Array.Sort(Of T) Method (T())

July 28, 2014

Sorts the elements in an entire Array using the IComparable(Of T) generic interface implementation of each element of the Array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Sub Sort(Of T) ( _
	array As T() _
)

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array
Type: T ()
The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to sort.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

array is Nothing.

InvalidOperationException

One or more elements in array do not implement the IComparable(Of T) generic interface.

Each element of array must implement the IComparable(Of T) generic interface to be capable of comparisons with every other element in array.

If the sort is not successfully completed, the results are undefined.

This method uses the QuickSort algorithm. This implementation performs an unstable sort; that is, if two elements are equal, their order might not be preserved. In contrast, a stable sort preserves the order of elements that are equal.

On average, this method is an O(n log n) operation, where n is the Length of array; in the worst case it is an O(n ^ 2) operation.

The following code example demonstrates the Sort(Of T)(T()) generic method overload and the BinarySearch(Of T)(T(), T) generic method overload. An array of strings is created, in no particular order.

The array is displayed, sorted, and displayed again.

NoteNote:

The calls to the Sort and BinarySearch generic methods do not look any different from calls to their nongeneric counterparts, because Visual Basic, C#, and C++ infer the type of the generic type parameter from the type of the first argument.

The BinarySearch(Of T)(T(), T) generic method overload is then used to search for two strings, one that is not in the array and one that is. The array and the return value of the BinarySearch method are passed to the ShowWhere generic method, which displays the index value if the string is found, and otherwise the elements the search string would fall between if it were in the array. The index is negative if the string is not n the array, so the ShowWhere method takes the bitwise complement (the ~ operator in C# and Visual C++, Xor -1 in Visual Basic) to obtain the index of the first element in the list that is larger than the search string.


Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)

      Dim dinosaurs() As String = { _
          "Pachycephalosaurus", _
          "Amargasaurus", _
          "Tyrannosaurus", _
          "Mamenchisaurus", _
          "Deinonychus", _
          "Edmontosaurus"}

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & "Sort" & vbCrLf
      Array.Sort(dinosaurs)

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & _
          "BinarySearch for 'Coelophysis':" & vbCrLf
      Dim index As Integer = _
          Array.BinarySearch(dinosaurs, "Coelophysis")
      ShowWhere(outputBlock, dinosaurs, index)

      outputBlock.Text &= vbLf & _
          "BinarySearch for 'Tyrannosaurus':" & vbCrLf
      index = Array.BinarySearch(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")
      ShowWhere(outputBlock, dinosaurs, index)

   End Sub

   Private Shared Sub ShowWhere(Of T) _
       (ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock, ByVal array() As T, ByVal index As Integer)

      If index < 0 Then
         ' If the index is negative, it represents the bitwise
         ' complement of the next larger element in the array.
         '
         index = index Xor -1

         outputBlock.Text &= "Not found. Sorts between: "

         If index = 0 Then
            outputBlock.Text &= "beginning of array and "
         Else
            outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("{0} and ", array(index - 1))
         End If

         If index = array.Length Then
            outputBlock.Text &= "end of array." & vbCrLf
         Else
            outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("{0}.", array(index)) & vbCrLf
         End If
      Else
         outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("Found at index {0}.", index) & vbCrLf
      End If

   End Sub

End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Pachycephalosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Edmontosaurus
'
'Sort
'
'Amargasaurus
'Deinonychus
'Edmontosaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Pachycephalosaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'
'BinarySearch for 'Coelophysis':
'Not found. Sorts between: Amargasaurus and Deinonychus.
'
'BinarySearch for 'Tyrannosaurus':
'Found at index 5.


Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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