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Array.GetUpperBound Method

Gets the upper bound of the specified dimension in the Array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public int GetUpperBound(
	int dimension
)

Parameters

dimension
Type: System.Int32
A zero-based dimension of the Array whose upper bound needs to be determined.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The upper bound of the specified dimension in the Array.

ExceptionCondition
IndexOutOfRangeException

dimension is less than zero.

-or-

dimension is equal to or greater than Rank.

GetUpperBound(0) returns the upper bound for the indexes of the first dimension of the Array, and GetUpperBound(Rank - 1) returns the upper bound of the last dimension of the Array.

The GetUpperBound method is not affected by the number of elements in the array if the array is empty. The value of the Length property can never be greater than the number of elements allowed, as determined by the upper bound. For example, an array with an upper bound of 10 elements can never have a length greater than 9 (0 represents the first element).

This method is an O(1) operation.

The following code example uses GetLowerBound and GetUpperBound to initialize a one-dimensional array and a multidimensional array.


 using System;
 public class SamplesArray  {

    public static void Main()  {

       // Creates a new one-dimensional Array of type Int32.
       Array my1DIntArray = Array.CreateInstance( typeof(Int32), 5 );

       // Uses GetLowerBound and GetUpperBound in the for loop.
       for ( int i = my1DIntArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= my1DIntArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
          my1DIntArray.SetValue( i+1, i );

       // Displays the bounds and values of the one-dimensional Array.
       Console.WriteLine( "One-dimensional Array:" );
       Console.WriteLine( "Rank\tLower\tUpper" );
       Console.WriteLine( "{0}\t{1}\t{2}", 0, my1DIntArray.GetLowerBound(0), my1DIntArray.GetUpperBound(0) );
       Console.WriteLine( "Values:" );
       PrintValues( my1DIntArray );
       Console.WriteLine();

       // Creates a new three-dimensional Array of type Int32.
       Array my3DIntArray = Array.CreateInstance( typeof(Int32), 2, 3, 4 );

       // Uses GetLowerBound and GetUpperBound in the for loop.
       for ( int i = my3DIntArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= my3DIntArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
          for ( int j = my3DIntArray.GetLowerBound(1); j <= my3DIntArray.GetUpperBound(1); j++ )
             for ( int k = my3DIntArray.GetLowerBound(2); k <= my3DIntArray.GetUpperBound(2); k++ )  {
                my3DIntArray.SetValue( (i*100)+(j*10)+k, i, j, k );
             }

       // Displays the bounds and values of the multidimensional Array.
       Console.WriteLine( "Multidimensional Array:" );
       Console.WriteLine( "Rank\tLower\tUpper" );
       for ( int i = 0; i < my3DIntArray.Rank; i++ )
          Console.WriteLine( "{0}\t{1}\t{2}", i, my3DIntArray.GetLowerBound(i), my3DIntArray.GetUpperBound(i) );
       Console.WriteLine( "Values:" );
       PrintValues( my3DIntArray );
    }


    public static void PrintValues( Array myArr )  {
       System.Collections.IEnumerator myEnumerator = myArr.GetEnumerator();
       int i = 0;
       int cols = myArr.GetLength( myArr.Rank - 1 );
       while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )  {
          if ( i < cols )  {
             i++;
          } else  {
             Console.WriteLine();
             i = 1;
          }
          Console.Write( "\t{0}", myEnumerator.Current );
       }
       Console.WriteLine();
    }
 }
 /*
 This code produces the following output.

 One-dimensional Array:
 Rank    Lower    Upper
 0    0    4
 Values:
     1    2    3    4    5

 Multidimensional Array:
 Rank    Lower    Upper
 0    0    1
 1    0    2
 2    0    3
 Values:
     0    1    2    3
     10    11    12    13
     20    21    22    23
     100    101    102    103
     110    111    112    113
     120    121    122    123
*/ 


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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