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FileShare Enumeration

Contains constants for controlling the kind of access other FileStream objects can have to the same file.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
[FlagsAttribute]
public enum FileShare

Member nameDescription
Supported by the XNA FrameworkNoneDeclines sharing of the current file. Any request to open the file (by this process or another process) will fail until the file is closed.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkReadAllows subsequent opening of the file for reading. If this flag is not specified, any request to open the file for reading (by this process or another process) will fail until the file is closed. However, even if this flag is specified, additional permissions might still be needed to access the file.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkWriteAllows subsequent opening of the file for writing. If this flag is not specified, any request to open the file for writing (by this process or another process) will fail until the file is closed. However, even if this flag is specified, additional permissions might still be needed to access the file.
Supported by the XNA FrameworkReadWriteAllows subsequent opening of the file for reading or writing. If this flag is not specified, any request to open the file for reading or writing (by this process or another process) will fail until the file is closed. However, even if this flag is specified, additional permissions might still be needed to access the file.
DeleteAllows subsequent deleting of a file.
InheritableMakes the file handle inheritable by child processes. This is not directly supported by Win32.

For an example of creating a file and writing text to a file, see How to: Write Text to a File. For an example of reading text from a file, see How to: Read Text from a File. For an example of reading from and writing to a binary file, see How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File.

A typical use of this enumeration is to define whether two processes can simultaneously read from the same file. For example, if a file is opened and Read is specified, other users can open the file for reading but not for writing.

A FileShare parameter is specified in some of the constructors for FileStream, IsolatedStorageFileStream, and in some of the Open methods of File and FileInfo to control how a file is opened.

The following FileStream constructor opens an existing file and grants read-only access to other users (Read).


FileStream s2 = new FileStream(name, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read);


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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