TextBlock Class

July 28, 2014

Provides a lightweight control for displaying small amounts of text..

Namespace:  System.Windows.Controls
Assembly:  System.Windows (in System.Windows.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: Not mapped to an xmlns.

'Declaration
<ContentPropertyAttribute("Inlines", True)> _
Public NotInheritable Class TextBlock _
	Inherits FrameworkElement
<TextBlock ...>text</TextBlock>
-or-
<TextBlock>
  oneOrMoreInlineElements
</TextBlock>
-or-
<TextBlock .../>

XAML Values

text

Inner text that is displayed in the TextBlock. This text becomes the value of the Text property. It also creates a single new Run object in the Inlines collection that holds the same text.

oneOrMoreInlineElements

One or more Run or LineBreak elements.

The TextBlock type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodTextBlockInitializes a new instance of the TextBlock class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyActualHeightGets the rendered height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyActualWidthGets the rendered width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyAllowDropGets or sets a value that determines whether this UIElement can be a drop target for purposes of drag-and-drop operations. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyBaselineOffsetReturns a value by which each line of text is offset from a baseline.
Public propertyCacheModeGets or sets a value that indicates that rendered content should be cached when possible. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyCharacterSpacingGets or sets the distance between characters of text in the control measured in 1000ths of the font size.
Public propertyClipGets or sets the Geometry used to define the outline of the contents of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyCursorInfrastructure. Gets or sets the cursor image that displays while the pointer is over a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDataContextGets or sets the data context for a FrameworkElement when it participates in data binding. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDesiredSizeGets the size that this UIElement computed during the measure pass of the layout process. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyFlowDirectionGets or sets the direction that text and other user interface elements flow within any parent element that controls their layout. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyFontFamilyGets or sets the preferred top-level font family for the text content in this element.
Public propertyFontSizeGets or sets the font size for the text content in this element.
Public propertyFontSourceGets or sets the font source that is applied to the text for rendering content.
Public propertyFontStretchGets or sets the font stretch for the text content in this element.
Public propertyFontStyleGets or sets the font style for the content in this element.
Public propertyFontWeightGets or sets the top-level font weight for the TextBlock.
Public propertyForegroundGets or sets the Brush to apply to the text contents of the TextBlock.
Public propertyHeightGets or sets the suggested height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyHorizontalAlignmentGets or sets the horizontal alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a layout parent, such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyInlinesGets the collection of inline text elements within a TextBlock.
Public propertyIsHitTestVisibleGets or sets whether the contained area of this UIElement can return true values for hit testing. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyLanguageGets or sets localization/globalization language information that applies to a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyLineHeightGets or sets the height of each line of content.
Public propertyLineStackingStrategyGets or sets a value that indicates how a line box is determined for each line of text in the TextBlock.
Public propertyMarginGets or sets the outer margin of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxHeightGets or sets the maximum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxWidthGets or sets the maximum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinHeightGets or sets the minimum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinWidthGets or sets the minimum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyNameGets or sets the identifying name of the object. When a XAML processor creates the object tree from XAML markup, run-time code can refer to the XAML-declared object by this name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyOpacityGets or sets the degree of the object's opacity. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyOpacityMaskGets or sets the brush used to alter the opacity of regions of this object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyPaddingGets or sets a value that indicates the thickness of padding space between the boundaries of the content area and the content displayed by a TextBlock.
Public propertyParentGets the parent object of this FrameworkElement in the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyProjectionGets or sets the perspective projection (3-D effect) to apply when rendering this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderSizeGets the final render size of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformGets or sets transform information that affects the rendering position of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformOriginGets or sets the origin point of any possible render transform declared by RenderTransform, relative to the bounds of the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyResourcesGets the locally defined resource dictionary. In XAML, you can establish resource items as child object elements of a frameworkElement.Resources property element, through XAML implicit collection syntax. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyStyleGets or sets an instance Style that is applied for this object during rendering. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyTagGets or sets an arbitrary object value that can be used to store custom information about this object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyTextGets or sets the text contents of a TextBlock.
Public propertyTextAlignmentGets or sets a value that indicates the horizontal alignment of text content.
Public propertyTextDecorationsGets or sets a value that specifies the text decorations that are applied to the content in a TextBlock element.
Public propertyTextTrimmingGets or sets the text trimming behavior to employ when content overflows the content area.
Public propertyTextWrappingGets or sets how the TextBlock wraps text.
Public propertyTriggersGets the collection of triggers for animations that are defined for a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyUseLayoutRoundingGets or sets a value that determines whether rendering for the object and its visual subtree should use rounding behavior that aligns rendering to whole pixels. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyUseOptimizedManipulationRoutingGets or sets a value that indicates whether the system should handle input events or whether the FrameworkElement should handle input events. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVerticalAlignmentGets or sets the vertical alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a parent object such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVisibilityGets or sets the visibility of a UIElement. A UIElement that is not visible does not render and does not communicate its desired size to layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodAddHandlerAdds a routed event handler for a specified routed event, adding the handler to the handler collection on the current element. Specify handledEventsToo as true to have the provided handler be invoked for routed event that had already been marked as handled by another element along the event route. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodArrangePositions child objects and determines a size for a UIElement. Parent objects that implement custom layout for their child elements should call this method from their layout override implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodArrangeOverrideProvides the behavior for the Arrange pass of Windows Phone layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Arrange pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodCaptureMouseSets touch capture to a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this object. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodClearValueClears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the Object is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindNameRetrieves an object that has the specified identifier name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodGetAnimationBaseValueReturns any base value established for a Windows Phone dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetBindingExpressionRetrieves the BindingExpression for a dependency property where a binding is established. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodInvalidateArrangeInvalidates the arrange state (layout) for a UIElement. After the invalidation, the UIElement will have its layout updated, which will occur asynchronously. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodInvalidateMeasureInvalidates the measurement state (layout) for a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodMeasureUpdates the DesiredSize of a UIElement. Typically, objects that implement custom layout for their layout children call this method from their own MeasureOverride implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodMeasureOverrideProvides the behavior for the Measure pass of Windows Phone layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Measure pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodOnApplyTemplateWhen overridden in a derived class, is invoked whenever application code or internal processes (such as a rebuilding layout pass) call ApplyTemplate. In simplest terms, this means the method is called just before a UI element displays in an application. For more information, see Remarks. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Protected methodOnCreateAutomationPeerWhen implemented in a derived class, returns class-specific AutomationPeer implementations for the Windows Phone automation infrastructure. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodReleaseMouseCaptureRemoves touch capture from a UIElement. After this call, typically no object holds touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodRemoveHandlerRemoves the specified routed event handler from this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodSetBindingAttaches a binding to a FrameworkElement, using the provided binding object, and returns a BindingExpressionBase for possible later use. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodSetValueSets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodTransformToVisualReturns a transform object that can be used to transform coordinates from the UIElement to the specified object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodUpdateLayoutEnsures that all positions of child objects of a UIElement are properly updated for layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventBindingValidationErrorOccurs when a data validation error is reported by a binding source. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventDoubleTapOccurs when a DoubleTap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventGotFocusOccurs when a UIElement receives focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventHoldOccurs when a Hold gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyDownOccurs when a keyboard key is pressed while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyUpOccurs when a keyboard key is released while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLayoutUpdatedOccurs when the layout of the Windows Phone visual tree changes. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLoadedOccurs when a FrameworkElement has been constructed and added to the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLostFocusOccurs when a UIElement loses focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLostMouseCaptureOccurs when the UIElement loses touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationCompletedOccurs when a manipulation and inertia on the UIElement is complete. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationDeltaOccurs when the input device changes position during a manipulation. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationStartedOccurs when an input device begins a manipulation on the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseEnterOccurs when a screen tap occurs within the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeaveOccurs when a touch event occurs outside the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonDownOccurs when a UIElement is tapped. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonUpOccurs when the finger is lifted off of a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseMoveOccurs when the coordinate position of the finger on the screen while touching a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseWheelInfrastructure. Occurs when the user rotates the mouse wheel while the mouse pointer is over a UIElement, or the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventSizeChangedOccurs when either the ActualHeight or the ActualWidth properties change value on a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventTapOccurs when a Tap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputOccurs when a UI element gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputStartOccurs when a UI element initially gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputUpdateOccurs when text continues to be composed via an input method editor (IME). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventUnloadedOccurs when this object is no longer connected to the main object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberCharacterSpacingPropertyIdentifies the CharacterSpacing dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontFamilyPropertyIdentifies the FontFamily dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontSizePropertyIdentifies the FontSize dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontStretchPropertyIdentifies the FontStretch dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontStylePropertyIdentifies the FontStyle dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberFontWeightPropertyIdentifies the FontWeight dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberForegroundPropertyIdentifies the Foreground dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberLineHeightPropertyIdentifies the LineHeight dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberLineStackingStrategyPropertyIdentifies the LineStackingStrategy dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberPaddingPropertyIdentifies the Padding dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberTextAlignmentPropertyIdentifies the TextAlignment dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberTextDecorationsPropertyIdentifies the TextDecorations dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberTextPropertyIdentifies the Text dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberTextTrimmingPropertyIdentifies the TextTrimming dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberTextWrappingPropertyIdentifies the TextWrapping dependency property.
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The TextBlock control is the primary element for displaying text in Windows Phone based applications.

When you set text in a TextBlock, it is not necessary in XAML to explicitly specify the Text property. You can put text in the TextBlock container as its content, or inner text, as in the following example:

<TextBlock>Hello, world!</TextBlock>
NoteNote:

Leading or trailing whitespace is not preserved when you set the Text property. For details on whitespace handling in XAML, see XAML for Windows Phone 8.

You can align the TextBlock within the layout of a parent container with the TextAlignment, HorizontalAlignment, and VerticalAlignment properties.

The Run and LineBreak objects can also be used to render formatted text, as child elements of a TextBlock in XAML (or as items of Inlines in code). The Run object is a text element that represents a discrete section of formatted or unformatted text. The LineBreak object represents an explicit new line in a TextBlock.

The default value of the FontSize property of a rendered TextBlock is 11 (measured in pixels).

The default value of the FontFamily property of a rendered TextBlock is "Portable User Interface". For more information on the "Portable User Interface" concept, see Text and fonts for Windows Phone.

The following illustration shows a TextBlock control that display text as label for a check box.

UI_TextBlock

TextBlock Text Model

Rather than presenting a single string, a TextBlock can also present a series of strings contained in different Run elements, where each element can have different character-level font attributes. The LineBreak object represents an explicit new line in a TextBlock, and is generally used between surrounding Run elements. LineBreak and Run share a base class (Inline), which makes it possible for a TextBlock to hold a strongly typed InlineCollection of its text model content. That InlineCollection is also the TextBlock XAML content property, and the end result is that to specify items in the TextBlock model you simply specify various Run and LineBreak elements as child elements of the TextBlock.

The following XAML example shows how to define several differently formatted text strings in a TextBlock by using Run objects, separated with LineBreak.

<!-- Display formatted text as Run objects within a TextBlock. -->
<Canvas>
<TextBlock
  FontFamily="Arial" Width="400" Text="Sample text formatting runs">
  <LineBreak/>
  <Run Foreground="Maroon" FontFamily="Courier New" FontSize="24">Courier New 24</Run>
  <LineBreak/>
  <Run Foreground="Teal" FontFamily="Times New Roman" FontSize="18" FontStyle="Italic">Times New Roman Italic 18</Run>
  <LineBreak/>
  <Run Foreground="SteelBlue" FontFamily="Verdana" FontSize="14" FontWeight="Bold">Verdana Bold 14</Run>
</TextBlock>
</Canvas>

The following illustration shows the rendered formatted text from the previous XAML content example.

TextBlock rendering multiple Run objects

Sample of text formatting runs.

LineBreak forces the text in each Run to display on a separate line. Without the LineBreak, the text in each Run would flow together as one line and would often be clipped due to exceeding the TextBlock object width or the width of the Windows Phone content area. The following illustration shows how the formatted text would render without using LineBreak objects.

TextBlock rendering multiple Run objects without LineBreak objects

Sample text formatting runs.

Accessing the TextBlock Text Model in Code

There are really two properties involved in the TextBlock text model: Text, and Inlines. Changing the value of Text is not always advisable, because it can flatten any existing font element formatting on the individual Run items as well as strip the LineBreak elements for a TextBlock that was originally constructed with inlines and not just Text. For details, see Inlines.

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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