Information
The topic you requested is included in another documentation set. For convenience, it's displayed below. Choose Switch to see the topic in its original location.

FileStream.ReadByte Method

Reads a byte from the file and advances the read position one byte.

Namespace: System.IO
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override int ReadByte ()
public int ReadByte ()
public override function ReadByte () : int
Not applicable.

Return Value

The byte, cast to an Int32, or -1 if the end of the stream has been reached.

Exception typeCondition

NotSupportedException

The current stream does not support reading.

ObjectDisposedException

The current stream is closed.

This method overrides ReadByte.

NoteNote:

Use the CanRead property to determine whether the current instance supports reading. For additional information, see CanRead.

Notes to Implementers: The default implementation on Stream creates a new single-byte array and then calls Read. While this is formally correct, it is inefficient. Any stream with an internal buffer should override this method and provide a much more efficient version that reads the buffer directly, avoiding the extra array allocation on every call. For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following code example shows how to write data to a file, byte by byte, and then verify that the data was written correctly.

using System;
using System.IO;

class FStream
{
    static void Main()
    {
        const string fileName = "Test#@@#.dat";

        // Create random data to write to the file.
        byte[] dataArray = new byte[100000];
        new Random().NextBytes(dataArray);

        using(FileStream  
            fileStream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Create))
        {
            // Write the data to the file, byte by byte.
            for(int i = 0; i < dataArray.Length; i++)
            {
                fileStream.WriteByte(dataArray[i]);
            }

            // Set the stream position to the beginning of the file.
            fileStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

            // Read and verify the data.
            for(int i = 0; i < fileStream.Length; i++)
            {
                if(dataArray[i] != fileStream.ReadByte())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Error writing data.");
                    return;
                }
            }
            Console.WriteLine("The data was written to {0} " +
                "and verified.", fileStream.Name);
        }
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.IO.*;

class FStream
{   
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        final String fileName = "Test#@@#.dat";

        // Create random data to write to the file.
        ubyte dataArray[] = new ubyte[100000];
        new Random().NextBytes(dataArray);        

        FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Create);
        try {
            // Write the data to the file, byte by byte.
            for(int i=0;i < dataArray.length;i++) {
                fileStream.WriteByte(dataArray[i]);
            } 

            // Set the stream position to the beginning of the file.
            fileStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

            // Read and verify the data.
            for(int i=0;i < fileStream.get_Length();i++) {
                if ( dataArray[i] != fileStream.ReadByte()  ) {
                    Console.WriteLine("Error writing data.");
                    return;
                }
            } 
            Console.WriteLine("The data was written to {0} "
                + "and verified.", fileStream.get_Name());
        }
        finally {
            fileStream.Dispose();
        }        
    } //main
} //FStream

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

Community Additions

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft