Grid Class

July 28, 2014

Defines a flexible grid area that consists of columns and rows.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Controls
Assembly:  System.Windows (in System.Windows.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: Not mapped to an xmlns.

public class Grid : Panel
<Grid ...>
  oneOrMoreUIElements
</Grid>

XAML Values

oneOrMoreUIElements

One or more object elements that derive from the UIElement class. Object elements defined here become members of the Children collection.

The Grid type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodGridInitializes a new instance of the Grid class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyActualHeightGets the rendered height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyActualWidthGets the rendered width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyAllowDropGets or sets a value that determines whether this UIElement can be a drop target for purposes of drag-and-drop operations. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyBackgroundGets or sets a Brush that is used to fill the panel. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyCacheModeGets or sets a value that indicates that rendered content should be cached when possible. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyChildrenGets the collection of child elements of the panel. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyClipGets or sets the Geometry used to define the outline of the contents of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyColumnDefinitionsGets a ColumnDefinitionCollection defined on this instance of Grid.
Public propertyCursorInfrastructure. Gets or sets the cursor image that displays while the pointer is over a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDataContextGets or sets the data context for a FrameworkElement when it participates in data binding. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyDesiredSizeGets the size that this UIElement computed during the measure pass of the layout process. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyFlowDirectionGets or sets the direction that text and other user interface elements flow within any parent element that controls their layout. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyHeightGets or sets the suggested height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyHorizontalAlignmentGets or sets the horizontal alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a layout parent, such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyIsHitTestVisibleGets or sets whether the contained area of this UIElement can return true values for hit testing. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyIsItemsHostGets a value that indicates whether this Panel is a container for UI items that are generated by an ItemsControl. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyLanguageGets or sets localization/globalization language information that applies to a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMarginGets or sets the outer margin of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxHeightGets or sets the maximum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMaxWidthGets or sets the maximum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinHeightGets or sets the minimum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyMinWidthGets or sets the minimum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyNameGets or sets the identifying name of the object. When a XAML processor creates the object tree from XAML markup, run-time code can refer to the XAML-declared object by this name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyOpacityGets or sets the degree of the object's opacity. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyOpacityMaskGets or sets the brush used to alter the opacity of regions of this object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyParentGets the parent object of this FrameworkElement in the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyProjectionGets or sets the perspective projection (3-D effect) to apply when rendering this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderSizeGets the final render size of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformGets or sets transform information that affects the rendering position of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyRenderTransformOriginGets or sets the origin point of any possible render transform declared by RenderTransform, relative to the bounds of the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyResourcesGets the locally defined resource dictionary. In XAML, you can establish resource items as child object elements of a frameworkElement.Resources property element, through XAML implicit collection syntax. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyRowDefinitionsGets a RowDefinitionCollection defined on this instance of Grid.
Public propertyShowGridLinesGets or sets a value that indicates whether grid lines are visible within this Grid.
Public propertyStyleGets or sets an instance Style that is applied for this object during rendering. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyTagGets or sets an arbitrary object value that can be used to store custom information about this object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyTriggersGets the collection of triggers for animations that are defined for a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyUseLayoutRoundingGets or sets a value that determines whether rendering for the object and its visual subtree should use rounding behavior that aligns rendering to whole pixels. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyUseOptimizedManipulationRoutingGets or sets a value that indicates whether the system should handle input events or whether the FrameworkElement should handle input events. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVerticalAlignmentGets or sets the vertical alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a parent object such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public propertyVisibilityGets or sets the visibility of a UIElement. A UIElement that is not visible does not render and does not communicate its desired size to layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public attached propertyColumnGets or sets a value that indicates which column child content within a Grid should appear in.
Public attached propertyColumnSpanGets or sets a value that indicates the total number of columns that child content spans within a Grid.
Public attached propertyRowGets or sets a value that indicates which row child content within a Grid should appear in.
Public attached propertyRowSpanGets or sets a value that indicates the total number of rows that child content spans within a Grid.
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  NameDescription
Public methodAddHandlerAdds a routed event handler for a specified routed event, adding the handler to the handler collection on the current element. Specify handledEventsToo as true to have the provided handler be invoked for routed event that had already been marked as handled by another element along the event route. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodArrangePositions child objects and determines a size for a UIElement. Parent objects that implement custom layout for their child elements should call this method from their layout override implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodArrangeOverrideArranges the content of a Grid element. (Overrides FrameworkElement.ArrangeOverride(Size).)
Public methodCaptureMouseSets touch capture to a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this object. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodClearValueClears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the Object is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindNameRetrieves an object that has the specified identifier name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodGetAnimationBaseValueReturns any base value established for a Windows Phone dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetBindingExpressionRetrieves the BindingExpression for a dependency property where a binding is established. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodStatic memberGetColumnGets the value of the Grid.Column attached property from the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodStatic memberGetColumnSpanGets the value of the Grid.ColumnSpan attached property from the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodStatic memberGetRowGets the value of the Grid.Row attached property from the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodStatic memberGetRowSpanGets the value of the Grid.RowSpan attached property from the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodInvalidateArrangeInvalidates the arrange state (layout) for a UIElement. After the invalidation, the UIElement will have its layout updated, which will occur asynchronously. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodInvalidateMeasureInvalidates the measurement state (layout) for a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodMeasureUpdates the DesiredSize of a UIElement. Typically, objects that implement custom layout for their layout children call this method from their own MeasureOverride implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Protected methodMeasureOverrideMeasures the children of a Grid in anticipation of arranging them during the ArrangeOverride pass. (Overrides FrameworkElement.MeasureOverride(Size).)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodOnApplyTemplateWhen overridden in a derived class, is invoked whenever application code or internal processes (such as a rebuilding layout pass) call ApplyTemplate. In simplest terms, this means the method is called just before a UI element displays in an application. For more information, see Remarks. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Protected methodOnCreateAutomationPeerWhen implemented in a derived class, returns class-specific AutomationPeer implementations for the Windows Phone automation infrastructure. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodReleaseMouseCaptureRemoves touch capture from a UIElement. After this call, typically no object holds touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodRemoveHandlerRemoves the specified routed event handler from this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodSetBindingAttaches a binding to a FrameworkElement, using the provided binding object, and returns a BindingExpressionBase for possible later use. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public methodStatic memberSetColumnSets the value of the Grid.Column attached property to the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodStatic memberSetColumnSpanSets the value of the Grid.ColumnSpan attached property to the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodStatic memberSetRowSets the value of the Grid.Row attached property to the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodStatic memberSetRowSpanSets the value of the Grid.RowSpan attached property to the specified FrameworkElement.
Public methodSetValueSets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodTransformToVisualReturns a transform object that can be used to transform coordinates from the UIElement to the specified object. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public methodUpdateLayoutEnsures that all positions of child objects of a UIElement are properly updated for layout. (Inherited from UIElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventBindingValidationErrorOccurs when a data validation error is reported by a binding source. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventDoubleTapOccurs when a DoubleTap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventGotFocusOccurs when a UIElement receives focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventHoldOccurs when a Hold gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyDownOccurs when a keyboard key is pressed while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventKeyUpOccurs when a keyboard key is released while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLayoutUpdatedOccurs when the layout of the Windows Phone visual tree changes. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLoadedOccurs when a FrameworkElement has been constructed and added to the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventLostFocusOccurs when a UIElement loses focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventLostMouseCaptureOccurs when the UIElement loses touch capture. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationCompletedOccurs when a manipulation and inertia on the UIElement is complete. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationDeltaOccurs when the input device changes position during a manipulation. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventManipulationStartedOccurs when an input device begins a manipulation on the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseEnterOccurs when a screen tap occurs within the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeaveOccurs when a touch event occurs outside the bounding area of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonDownOccurs when a UIElement is tapped. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseLeftButtonUpOccurs when the finger is lifted off of a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseMoveOccurs when the coordinate position of the finger on the screen while touching a UIElement (or while a UIElement holds touch capture). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventMouseWheelInfrastructure. Occurs when the user rotates the mouse wheel while the mouse pointer is over a UIElement, or the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventSizeChangedOccurs when either the ActualHeight or the ActualWidth properties change value on a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
Public eventTapOccurs when a Tap gesture is committed while over this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputOccurs when a UI element gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputStartOccurs when a UI element initially gets text in a device-independent manner. (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventTextInputUpdateOccurs when text continues to be composed via an input method editor (IME). (Inherited from UIElement.)
Public eventUnloadedOccurs when this object is no longer connected to the main object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement.)
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberColumnPropertyIdentifies the Column dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberColumnSpanPropertyIdentifies the ColumnSpan dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberRowPropertyIdentifies the Row dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberRowSpanPropertyIdentifies the RowSpan dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberShowGridLinesPropertyIdentifies the ShowGridLines dependency property.
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Grid is one of the Panel elements that enable complex layout. By default, a Grid contains one row and one column. To define multiple rows and columns use the ColumnDefinitions and RowDefinitions collections. Each RowDefinition and ColumnDefinition object inside the RowDefinitions and ColumnDefinitions collections define a single row or column. The RowDefinition and ColumnDefinition objects also define the size of each row and column using the GridLength object. For a definition of each unit type, see GridUnitType.

You can position objects in specific cells of the Grid by using the Grid.Column and Grid.Row attached properties.

Columns and rows can take advantage of Star sizing to distribute remaining space proportionally. When Star is selected as the height or width of a row or column, that column or row receives a weighted proportion of the remaining available space. Star sizing is the default behavior.

The following illustration shows a grid where the height of the first two rows is set to * and the last row is 2*.

Shows 3 rows of a Grid with Star sizing

Columns and rows can use Auto sizing to distribute space evenly based on the size of the content that is within a column or row. The following illustration shows 3 columns using Auto sizing.

3 columns in a Grid with Auto sizing

Content can span across multiple rows and columns using the RowSpan and ColumnSpan attached properties.

Setting the Margin property on the child elements in a grid sets the distance between the element and its grid cell boundaries. The HorizontalAlignment and VerticalAlignment properties describe how the child element should be positioned within the grid cell. You can precisely position child elements of a Grid by using a combination of the Margin property and alignment properties.

Child elements of a Grid are drawn in the order in which they appear in markup or code. As a result, layered order (also known as z-order) can be achieved when elements share the same coordinates. For more information about z-order, see ZIndex.

The following table summarizes the other available layout containers provided by Windows Phone.

Panel name

Description

Canvas

Defines an area where you can explicitly position child elements by X and Y values.

StackPanel

Arranges child elements into a single line that can be oriented horizontally or vertically.

For scenarios that require application layout that is not possible using any of the predefined Panel elements, custom layout behaviors can be achieved by inheriting from Panel and overriding the default measure and arrange behavior by using the MeasureOverride and ArrangeOverride methods.

The following code example shows how to design a layout by using a Grid.


<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="#555555" Width="480" Height="400" ShowGridLines="True">
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <ColumnDefinition Width="350" />
        <ColumnDefinition Width="130" />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
        <RowDefinition Height="2*" />
        <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <TextBlock Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Margin="10" FontWeight="Bold" Text="Contoso Corporation" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
    <Grid x:Name="FormLayoutGrid" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" ShowGridLines="True">
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            <ColumnDefinition />
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <TextBlock Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="0" Text="First" Margin="4" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
        <TextBox Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="1" Margin="4" />
        <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Text="Last" Margin="4" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
        <TextBox Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" Margin="4" />
        <TextBlock Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="0" Text="Addr" Margin="4" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
        <TextBox Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" Margin="4" />

    </Grid>
</Grid>



    public Page()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
        LayoutDesign();
    }

    private void LayoutDesign()
    {
        //Create Stackpanel for ListBox Control and its description
        StackPanel DeptStackPanel = new StackPanel();
        DeptStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(10);

        LayoutRoot.Children.Add(DeptStackPanel);
        Grid.SetColumn(DeptStackPanel, 1);
        Grid.SetRow(DeptStackPanel, 1);

        TextBlock DeptListHeading = new TextBlock();
        DeptListHeading.Text = "Department";

        ListBox DeptList = new ListBox();
        DeptList.Items.Add("Finance");
        DeptList.Items.Add("Marketing");
        DeptList.Items.Add("Human Resources");
        DeptList.Items.Add("Payroll");

        DeptStackPanel.Children.Add(DeptListHeading);
        DeptStackPanel.Children.Add(DeptList);

        //Create StackPanel for buttons
        StackPanel ButtonsStackPanel = new StackPanel();
        ButtonsStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(10);
        ButtonsStackPanel.Orientation = System.Windows.Controls.Orientation.Horizontal;
        ButtonsStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;

        LayoutRoot.Children.Add(ButtonsStackPanel);
        Grid.SetColumn(ButtonsStackPanel, 0);
        Grid.SetRow(ButtonsStackPanel, 2);
        Grid.SetColumnSpan(ButtonsStackPanel, 2);

        Button BackButton = new Button();
        BackButton.Content = "Back";
        BackButton.Height = 72;
        BackButton.Width = 140;

        Button CancelButton = new Button();
        CancelButton.Content = "Cancel";
        CancelButton.Height = 72;
        CancelButton.Width = 140;

        Button NextButton = new Button();
        NextButton.Content = "Next";
        NextButton.Height = 72;
        NextButton.Width = 140;

        ButtonsStackPanel.Children.Add(BackButton);
        ButtonsStackPanel.Children.Add(CancelButton);
        ButtonsStackPanel.Children.Add(NextButton);

        BackButton.Margin = new Thickness(10);
        CancelButton.Margin = new Thickness(10);
        NextButton.Margin = new Thickness(10);
    }
}


The preceding example produces output that is similar to the following illustration.

A complex Grid layout

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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