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ToolTip Overview

A tooltip is a small pop-up window that appears when a user pauses the mouse pointer over an element, such as over a Button. This topic introduces the tooltip and discusses how to create and customize tooltip content.

This topic contains the following sections.

What Is a Tooltip?

When a user moves the mouse pointer over an element that has a tooltip, a window that contains tooltip content (for example, text content that describes the function of a control) appears for a specified amount of time. If the user moves the mouse pointer away from the control, the window disappears because the tooltip content cannot receive focus.

The following illustration shows a mouse pointer that points to the Close Button, which then displays its identifying ToolTip.

Close button with its tooltip displayed

ToolTip screen shot

The content of a tooltip can contain one or more lines of text, images, shapes, or other visual content. You define a tooltip for a control by setting one of the following properties to the tooltip content.

Which property you use depends on whether the control that defines the tooltip inherits from the FrameworkContentElement or FrameworkElement class.

Creating a ToolTip

The following example shows how to create a simple tooltip by setting the ToolTip property for a Button control to a text string.

<Button ToolTip="Click to submit your information" 
        Click="SubmitCode" Height="20" Width="50">Submit</Button>

You can also define a tooltip as a ToolTip object. The following example uses XAML to specify a ToolTip object as the tooltip of a TextBox element. Note that the example specifies the ToolTip by setting the System.Windows.FrameworkElement.ToolTip property.

<TextBox HorizontalAlignment="Left">ToolTip with non-text content
     <TextBox.ToolTip>
	<ToolTip>
           <DockPanel Width="50" Height="70">
             <Image Source="data\flower.jpg"/>
             <TextBlock>Useful information goes here.</TextBlock>
           </DockPanel>
        </ToolTip>
     </TextBox.ToolTip>
</TextBox>

The following example uses code to generate a ToolTip object. The example creates a ToolTip (tt) and associates it with a Button.

button = new Button();
button.Content = "Hover over me.";
tt = new ToolTip();
tt.Content = "Created with C#";
button.ToolTip = tt;
cv2.Children.Add(button);

You can also create tooltip content that is not defined as a ToolTip object by enclosing the tooltip content in a layout element, such as a DockPanel. The following example shows how to set the ToolTip property of a TextBox to content that is enclosed in a DockPanel control.

<TextBox>
  ToolTip with image and text
  <TextBox.ToolTip>
       <StackPanel>
        <Image Source="data\flower.jpg"/>
        <TextBlock>Useful information goes here.</TextBlock>
      </StackPanel>
  </TextBox.ToolTip>

For the complete sample, see ToolTip Sample.

Using the Properties of the ToolTip and ToolTipService Classes

You can customize tooltip content by setting visual properties and applying styles. If you define the tooltip content as a ToolTip object, you can set the visual properties of the ToolTip object. Otherwise, you must set equivalent attached properties on the ToolTipService class.

For an example of how to set properties in order to specify the position of tooltip content by using the ToolTip and ToolTipService properties, see How to: Position a ToolTip.

Styling a ToolTip

You can style a ToolTip by defining a custom Style. The following example defines a Style called Simple that shows how to offset the placement of the ToolTip and change its appearance by setting the Background, Foreground, FontSize, and FontWeight.

<Style x:Key="Simple" TargetType="{x:Type ToolTip}">
    <Setter Property = "HorizontalOffset" Value="50"/>
    <Setter Property = "VerticalOffset" Value="50"/>
    <Setter Property = "Background" Value="LightBlue"/>
    <Setter Property = "Foreground" Value="Purple"/>
    <Setter Property = "FontSize" Value="20"/>
    <Setter Property = "FontWeight" Value="Bold"/>
 </Style>

For the complete sample, see ToolTip Styles Sample.

Using the Time Interval Properties of ToolTipService

The ToolTipService class provides the following properties for you to set tooltip display times: InitialShowDelay, BetweenShowDelay, and ShowDuration.

Use the InitialShowDelay and ShowDuration properties to specify a delay, typically brief, before a ToolTip appears and also to specify how long a ToolTip remains visible. For more information, see How to: Delay the Display of a ToolTip.

The BetweenShowDelay property determines if tooltips for different controls appear without an initial delay when you move the mouse pointer quickly between them. For more information about the BetweenShowDelay property, see How to: Use the BetweenShowDelay Property.

The following example shows how to set these properties for a tooltip.

<Ellipse Height="25" Width="50" 
         Fill="Gray" 
         HorizontalAlignment="Left"
         ToolTipService.InitialShowDelay="1000"
         ToolTipService.ShowDuration="7000"
         ToolTipService.BetweenShowDelay="2000">
  <Ellipse.ToolTip>
    <ToolTip Placement="Right" 
             PlacementRectangle="50,0,0,0"
             HorizontalOffset="10" 
             VerticalOffset="20"
             HasDropShadow="false"
             Opened="whenToolTipOpens"
             Closed="whenToolTipCloses"
             >
      <BulletDecorator>
        <BulletDecorator.Bullet>
          <Ellipse Height="10" Width="20" Fill="Blue"/>
        </BulletDecorator.Bullet>
        <TextBlock>Uses the ToolTip Class</TextBlock>
      </BulletDecorator>
    </ToolTip>
  </Ellipse.ToolTip>
</Ellipse>


For the complete sample, see ToolTipService Sample.

See Also

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