MethodBase.IsVirtual Property

July 28, 2014

Gets a value that indicates whether the method is virtual (Overridable in Visual Basic).

Namespace:  System.Reflection
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public bool IsVirtual { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if this method is virtual; otherwise, false.

A virtual member may reference instance data in a class and must be referenced through an instance of the class.

To determine whether a method is overridable, it is not sufficient to check that IsVirtual is true. For a method to be overridable, IsVirtual must be true and IsFinal must be false. For example, a method that is non-virtual might implement an interface method. The common language runtime requires all methods that implement interface members to be marked as virtual; therefore, the compiler marks the method virtual final. Thus there are cases where a method that is marked as virtual is not overridable.

To establish with certainty whether a method is overridable, use C# code such as if (MethodInfo.IsVirtual && !MethodInfo.IsFinal) or Visual Basic code such as MethodInfo.IsVirtual And Not MethodInfo.IsFinal.

The following example displays false for IsFinal (NotOverridable in Visual Basic), which might lead you to think that MyMethod is overridable. MyMethod is not marked virtual (Overridable in Visual Basic) and therefore cannot be overridden.


using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
   public void MyMethod()
   {
   }
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      MethodBase m = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MyMethod");
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("The IsFinal property value of MyMethod is {0}.", m.IsFinal) + "\n";
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("The IsVirtual property value of MyMethod is {0}.", m.IsVirtual) + "\n";
   }
}


Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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