, the mapping from UTF-16 Unicode code point to glyph index must match the mappings specified in the font character map table, and the advance width of the character must be exactly that specified in the font hmtx table (scaled linearly by the font size). Additionally, as with any glyphs element, all the text must be rendered by the font file specified in FontUri. These restrictions severely limit text displayed this way. The following are the specific limitations of a glyphs element that has a Unicode string but no indices property:

  • Font fallback is not supported, and all characters must be supported by the specified font file.

  • Code points beyond U+ffff (surrogate code points, used for many East Asian characters) cannot be displayed.

  • Writing systems that require contextual substitution cannot be displayed. The following is a partial list of such systems:

    • Korean (Jamos)

    • Arabic, Farsi, Urdu, Syriac, Thaana

    • Hebrew

    • Thai, Lao, Khmer

    • Philippine (Tagalog, Hanunoo, Buhid, Tagbanwa)

    • Indic (Devanagari, Bangla, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Sinhala)

    • Tibetan

    • Limbu

    • Ethiopic

    • Mongolian

In addition to the glyph information, a Glyphs element must always specify a FontUri property value. There is no default or fallback characteristic that will provide a valid value. If you are defining Glyphs in XAML, a parser error will occur if you fail to specify a FontUri value or fail to specify any glyph information either by UnicodeString or GlyphIndex values in the Indices property.

One way to use Glyphs is with the XML Paper Specification (XPS) document format output of a document-producing application such as Microsoft Office Word 2007. The XPS format produces packages that define the document. One part of this package format is a XAML page that declares a FixedPage element defined by the XPS schema (this schema has the namespace http://schemas.microsoft.com/xps/2005/06). Glyphs is also an element of that schema. You can open up the package, find your FixedPage parts, extract the Glyphs from them, and paste the Glyphs into your XAML for Windows Phone.

Note that the XPS Glyphs uses some attributes, such as BidiLevel, that are not part of the XAML subset for Windows Phone, so you might have to remove some attributes before the transferred Glyphs is valid for Windows Phone. Also, the transferred Glyphs will frequently reference a FontUri value already. The URI it references is another part of the XPS package, usually a font that is obfuscated, subsetted, and packaged explicitly for the XPS content that was authored. To use this same Glyphs in Windows Phone, extract that font information from the XPS package, save it as a file with the appropriate extension, and make that font information available and downloadable as part of your application. Depending on your deployment and application structure, you might need to slightly adjust the path in the FontUri output from the original XPS. However, you cannot change the file name or extension of the obfuscated font file.

Note that the default Fill value for Glyphs is null, and the default FontRenderingEmSize value is 0. Therefore, in order to render anything with Glyphs, you should specify working values either in XAML or script. This is in contrast to the TextBlock object, which has default values of Black and 11, respectively, for its analogous properties.

NoteNote:

As with most types of software, font files are licensed, rather than sold, and licenses that govern the use of fonts vary from vendor to vendor. As a developer, it is your responsibility to ensure that you have the required license rights for any font you embed in a document or application, or otherwise redistribute.

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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